Vocabulary Vault

Study of Words

 Sanguine: 

          Meaning: Cheerfully positive and confident. আশাবাদী, প্রফুল্লিত.

          Explanation: If you're sanguine about a situation, that means you're optimistic that everything's going to work out fine.

          Synonyms: Assured, Buoyant, enthusiastic, optimistic, hopeful.

          Sentence:

1. Robinson remains sanguine about where her career is taking her.

2. He is sanguine about prospects for the global economy.

 

 Insolent: 

          Meaning: Boldly rude or disrespectful, উদ্ধত, দাম্ভিক.

          Explanation: If you say that someone is being insolent, you mean they are being rude to someone they ought to be respectful to.

          Synonyms: Impolite, Impudent, Rude, Arrogant, Indecent, Ill-mannered.

Sentence:

1. One should not be arrogant or insolent but rather be kind, considerate and courteous towards the poor.

2. Peter got angry and made an insolent remark.

 

Common Idioms

  • Cut to the chase:-

When somebody tells you to cut to the chase it means that you’ve been talking too long and haven’t gotten to the point. When a person uses this idiom, they’re telling you to hurry up and get to the important part, without all the details. Be careful how you use this idiom, because if used while talking to someone like a college professor or your boss, it’s rude and disrespectful.

If you’re speaking to a group of people, like your employees, and say I’m going to cut to the chase, it means that there are a few things that need to be said but there’s very little time, so you’ll skip to the important parts so everyone understands.

Meaning:  Come to the point leaving out all unnecessary.

“We haven’t got all day for this discussion. Let’s cut to the chase.”

  • Face the music:-

It means to “face reality” or to deal with the reality of the situation and accept all the consequences, good or bad (but mostly bad). Perhaps you’ve been avoiding something because you feel unsure or scared of the outcome.

Meaning: accept unpleasant consequences of your actions or accept criticism for something that you have done.

“If you have done something wrong, you have to face the music. There’s no escaping out of it.”

“If you keep breaking the rules, sooner or later you will be caught and then you will have to face the music.”

  • Spill the beans

You accidentally knock over a bowl of beans and they all spill out. Think of this image and you’ll remember that spill the beans means to accidentally or prematurely give out information that’s supposed to be kept secret.

Meaning: 1. to tell people secret information: 2. to let secret information become known

“We’ll all be there at 6 for the surprise party – now don’t spill the beans!”

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One Word Substitution

A cure for all diseases Panacea সর্বরোগনিবারক ঔষধ
A government by officials Bureaucracy আমলাতন্ত্র
A large pillar made from one stone Monolith একপ্র্রস্তরস্তম্ভ
An author's handwritten or typed text that has not yet been published Manuscript পাণ্ডুলিপি
A person not sure of the existence of God Agnostic অজ্ঞানবাদী

 

 

Understanding of Words

Mundane (Adjective): অতি সাধারন, নীরস, গতানুগতিক; জাগতিক, পার্থিব.

An ordinary, unexciting thing can be called mundane. Not exceptional in any way especially in quality or ability or size or degree.

Synonyms: Common, Ordinary, Normal, Regular, Usual, Commonplace, and Customary.

  1. The mundane aspects of daily life.
  2. Even the most mundane experiences seem extraordinary when lovingly recalled later.
Mundane is something which is lacking interest or excitement.

Synonyms: Dull, Boring, Unexciting, tedious, monotonous, humdrum.

  1. He delivered a mundane speech.
  2. She is expert in making the most mundane report appear interesting.
  3. The place was really relaxing and all the mundane hassles of normal day-to-day life seem a million miles away.

Paltry (Adjective): তুচ্ছ, নগণ্য, সামান্য, উপেক্ষণীয়.

A paltry amount is so small it's not even worth thinking about. Ridiculously or insultingly small.

Synonyms: Small, meager, trifling, trivial, insignificant, negligible, inadequate, insufficient, pitiable, pathetic, miserable, beggarly.

  1. This paltry amount isn't even enough to heat a cup of coffee, let alone travel to another planet.
  2. The monetary compensation being offered by the government is a paltry amount with respect to the loss incurred by them.
  3. There is some insurance available, although the amount of coverage is paltry.
It can also mean "not worth considering" or "not important."

Synonyms: Worthless, petty.

  1. If you keep breaking your promises, your friends will get sick of your paltry excuses.
  2. The manager rejected his paltry suggestions with a smiley gesture.

Test yourself:
  1. Mundane means: (A) Common  (B) Impervious (C) Indigent (D) Sacred
  2. Choose the correct alternative from the option given below which is most opposite to the underlined word.

There is some insurance available, although the amount of coverage is paltry.

(A) Sufficient                                          (B) Inadequate

(C) Wide                                                  (D) Unavailable

 

Idioms 2.0

Achilles’ heel

Meaning | Synonyms

  • A vulnerable spot or weakness, Deficiency
  • A small fault in a person or system that can result in its failure
  • A small problem or weak point in someone who is otherwise perfect
  • A small but fatal weakness

Example Sentences

  1. The corrupt minister is regarded as the government’s Achilles heel and is expected to resign.
  2. Though he was a good person, his short temper was his Achilles heel.
  3. You have prepared a lot for the examination but the decision of not taking any mock test could be proved your Achilles heel.
  4. Fear of delivering speech in front of large crowd was his Achilles heel.
  5. English speaking has always been Achilles’ heel to my career.

Bury the hatchet

Meaning | Synonyms

  • To stop fighting; resolve a quarrel.
  • Make peace; settle one’s differences to become friends again.

Example Sentences

  1. Let's bury the hatchet and be friends.
  2. The two neighbouring countries India and Pakistan have often been advised by the world bodies to bury the hatchet for their own progress.
  3. If I were you, I'd bury the hatchet.
  4. The two countries decided to finally bury the hatchet.

To jump on the bandwagon

Meaning | Synonyms

  • To support a cause only because it is popular to do so.
  • If you 'jump on the bandwagon', you join a growing movement in support of someone or something when that movement is seen to be about to become successful (usually for some personal gain or advantage).

Example Sentences

  1. After a couple of politicians won elections by promising to cut taxes, most of the others jumped on the bandwagon.
  2. Let's jump on the bandwagon right now and endorse the man before we get left behind.
  3. If the petition is advertised, more creditors may jump on the bandwagon.

 

Important Idioms

1. Beat around the bush:

Avoid talking about the main topic || Not speaking directly or precisely || Avoid the important point || To avoid answering a question || To avoid talking directly about an unpleasant or sensitive topic.

Example Sentences -

  • Stop beating around the bush and tell me what you want.
  • Stop beating around the bush and answer my question.
  • Will you please stop beating about the bush and get to the point?
  • Don't beat around the bush—just tell me the truth.

2. Cry over spilt milk:

To cry about past events that cannot be undone || To be upset about past misfortunes or past misdeed || To feel sorry about something that has already happened

Example Sentences -

  • Mona was unable to accept the reality of her divorce. She was crying over spilled milk.
  • There is no use of crying over spilt milk. It cannot be undone what you have done.
  • Please calm down, you're just crying over spilt milk. We already submitted the report, so we can't fix it now.

3. A Dime a Dozen:

Something very common and not having much value and can easily be acquired. || Something that is abundant, cheap and very common.

Example Sentences -

  • Adventure and traveling based reality shows are now outdated and a dime a dozen.
  • Coaching classes are a dime a dozen, but most of them are of low quality and do not deliver on their promise.
  • This fruit might be rare where you come from, but around here these are a dime a dozen.
  • People who can write good books are not a dime a dozen. Romantic movies are a dime a dozen.

4. Above Board:

Legitimate, honest, and/or legal. || To do something openly; straightforward. || To not involve any tricks; Fair play. || To perform something after clarifying

Example Sentences

  • If a situation or business is above board, it is honest and legal.
  • Don’t try to be tricky dear; we have to make this deal to be above board, totally.
  • The deal between the two parties was completely open and above board.
  • All my dealings with the company have been completely above board.
  • These documents look above board to me, you can go ahead and process them.

 

Vocabulary 2.0

Word Definition Synonym Explanation
Fathom understand a difficult problem  after much thought. Understand, measure, Comprehend, realize, recognize, figure out, discern, grasp, decode

1. To fathom something is to understand it thoroughly, and is usually used in the negative, as in "I can't fathom why he doesn't want to go along with us."

2. If you cannot fathom something, you are unable to understand it even with much thought.

Rancour

1. a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

2. Causing problem or difference

1. [bitterness, hatred, resentment, acrimony, acerbity, asperity, enmity]

2. [conflict, discord, friction]

1. He spoke without rancour

2.The open rancor in political discussion prevents cooperation between political parties.

3. There was no rancor or bitterness in the expression of these men

Repose a state of rest, sleep, or tranquillity. Calmness Quiteness, relaxation, respite, placidity, stillness

1. Repose is a state in which you are resting and feeling calm.

2. When in repose, her face recalls the Mona Lisa.

3. The sea reposed under the tropical sun.


Test yourself.

  • rancor means : a] solitude  b] resentment c] betray d] elation
  • fathom means : a] understate b] compassion c] comprehend d] havoc
  • repose means : a] rythm b] faith c] calmness d] respect

 

 

Start with One Word

ACCORD:-

  • Bengali Meaning: চুক্তি, অবিরোধ, সঙ্গতি [Used as: Noun]
  • Definition: Agreement, mutual understanding
  • Synonyms: Pact, Treaty, Deal, Conformity, Reconciliation, Concord
  • Explanation:
  1. An accord between countries or groups is a formal agreement.
  2. The government and the rebels are in accord on one point.
  3. The two sides failed to reach accord.
  • Antonyms: discord, conflict, contrast, friction, rivalry, contradiction, contention, rift, rancor, strife, falling-out

 

  • Bengali Meaning: প্রদান করা [Used as: Verb]
  • Definition: To give approval, to grant
  • Synonyms: Accede, Admit, Allow, Concede, Give, Entrust with, Vest in, Tender, Approve, Authorize, endorse, sanction, consent
  • Explanation:
  1. If you are accorded a particular kind of treatment, people treat you in that way.
  2. The power was accorded to the head of state.
  • Antonyms: refuse, deny, disapprove, withhold, disallow, forbid, resist, reject, withstand

 

  • Bengali Meaning: একমত হত্তয়া, সঙ্গতিপূর্ণ হত্তয়া [Used as: Verb]
  • Definition: come to agreement
  • Synonyms: agree, be in tune, conform, concur, go hand in hand, get along with, harmonize
  • Explanation:
  1. We are in accord with your proposal
  2. The Chairman's proposals were accorded by the house.
  • Antonyms: dispute, differ, contradict, contend

 

Idiom with the word Accord:

of one's own accord

স্বেচ্ছায়-willingly, at will, from choice, of one's own free will, নিজের খুশিতে- voluntarily

স্বতঃস্ফূর্তভাবে- spontaneously

1. We did the extra work of our own accord.

2. If you clean your room of your own accord, your parents will be pleased.

Important Points:

Point 1: Try to familiarize with all the words given above.

Point 2: Figure out the meaning and understanding of the words which are co-related with each other.

Point 3: Make your own simple sentence with each word for better grasp of the words. 

Point 4: All the words of the above are very important for every exam where vocabulary is asked.