Current Affairs Diary

February 2020

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

Andhra Pradesh flagged off India’s first ‘fruit train’. This is the first time an entire train carrying a load of 980 metric tonnes of locally grown bananas which has been sent to the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNP) in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Those bananas will be exported to Iran.

2.

Madhya Pradesh (MP) state won the 1st position for its implementation of Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY). Indore (Madhya Pradesh) has also won 1st place for better performance in PMMVY.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana:

The aim of the scheme is to provide incentives of Rs. 5,000 for the loss of wages of working women while ensuring proper rest and nutrition during pregnancy or after delivery of the first living child. The incentive will be sent to the bank account directly through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).

3.

Cabinet gives in-principle approval for setting up a new Major Port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra.

4.

Bihar becomes North India’s first “bird ringing station” for observation, monitoring & research on migratory birds and 4th state in the country after Tamil Nadu (Chennai), Rajasthan (Jaipur) and Orissa (Bhubaneshwar).

5.

Himachal Pradesh: 1st State to achieve 100% LPG coverage.

6.

Union Minister of Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan announced that the Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) will be set up by the first week of April 2020.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das wins ‘Central banker of the year 2020, Asia-Pacific’ award.

2.

73rd BAFTA 2020 held in London, UK. ‘1917’ wins best film award.

3.

Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg nominated for Nobel Peace Prize 2020. It is the second consecutive year that Thunberg has been nominated.

4.

The 92nd Academy awards 2020 (Oscars 2020) was held in Los Angeles, US. Best Motion Picture of the year  Parasite – Kwak Sin Ae and Bong Joon Ho (Producers) || Actor in a leading role - Joaquin Phoenix for Joker || Actress in a leading role - Renée Zellweger for Judy

5.

On February 20, 2020, The 27-year old Indian freelance reporter Ahmer Khan was announced as the winner of the 2019 Kate Webb Prize by the Agence France-Presse, for his series of videos and written reports on how people in Kashmir impacted while scraping article 370 by the Government of India.

6.

Hrithik Roshan awarded as the Best Actor in Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival 2020 for his Movie 'Super 30'.

7.

The Raja Ravi Varma State Award for the year 2019 was conferred on a veteran painter from Kalaburagi Prof. J.S. Khanderao and senior artist from Mumbai, Vasudev Kamath.

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

Mumbai’s Kaamya Karthikeyan-Youngest Girl in the World to climb South America’s Highest Peak Mt. Aconcagua.

2.

Larry Tesler Inventor of Copy-Cut-Paste passed away.

3.

Former President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, passed away.

4.

Indian-origin Suella Braverman has been appointed as the UK's new Attorney General.

5.

World’s Oldest govt leader Mahathir Mohamad (94) resigned as Malaysia’s PM.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

Prakash Javadekar inaugurates World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) 2020 in New Delhi. Theme: “Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count”.

2.

Narmada Mahotsav 2020 celebrated at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh (MP).

3.

India’s biggest rural technical festival ‘Antahpragnya 2020’ was held in Rajiv Gandhi University of knowledge Technologies (RGUKT), Basar, Nirmal district, Telangana.

4.

Kerala to host International conference on Climate change & Ocean health “CLIMFISHCON-2020”.

5.

2020 UN Climate Summit Conference of the Parties (COP 26) to be held in Glasgow, UK in November.

6.

India ranked 77th on the Sustainability Index as per UN report.

7.

The International Judicial Conference was held in New Delhi.

8.

The Losar festival was celebrated in Himachal Pradesh.

9.

India to host 1st Artificial intelligence summit: RAISE 2020- ‘Responsible AI for Social Empowerment 2020’ in New Delhi.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

Maldives readmitted and became the 54th member of the Commonwealth family.

2.

India signs 1st ever term contract with Russia for Importing Russian Crude Oil.

3.

‘Namaste Trump’ event was organized for Donald Trump at Ahmedabad’s newly-built Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Cricket Stadium in Motera. It is the world’s biggest cricket stadium.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

Gandhinagar railway station in Gujarat to be the 1st in India to add a 5-star hotel above the tracks.

2.

India's first private gold mine operation will begin in the last quarter of 2021 at Jonnagiri in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh.

3.

Sweden’s Riksbank has begun testing the world's 1st digital version of currency, e-krona.

4.

Mumbai airport gets the world's largest ‘Export Cold Zone’ to Store Agro, Pharma Products.

5.

GSI estimates 160 Kg Gold Deposits in Uttar Pradesh’s Sonbhadra district, not 3,000 Tonnes.

6.

The US has surpassed China to become India’s top trading partner, showing greater economic ties between the two countries.

7.

Michael Miebach named as Mastercard’s new President & CEO, Ajay Banga moves to Executive Chairman.

8.

RBI introduced 12 indicators for calculating India’s growth by paper titled “Nowcasting Indian GDP growth using a Dynamic Factor Model”. Here are the 12 indicators: Index of industrial production (IIP) –

1. Consumer goods, 2. IIP- core sectors, 3. Automobile sales, 4. Non-oil non-gold imports, 5. Exports, 6. Rail freight, 7. Air cargo, 8. Foreign tourist inflows, 9. Government tax receipts, 10. Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER), 11. Sensex, 12. Bank Credit

9.

Indian Railways launched its First “Restaurant on Wheels” at Asansol Station, West Bengal.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE & EDUCATION

1.

WHO (World Health Organization) has officially named the disease caused by Coronavirus as ‘COVID-19’ [“co” stands for “corona”, “vi” for “virus” and “d” for “disease”, while “19” was for the year.

2.

According to the researchers at South China Agricultural University, pangolin, an endangered, scaly, ant-eating mammal that is imported in huge numbers to Chinese markets for food and medicine, is believed to be the cause of coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China.

3.

Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) has become the 1st airport in India to be completely free of single-use plastic usage.

4.

Scientist finds Mysterious Yara Virus in Brazil.

5.

Researchers from the University of Texas have developed the first 3D atomic-scale map of the part of the virus, called the spike protein that attaches to and infects human cells. This will lead to developing a vaccine for the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

6.

India is 5th most polluted country with Ghaziabad as the most polluted city, globally: IQAir AirVisual Report.

7.

Peng Yao & his team at the Ocean University of China in Qingdao found 8,000 years old Carbon inside The Yongle Blue Hole (YBH), the world’s deepest blue hole, in the South China Sea.

8.

‘Henneguya salminicola’-First ever animal that can survive without oxygen discovered by Scientists from Tel Aviv University (TAU).

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

World Cancer Day 2020 was observed on February 4.

DEFENCE

1.

Indian Navy has carried out a 5-day coastal security exercise called, ‘Matla Abhiyaan’ at Sundarban region in Kolkata, West Bengal.

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Australian open 2020 held in Melbourne, Australia. Men Singles’ - Novak Djokovic (Serbia) and Women’s Singles - Sofia Kenin (US).

2.

Indian Olympic Association (IOA) has invited BCCI President Sourav Ganguly to become the Goodwill Ambassador of the Indian contingent at the Tokyo Olympics Games 2020.

3.

Bangladesh won the 13th ICC Under 19 Cricket World Cup 2020 defeating India in South Africa.

4.

Inaugural National winter games 2020 to be held in Ladakh and J&K’s Gulmarg.

5.

India to host the FIFA Under-17 Women’s World Cup 2020; ‘Kick Off the Dream’ is the official slogan.

6.

ESPN Multi-Sport Annual Awards 2019 announced: PV Sindhu & Saurabh Chaudhary become Sportspersons of the year under Female & Male category respectively.

7.

On February 21, 2020 Russia will be the 1st country to host the new format of AIBA (Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur or International Boxing Association) Team World Cup 2020.

8.

Russian tennis star and 5 time Grand Slam winner Maria Sharapova gets retired.

9.

The National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) announced that the Indian shotgun team has withdrawn from the 2020 International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Cup that is to be held in Nicosia, Cyprus which is scheduled to be from March 5 to 12, 2020 due to a coronavirus outbreak.

 

January 2020

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

Kerala became 1st State to pass a resolution against citizenship Amendment Act.

2.

Odisha government launches India’s 1st e-Gazette portal for all gazette notifications.

3.

Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani unveils the second tallest statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the world at Ahmedabad.

4.

On January 06, 2020, the Kolkata police of West Bengal started the 3rd edition of the ‘Sukanya’ project in the state. The project provides self- defence training to girls studying in school and colleges of Kolkata city.

5.

On January 9, 2020 Government of India set a new deadline for the completion of the world’s highest railway bridge- Chenab bridge. Kashmir will be connected to the rest of India by Indian railways by December 2021. Konkan railway is the implementing agency of this project.

6.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to re-dedicate Kolkata's four iconic colonial buildings to the people of Kolkata. The four buildings Currency Building, Metcalfe Hall, Belvedere House, and Victoria Memorial Hall have now been completely resorted.

7.

On January, 16, 2020, Union Minister for Home Affairs (HM), Shri Amit Shah has presided over the signing of a quadripartite agreement between the central government and state Governments of Tripura, Mizoram and representatives of the Bru tribe in New Delhi to end 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis. As per the new agreement, about 34,000 Bru refugees will be inhabited in Tripura.

8.

On January 20, 2020 Andhra Pradesh (AP) Government has passed Andhra Pradesh Decentralization and Inclusive development of All Regions Bill-2020 for the tri-capital system. The bill proposes to make Visakhapatnam as the executive capital, Amaravati as the legislative capital and Kurnool as the judicial capital of Andhra Pradesh.

9.

Uttarakhand is the 1st state in the country to implement agricultural leasing policy.

10.

West Bengal leads in vegetable production, Andhra Pradesh tops in Fruits in 2018-19.

11.

Reading preamble of constitution made mandatory in schools of Madhya Pradesh.

12.

The government of India signs an accord with the banned Assam-based insurgent group Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) on 27 January 2020.

13.

The Andhra Pradesh Cabinet passed a resolution for abolishing the state Legislative Council.

15.

World’s largest meditation centre opened in Hyderabad, Telangana.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

Dubai-based Indian singer, Sucheta Satish wins Global Child Prodigy Award 2020.

2.

Indian Scientist Dr Sakya Singha Sen and team wins ‘Merck Young Scientist Awards 2019’ in Karnataka.

3.

Singer Suman & music director Kuldeep Singh to get MP’s Lata Mangeshkar Award for 2017 & 2018 respectively.

4.

Sindhi writer Vasdev Mohi to be conferred with 29th Saraswati Samman 2019. The literary award is given for his short stories collection- ‘Chequebook’.

5.

Priya Prakash won the Global Citizen Prize: Cisco Youth Leadership Award for 2019. She is the founder and CEO of India-based HealthSetGo.

6.

Assam, Jal Shakti Mission & NDRF wins the best tableaux awards for 71st Republic Day Parade 2020.

7.

Environmentalist Pavan Sukhdev and Prof. Gretchen C. Daily won the Tyler Prize 2020 for Environmental Achievement.

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

Union Home Minister Amit Shah released a book ‘Karmayoddha Granth’ on the life of PM Modi.

2.

Mikhail Mishustin becomes the new Prime Minister of Russia.

3.

Dr Mihir Shah was appointed as Chairman of 11 member Committee to draft the National Water Policy.

4.

Harish Salve appointed Queen’s Counsel for courts of England & Wales.

5.

Arjun Munda (Jharkhand), Minister of Tribal Affairs elected as the President of the suspended Archery Association of India (AAI) for 4 years term.

6.

‘Relentless’ autobiography by Former finance minister Yashwant Sinha released by Pranab Mukherjee.

7.

Taranjit Singh Sandhu appointed as India's Ambassador to USA.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

For the 1st time, Vizag (Andhra Pradesh) to host 14th Global Healthcare Summit in 2021.

2.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated the 107th Indian Science Congress (ISC) at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru.

3.

India was ranked at 34th place in the World Economic Forum (WEF)’s World Travel, Tourism Competitiveness Index for the year 2019.

4.

EIU survey 2015-20: 3 of world’s 10 fastest-growing cities in Kerala; Malappuram tops list.

5.

Henley Passport Index 2020: India ranks 84th in world's most powerful passport list;Japan tops.

6.

World Future Energy Summit began on 13 January in Abu Dhabi.

7.

WEF’s 1st Global Social Mobility Index 2020: India ranks 76th & Denmark tops the list.

8.

India ranked 51st in the Democracy Index 2019. It has dropped 10 places in the Democracy Index’s global ranking.

9.

The Corruption Perception Index 2019 was released by Transparency International. As per the Index India ranks 80 out of 180 countries with a score of 41 out of 100. Last year India’s rank was 78 with the same score. The list was topped by Denmark and New Zealand.

10.

The 50th edition of the 2020 World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meeting was held in Davos-Klosters,in Switzerland from January 21-24, 2020. The theme for the year 2020 was “Stakeholders for a Cohesive and Sustainable World”.

11.

As per the report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), China is the world’s second largest producer of munitions behind the United States (US) and ahead of Russia.

12.

As per the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) India Telangana tops in best performing state in sustainable growth.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

India and Pakistan exchanged list of Nuclear Installations in their countries.

2.

India strongly condemned vandalism at Nankana Sahib Gurudwara in Pakistan. The Pakistan Government to take immediate steps to ensure the safety, security, and welfare of the members of the Sikh community.

3.

On January 03, 2020 Iran’s most powerful military commander,General Qassem Soleimani, who was the head (since 1998) of the Quds Force, a unit of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) was killed in an American drone airstrike at Baghdad International Airport in Iraq.

4.

The Central Government has declared the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to be a “reciprocating territory” under Section 44A of Civil Procedure Code (CPC), 1908. The order was issued by the Ministry of Law and Justice. By this the order passed by the superior Courts of UAE can now be enforced in India as if they had been passed by the local courts in India, by filing a copy of the decree concerned in a District Court here. The courts so designated are called ‘superior Courts’.

5.

The president of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Jair Messias Bolsonaro was the guest of homour at the Republic Dary celebration.

6.

European Union (EU) parliament has decided to make a debate and conduct vote on the resolution against the controversial Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019, and on the annexation of occupied Kashmir by India after abrogating Jammu and Kashmir’s special status.

7.

Nepal creates Guinness World Record for highest altitude fashion show event.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

RBI governor launched MANI app for visually challenged to identify currency notes.

2.

DPIIT: FDI inflows rose 15% to $26 Bn in 1st half of FY2020; Singapore largest FDI source of India.

3.

On January 02, 2020 the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has mandated all the health and General Insurance Companies(GICs) to offer 1st of its kind standardised health insurance products (SHIP) in the name “Arogya Sanjeevani” policy with effect from April 1, 2020. All the health products offered by those companies will be succeeded by this name.

4.

On January 06, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), gave approval to Uttar Pradesh based Shivalik Mercantile Co-operative Bank Ltd to convert to a small finance bank (SFB).

5.

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) launched the Vajra Platform to make payments fast and secure. The platform is based on blockchain technology.

6.

Food delivery startup Zomato acquires Uber Eats.

7.

Government of India has decided to sell 100 percent stake of Air India.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE & EDUCATION

1.

Indian Space Research Organisation establish a second launch port in Thoothukudi district in Tamilnadu exclusively to launch small satellite launch vehicles.

2.

Ritualistic Festival ‘Lai Haroba’ begins in Tripura.

3.

India recorded the highest number of babies born worldwide on New Year's Day.

4.

In a bid to unify different tribes of Mizo community, the state Government of Mizoram will organize the 1st edition of Zo Kutpui festival 2020 across 10 states in India & also in countries such as Maryland in the US (United States), Tahan in Myanmar and Bangladesh from January 9, 2020.

5.

ISRO has announced plans to set up India's world-class facility for training astronauts 'Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC)' in three years at Challakere in Chitradurga district of Karnataka.

6.

31st International Kite Festival launched in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

7.

Chinese health authorities reported that a new virus implicated in a pneumonia outbreak was identified in the city of Wuhan, China. The researchers discovered that the new strain of the virus is that of the coronavirus. Coronaviruses infects the respiratory tract. Coronaviruses are a family of viruses known for containing strains that cause potentially deadly diseases in mammals and birds. In humans they're typically spread via airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals. Some rare but notable strains, including SARS-CoV-2 (responsible for COVID-19), and those responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), can cause death in humans. COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)

8.

SARS-CoV-2 was first identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in 2019.

9.

The Australian government is to declare koalas as an endangered species after the bushfire crisis. It destroyed 30% of the habitat of koalas across the country. Australian bushfire: Since September 2019 the Australian bushfires have been raging. It is one of the worst in its history.

10.

China operationalized the world's largest radio telescope ‘FAST’ in southwest China’s Guiyang city, the capital of Guizhou province.

11.

Scientists found a meteorite that was crashed into rural southeastern Australia in a fireball in 1969 containing the oldest material ever found on Earth.

12.

India has successfully achieved complete phase out of the Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b. It is a chemical used in foam manufacturing companies and is one of the most potent ozone depleting chemicals after the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

13.

‘Samvidhaan’ named as Oxford Hindi Word of the Year for 2019.

14.

SC allows the government to bring African cheetah to suitable wildlife habitat in India.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

World Braille Day is being observed on January 4 every year across the world to mark the remembrance of Louis Braille who invented Braille script which helps the visually disable persons to read as well as to write.

2.

World Hindi day celebrated on January 10, 2020.

3.

The 16th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) is observed on 9 January 2020.

4.

Indian states namely Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura celebrated their Statehood Day on 21 January. On 21 January 1972, all three states became full-fledged states under the North Eastern Region (Reorganization) Act, 1971.

5.

On 24 January 2020, the 2nd edition of International Day of Education observed with the aim to celebrate the role of education for peace and development. The theme for the year 2020 is ‘Learning for people, planet, prosperity, and peace’. The day was organized by UNESCO.

6.

National Girl Child Day is celebrated on 24 January.

7.

10th National Voters’ Day is observed on January 25, 2020.

DEFENCE

1.

12th naval exercise ‘Naseem-Al-Bahr’ between India and Oman held in Goa.

2.

The Vishakhapatnam city of Andhra Pradesh will host International naval exercise ‘MILAN’ in March 2020. The theme of the exercise for the year 2020 is ‘Synergy Across the Seas’.

3.

India’s 1st indigenous aircraft carrier Vikrant to be commissioned by early 2021.

4.

India’s 1st War Memorial for Animals to be set up in Meerut, UP.

5.

Indian Navy launched ‘Operation Vanilla’ to aid the cyclone-hit Madagascar.

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Cristiano Ronaldo bags best men’s player title at 11th Dubai Globe Soccer Awards 2019 in Dubai.

2.

Indian paddler Manav Thakkar topped the latest International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) rankings and became world number 1 in the Under-21 men's singles category.

3.

Fouaad Mirza became 1st Indian equestrian to qualify for Tokyo Olympics in over 2 decades.

4.

Indian Cricketer Jasprit Bumrah is selected to receive the Polly Umrigar Award for male category for the year 2018-19.

5.

Rohit Sharma was named ODI cricket of the year by ICC.

6.

India’s Rani Rampal nominated for ‘World Games Athlete of the Year’, 2019.

7.

Bala Devi: 1st Indian woman to sign up for foreign football club, ‘Rangers FC’ of Scotland.

 

December 2019

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

India becomes the 1st country in the world to make Haj 2020 process completely digital.

2.

The government is to establish a National Maritime Heritage Museum, at Lothal, a Harappan site on the Saurashtra coast in Gujarat. The move aims to boost the underwater or marine archaeology.

3.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) certified Mumbai Central railway station as India's first Eat Right Station.

4.

As on November 30, 2019 the govt. has disbursed Rs. 36,000 crores under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) to the farmers. The announcement was made by Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar. Over seven crores 60 lakh farmers have been benefited under the scheme.

5.

Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the Inner Line Permit (ILP) to Manipur, making it the 4th state in the northeast after Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.

6.

On December 08, 2019 the President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind laid the foundation stone of the Paika Vidroh Memorial at Barunei foothills in Khurda, Odisha. Paika rebellion: It is a rebellion under the leadership of Bakshi Jagabandhu against British East India Company’s rule in Odisha in 1817.

7.

Rajya Sabha (RS) passed the International Financial Services Centres (IFSCs) Authority Bill, 2019. The bill was passed to set up a unified authority to regulate all financial services in IFSCs in India. The first IFSC in India has been set up at GIFT (Gujarat International Finance Tec-City) City in Gandhinagar city of Gujarat.

8.

President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on 12 December 2019. The bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955.

9.

AP CM Jagan launched ‘Netanna Nestham’ welfare scheme for weavers.

10.

Government approves Rs 56,443 cr Kerala semi-high speed rail project named “Silver line”.

11.

India’s first university for the transgender community will be opened in the Kushinagar district of Uttar Pradesh.

12.

On December 25, 2019 the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL) and named the Strategic Tunnel under Rohtang Pass after Vajpayee, in an event held in New Delhi on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The aim of the scheme is to improve ground water management. Atal Tunnel (previously known as Rohtang Tunnel), named after India’s Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, is a highway tunnel being built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway. At 8.8 km length, the tunnel will be one of the longest road tunnels in India and is expected to reduce the distance between Manali and Keylong by about 46 km.

13.

Railways renames Railway Protection Force as Indian Railway Protection Service.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

The Siu-Ka-Pha Award was presented to noted educationist, Botanist and folklore researcher Dr. Padmeswar Gogoi.

2.

South Africa's Zozibini Tunzi was crowned as the Miss Universe 2019.

3.

Odisha won the ‘World Habitat Award 2019’ for Jaga Mission also called Odisha Liveable Habitat Mission (OLHM), a slum land project executed for the benefit of millions of urban-poor people living in slums. The award was given by the World Habitat, a UK (United Kingdom) based organization, in association with the United Nations (UN)-Habitat.

4.

The Gurugram- based startup program has created an application called ‘Zuri’ that won the Copernicus Masters Award also called Space Oscars, under the social Entrepreneurship category. The award was given by the Earth observation program managed by the European Commission (EU) in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA). The application was developed by Gurgaon-based startup Blue Sky Analytics.

5.

Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg (16) becomes youngest TIME’s Person of the Year for 2019.

6.

On December 12, 2019, “International Changemaker Olympiad (ICO)”, an annual international competition program founded by Rahul Adhikari,a Gold-Medalist from Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT-R) has won the Wharton-QS Stars Reimagine Education Award 2019, popularly known as the “Oscars” of education.

7.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been named as the world's most powerful woman by Forbes in the 2019 list of the 100 most powerful women in the world.

8.

Deepika Padukone wins WEF's Crystal Award 2020 for her leadership in raising awareness about mental health illness.

9.

Toni-Ann Singh of Jamaica crowned Miss world 2019; India’s Suman Rao won Miss World Asia title.

10.

Amitabha Bagchi won the DSC prize for South Asian Literature 2019.

12.

Telangana’s Kamareddy district was awarded by UNICEF for effective implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission 2019.

13.

UN declares Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai as the most famous teenager of the decade.

14.

Padma Vibhushan awardee Amitabh Bachchan conferred with 50th Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2018.

15.

Sanjay Gupta of ‘Jagran’ to be honoured with Lokmanya Tilak journalism award.

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

Soma Roy Burman was appointed as the 24th Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure.

2.

Ursula von der Leyen took charge as the President of the European Commission. She replaced Jean-Claude Juncker. She is the first woman to become the President of the European Commission.

3.

American actor Joaquin Phoenix named 2019 ‘Person of the Year’ by PETA.

4.

On 4th December 2019, Sundar Pichai, current CEO (Chief Executive Officer) of Google has been made the CEO of Alphabet, the parent organization of Google, followed by the resignation of Larry Page and Sergey Brin, CEO and President of Alphabet and the founders of Google.

5.

Inventor of the bar code, George Laurer passed away at the age of 94.

6.

On 16th December 2019, Lieutenant General Manoj Mukund Naravane will be appointed as the 28th Chief of Army Staff (COAS) for a period of 3 years.

7.

Viswanathan Anand launched his autobiography titled ‘Mind Master’.

8.

Dr Sangita Reddy was appointed as the President of FICCI for 2019-20 after succeeding Sandip Somany.

9.

Narendra Modi government approved the appointment of Indian ambassador to the United States Harsh Vardhan Shringla as the next foreign secretary. He replaced Vijay Gokhale.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

The UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 began on 2 December 2019. The conference will be held from 2-13 December 2019 in Madrid, Spain. It will take place under the Presidency of the Government of Chile.

2.

The United Kingdom (UK) hosted a two day long 2019 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Summit in London from December 3-4, 2019. Montenegro was the last and 29th country to join NATO.

3.

India ranked 5th in the 15th edition of the Global Climate Risk Index 2020. It was released by Bonn-based think-tank Germanwatch.

4.

According to a report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), India climbed one spot to 129 among 189 countries in the 2019 human development index. Norway, Switzerland, Ireland are the top three nations on the index.

5.

India has ranked 9th in the high category of 2019 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) presented on 10 December at the COP25 climate summit in Madrid, Spain.

6.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi chaired the first meeting of the National Ganga Council in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

7.

WEF Gender Gap Index 2019: India slips 4 places to 112th place; Iceland topped.

8.

Geneva is to hold the first-ever Global Refugee Forum from 16-18 December 2019. It was announced by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR).

9.

Dr. Jitendra Singh launched the Good Governance Index at an event organized by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, on the occasion of Good Governance Day. TN tops the index in big states category.

10.

NITI Aayog Released 2nd SDG India Index 2019 in New Delhi; Kerala topped the index.

11.

Vice Prez attends 27th National children’s science congress 2019 held for the 1st time in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

On December 1, 2019, Saudi Arabia became the first country in the Arab world to head G20 (Group of 20) after it took over from Japan. The G20 summit for 2020 will be held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia under the theme of “Realising Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”.

2.

Sanna Marin has been elected as the Prime Minister of Finland. She became the world's youngest Prime Minister ever.

3.

Mongla & Chattogram declared as Ports of Call under “Coastal Shipping Agreement” between India & Bangladesh.

4.

On December 11, 2019 The South Pacific region of Bougainville was voted to become the world’s newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea.

5.

2019 UK general elections: British PM Boris Johnson attains historic victory; 15 Indian Origins elected.

6.

Portugal is to launch a Gandhi Citizenship Education Prize with an aim to promote Mahatma Gandhi's ideals.

7.

On December 22, 2019, 8 West African Nations agreed to rename their common currency known as “CFA Franc” to “Eco” to severe the CFA franc’s links to former colonial ruler France. This announcement in change to a new currency was made during French President Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron’s visit to Ivory Coast, which is France’s former main colony in West Africa and also the world’s top cocoa producer. The 8 countries are Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.

8.

On December 22, 2019, The United States (US) President Donald Trump has officially launched “US space force (USSF)”, the 1st new US military service in more than 70 years focusing on warfare in space.

9.

On December 22, 2019, Manuel Marrero Cruz has become the first PM of Cuba since 1976. He was appointed by Cuba's President Miguel Diaz-Canel. Fidel Castro (Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) was the Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976, when a new constitution changed his title to President and the post of the PM was eliminated.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises reported that Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises sector has contributed over 29% of Gross domestic product (GDP) and over 49% of Indian exports.

2.

The Reserve Bank of India announced round-the-clock transactions will be allowed 24×7 facility under the National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) system on all days including weekends and holidays from December 16.

3.

The Kerala Bank, the biggest in the State, was launched by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan on 6 December 2019. Under this, 13 district co-operative banks (DCBs) of Kerala were amalgamated with Kerala State Co-operative Bank to form the Kerala Bank.

4.

On December 5, 2019, The 15th Finance Commission headed by economist & former Indian Administrative Service officer (IAS) Shri Nand Kishore (NK) Singh has submitted its report for the financial year (FY) 2020-21 to President Ram Nath Kovind.

5.

Edelweiss AMC launches India’s 1st corporate bond called ‘Bharat Bond ETF’.

6.

On December 16, 2019, According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor Shaktikanta Das, the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), an umbrella organisation works under RBI for operating retail payments, has set up a subsidiary to take the Unified Payment Interface (UPI) model to other countries.

7.

Commerce ministry set up Tripura’s 1st SEZ at Paschim Jalefa, Sabroom.

8.

In a first, RBI brings US-style ‘operation twist’ to reduce long-term interest rates.

9.

On December 24, 2019, India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has released the report on “Trend and Progress of Banking in India 2018-19”. Important point from the report - 'Greenwashing' - false claims of environmental compliance, plurality of green loan definitions, and mismatches of maturity between long-term green investment & relatively short-term interests of investors.

10.

BHEL commissioned India’s 1st lignite-based 500 MW thermal unit in TN.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE & EDUCATION

1.

Hornbill festival began in Nagaland on December 1.

2.

Operation Clean Art: operation to crackdown illegal trade in mongoose hair launched.

3.

Bollywood actor Shilpa Shetty’s fitness app “Shilpa Shetty App” has been awarded Google Play’s Best Apps of 2019. The app was awarded in the category of ‘Personal Growth’.

4.

Israeli students launch self-made satellite from Sriharikota on 11 December.

5.

World’s First fully electric commercial Seaplane takes test flight in Canada.

6.

On December 11, 2019, The US (United States) Congress has approved to designate India’s Indigenously developed satellite navigation system, NAVIC (NAVigation with Indian Constellation) as “allied” navigational satellite system along with the Galileo of the European Union and QZSS (Quasi-Zenith Satellite System) of Japan.

7.

2000 years old famous Thai massage included in UNESCO heritage list.

8.

UNESCO removes Belgium’s ‘Carnival of Aalst’ from Intangible Cultural Heritage List.

9.

Japan launches world’s 1st liquid hydrogen transport ship, ‘Suiso frontier’.

10.

World’s Deepest land canyon discovered under Denman glacier in Antarctica.

11.

Ethiopia launched its first satellite. It is a landmark achievement for the country's space program that caps a banner year for the African space industry. The Ethiopian Remote Sensing Satellite (ETRSS) took place at a space station in China.

12.

Typhoon Phanfone also known as Typhoon Ursula battered the central Philippines.

13.

On 27th December 2019, China launched its heaviest and most advanced communications satellite, Shijian-20 (means “Practice”) by its largest new carrier rocket Long March-5 (also known as CZ-5) from Wenchang Space Launch Center (WSLC) in south China’s Hainan Province.

14.

Losar Festival (Ladakhi New Year) celebrated in UT of Ladakh.

15.

16th ISFR-2019 by FSI released in New Delhi; Total forest & tree Cover rises to 24.56%.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery observed on December 2, 2019.

2.

World Computer Literacy Day observed on December 2, 2019.

3.

International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) observed on December 3 2019.

4.

Human Rights Day is observed on 10 December every year. Theme: The theme of the 2019 Human Rights Day is Youth Standing Up for Human Rights.

5.

UN designates May 21 as International Tea Day accepting India’s recommendation.

6.

National Consumer Rights Day 2019 is observed on December 24th.

DEFENCE

1.

India-Sri Lanka joint military & Army exercise “MITRA SHAKTI 2019” begins in Pune, Maharashtra.

2.

India-China army joint training exercise ‘HAND-IN-HAND 2019’ was held from Dec 7-20, 2019 in Meghalaya.

3.

Exercise INDRA 2019 a joint, tri-services exercise between India and Russia will be conducted in India from 10-19 December 2019 simultaneously at Babina (near Jhansi), Pune, and Goa.

4.

India signed an agreement with Russia last year to purchase the S-400 missile defence system. The experts of US region said that the S-400 missile deal can attract sanctions under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) law that restricts defence purchases from Russia, Iran and North Korea.

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

India defeated Pakistan in Davis Cup tie for 2020 held in Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.

2.

Ballon d’Or award 2019: Messi wins 6th Ballon d’Or, Rapinoe wins in women’s category.

3.

Swiss player Roger Federer becomes the 1st living Swiss to have his image engraved in the Swiss coin.

4.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned Russia for a four-year term from all major sporting events.

5.

Wasim Jaffer, (41) from Maharashtra becomes the first Indian Cricketer to play 150 Ranji Matches.

6.

G S Lakshmi (51) becomes first woman Referee in Men’s ODI match.

7.

Pakistan Cricketer Abid Ali became the first to score hundreds on both test and ODI debut.

8.

Ellyse Perry was named as women's Best cricketer and ODI player of 2019. The announcement was made by the world governing body International Cricket Council (ICC).

9.

Belgium retained the FIFA Team of the Year title for 2019 for 2nd successive time.

10.

Liverpool win 16th FIFA club world cup 2019 final for the 1st time in Doha, Qatar.

11.

Krishnamachari Srikkanth, Anjum Chopra to receive BCCI’s CK Nayudu Lifetime Achievement Award for the year 2019.

12.

Koneru Humpy won the World Rapid Chess title in Russia.

 

November 2019

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

Odisha govt. partnered with Abhijit Banerjee’s Jameel Poverty Action Lab to minimise poverty.

2.

On November 18, 2019 the central govt. has banned Meghalaya based insurgent group “Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council” (HNLC) due to its increased activities of violence and other subversive acts.

3.

The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has estimated the cost for the Census 2021 to be around Rs.8,754 crore.

4.

Road transport ministry releases “Road Accidents in India-2018” report: UP records highest no. of deaths, Tamil Nadu tops in no. of accidents.

5.

Haryana to set up Foreign Cooperation Department for NRI/PIO welfare.

6.

The Industrial Relations Code, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Labour and Employment, Mr. Santosh Kumar Gangwar, on November 28, 2019. It seeks to replace three labour laws: (i) the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, (ii) the Trade Unions Act, 1926, and (iii) the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.

7.

Centre introduces bill to merge Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in Lok Sabha. The country currently nine Union Territories after the creation of the UTs of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UTs will come down to eight. Headquarters of the new UT will be at Silvassa.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

Hindi writer Leeladhar Jagoori conferred with 28th Vyas Samman for 2018, in New Delhi.

2.

On October 30, 2019, Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg (16) has refused to accept an environmental award 2019, saying that the climate campaign requires that, those in power start following ‘science’ rather than giving the award.

3.

The Press Council of India (PCI) presented the National Awards for Excellence in Journalism, 2019, on 6 November 2019. Chairman of Rajasthan Patrika Pvt. Limited Ghulab Kothari won the Raja Ram Mohan Roy award. He was awarded for his contribution to journalism.

4.

Renowned naturalist and broadcaster Sir David Attenborough is to be conferred the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament, and Development for 2019.

5.

NTPC won the 2019 ‘Golden Peacock Award for Sustainability’ award.

6.

Virat Kohli wins PETA India’s ‘Person of the Year for 2019’.

7.

Tobacco Board of India received the 2019 Golden Leaf Award.

8.

Greta Thunberg, the Swedish teen activist, was awarded an International Children's Peace Prize. The award recognized her work in the struggle against climate change. It had resonated with school children across the world. The 15-year-old Divina Maloum, Cameroonian peace activist, also received the International Children's Peace Prize. Maloum was awarded her prize for her fight against the Boko Haram jihadist group.

9.

Chitharesh Natesan became first Indian to win ‘Mr Universe 2019’.

10.

Indian journalist Neha Dixit is one of the Winners of the 29th International Press Freedom Awards 2019.

12.

Malayalam poet Akkitham Achuthan Namboodiri has been chosen as the recipient of the 55th Jnanpith Award.

13.

NDTV won International Press Institute India award.

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

On November 1, 2019, Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer Girish Chandra Murmu took oath as the 1st lieutenant governor of the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir & Radha Krishna Mathur was sworn in as the 1st Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Ladakh.

2.

Former Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) T.N Seshan passed away. He served as the tenth Chief Election Commissioner of India (CEC) from 12 December 1990 to 11 December 1996. He is known for enforcing the model code of conduct. He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1996 for his service to the government.

3.

Nita Ambani becomes the 1st Indian trustee of New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.

4.

Fortune’s businessperson of the year 2019 – Topper Satya Nadella.

5.

Anita Anand first Hindu to be appointed cabinet minister in Canada.

6.

‘The Third Pillar’ – a business book written by Raghuram Govind Rajan former 23rd Governor of RBI.

7.

IAS officer Suman Billa designated as director of United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO). It’s headquarter is at Madrid, Spain.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

The 35th ASEAN Summit began in Bangkok, Thailand, from 1-4 November 2019. The four-day summit will hold the East Asia Summit (EAS) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Summit (RCEP).

2.

On November 1, 2019, The Spanish government confirmed that it has offered to host the 2019 United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference (also known as Conference of the Parties (COP) 25 climate summit 2019) in Madrid on the original scheduled dates of December 2-13, 2019. Previously this conference was to be held in Chile but in view of the anti-government protest in Santiago, there will no longer be a conference held in Chile.

3.

The United Nations (UN) Climate Action Summit 2019 was held in the General Assembly Hall of the UN Headquarters in New York, United States on September 23, 2019.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was conferred with the prestigious ‘Vaccine Hero’ award 2019 in recognition of the country’s outstanding success in vaccination

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with UN chief Antonio Guterres and other world leaders, inaugurated the 50-kilowatt Gandhi Solar Park and Gandhi Peace Garden at the UN Headquarters, New York. It is funded by India at a cost of 1 million dollars.

4.

Vigyan Samagam, India's first-ever global Mega-Science exhibition, was inaugurated at the Science City in Kolkata, West Bengal, on 4 November 2019.

5.

The Freedom House released its Freedom on the Net (FoTN) report for the year 2019. The title of the report is The Crisis of Social Media. The international internet rights group said that China was ranked as the world's worst abuser of internet freedom for the fourth consecutive year. India was declared partly free in its internet freedom status.

6.

The 11th BRICS Summit will convene in Brasília, Brazilon the theme, ‘BRICS: Economic Growth for an Innovative Future’. The next BRICS Summit 2020 will ve convened at St. Petersburg, Russia.

7.

Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) plenary session conducted in New Delhi.

8.

The first ever Global Bio-India Summit was held in New Delhi from November 21-23, 2019.

9.

Delhi becomes 1st in India to host 10th Commonwealth Youth Parliament.

10.

40th UNESCO General Conference held in Paris, France from Nov 12-27 2019.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

India has denied joining the mega Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement as RCEP failed to address the negotiations raised by India.

2.

Nepal formally protested over the inclusion of the region of Kalapani in the new political map of India.

3.

Mahinda Rajapaksa has been sworn in as the Prime Minister on 21 November. Newly-elected Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa named Mahinda Rajapaksa, his brother, as the Prime minister of Sri Lanka. He was sworn in after the resignation of Ranil Wickremesinghe.

4.

China has overtaken the United States as the country with the most diplomatic posts across the world. India ranked 12th in the diplomatic sweepstakes in the report. Report highlights: China now has 276 diplomatic posts globally whereas the US holds 273 diplomatic posts.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

On November 4 2019, According to International Monetary Fund (IMF), Guyana’s GDP is expected to grow at 86% in 2020 after expanding 4.4% in 2019.This growth expectation had done after Exxon Mobil Corp.’s discovery of oil at Guyana. The Guyana’s economy will grow more than three times within five years.

2.

First-ever movement of container cargo on Brahmaputra River announced from Haldia Dock Complex (HDC), West Bengal to the Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) terminal in Pandu, Guwahati, in the river Brahmaputra.

3.

The Central government has announced a fund of Rs.25,000 crore for the stalled real estate or housing projects across the country. The government will infuse Rs.10,000 crore into an Alternative Investment Fund (AIF). Apart from this, the State Bank of India (SBI) and Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) will contribute Rs.15,000 crore along with the government's fund.

4.

World’s first CNG terminal to be built in Bhavnagar port, Gujarat.

5.

World Bank announced that it is to fund $300 million to the West Bengal State government. The announcement was made by the West Bengal Finance Minister Amit Mitra. The fund will be used for the development of logistics infrastructure within the city metropolitan area.

6.

On November 14, 2019 India, China and Russia have partnered together to explore an alternative to the SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) payment mechanism in-order to smoothen the trade with countries that face American sanctions.

7.

Tourism ministry: Bangladesh topped foreign tourist visits to India 2018, TN had most visits.

8.

RIL became 1st Indian Firm to hit Rs 10 Lakh crore Market-Capitalisation.

9.

DHFL becomes the first financial services firm to be taken to National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & EDUCATION

1.

Researchers at IIT Hyderabad developed the world's first-ever Indian Brain Atlas. It defines a template for the brains of people living in the Indian subcontinent.

2.

Facebook owned messenger app, WhatsApp recently confirmed that Israeli based NSO group, used a spyware called ‘Pegasus’ in WhatsApp to spy on govt. officials, journalists and activists globally, mainly Indians.

3.

On November 5, 2019 China has launched the first ever satellite of Northeast African country Sudan, named the Sudan Remote Sensing Satellite, SRSS-1.

4.

On November 9, 2019, Cyclone Bulbul, which rose in the Bay of Bengal, hit the coast in the Sagar Islands of West Bengal, Bhadrak in Odisha and Khepupara in Bangladesh.  The center of the storm was northwest of the Bay of Bengal, 95 km east-northeast of Paradip (Odisha) with winds speeds crossing over 100 kmph. The cyclone was tracked by the Doppler Weather Radars in West Bengal.

5.

India’s first Signal Fish “Pteropsaron indicum” found in Kerala.

6.

Darjeeling green and white teas have received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag for the domestic market.

7.

Pakistan becomes the 1st country to launch new typhoid vaccine approved by WHO.

8.

NDv2: NVIDIA’s World’s largest GPU-accelerated cloud-based supercomputer.

9.

On November 21, 2019, The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh confirmed Avian botulism is the reason behind the mass mortality of 18,000 migratory birds from Northern Asia, at Sambhar Lake in Rajasthan. Botulism is a natural toxin produced by bacterial strain which affects the nervous system of birds, leading to paralysis in their legs and wings, Avian botulism is also known as Clostridium botulin which is commonly found in the soil, river, and seawater.

10.

Oxford Names Climate Emergency Its 2019 Word of the Year.          

11.

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the establishment of the National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa in Leh as an autonomous organization under the Ministry of AYUSH. Sowa-Rigpa is a traditional Tibetan system of medicine practiced in India. It is popular in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal's Darjeeling, and Himachal Pradesh. The theory and practices of Sowa Rigpa are similar to that of Ayurveda and include a few principles of the traditional Chinese system of medicine. The fundamental textbook 'Rgyud-Bzi' of Sowa Rigpa is believed to have been taught by Buddha himself and is closely linked with Buddhist philosophy.

12.

Central Govt launches Sameer app to calculate AQI (Air Quality Index).

13.

Researchers discovered earth’s most uninhabitable place-Dallol Geothermal Field, Ethiopia.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

The National Education Day is observed annually on November 11 commemorating the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education minister of India (1947-1958).

2.

World Diabetes Day (WDD) observed on 14 November, 2019.

3.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women observed on November 25th.

DEFENCE

1.

India and Saudi Arabia will conduct their first-ever joint naval exercises in the first week of March next year, as the two sides agreed to enhance their cooperation in defence and security areas. The exercise will strengthen the position of the Indian Navy that spans from the Strait of Malacca to the Straits of Hormuz.

2.

The Bilateral Maritime Exercise Za’ir-Al-Bahr 'Roar of the Sea' between the Indian Navy and Qatari Emiri Naval Forces is being conducted from 17-21 November 2019 in Doha, Qatar.

3.

Lieutenant Shivangi has named as the First woman pilot of Indian Navy.

4.

General Bipin Rawat set to be first Chief of Defence Staff.

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Lewis Hamilton won 6th F1 World Championship title.

2.

Rohit Sharma became the first Indian man and second in world cricket to complete 100 T-20 Internationals.

3.

2nd edition of joint naval exercise “Samudra Shakti 2019” between India & Indonesia held in Bay of Bengal.

4.

Luka Modric becomes the first Croatian to win prestigious ‘Golden Foot’ award 2019.

5.

Indian boxer Sarita Devi elected as a member of AIBA’s 1st ever athletes commission.

6.

On November 17, 2019, the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has officially changed its name to “World Athletics”. The name was changed to make the sport more accessible.

7.

World number one Rafael Nadal won sixth Davis Cup title for Spain. He defeated Denis Shapovalov of Canada in Madrid.

 

October 2019

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

Piyush Goyal-led Railway Ministry has released the Station Cleanliness Survey 2019 that ranks the cleanest railway stations in India. Jaipur station of Rajasthan has topped the list of cleanest railway stations in India.

2.

Centre has amended the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 that allows the Octagenarians (senior citizens above 80 years of age), absentee voters engaged in essential services, and persons with disabilities (PWD) in the absentee voter list to cast their votes through postal ballot

3.

The GOI has announced its plan to create a 1400km-long and 5km wide green belt from Gujarat to the Delhi-Haryana border. The wall will help to combat the growing challenge of land degradation across the Thar Desert and the Aravalis.

4.

The government is to introduce POSHAN atlas under POSHAN Abhiyan, a mission introduced to ensure the attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022. The government is developing the Atlas to map the crops and food grains that are grown in different regions of the country so that nutritious protein-rich food in local areas can be promoted.

5.

Chhattisgarh State government has launched India's first-of-its-kind Garbage Cafe in Ambikapur. The Garbage Cafe will provide food to the citizens in exchange for plastic waste. Note: Ambikapur is Chhattisgarh’s first dustbin-free city.

6.

The government launched the Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) scheme. Under the under which pregnant women, mothers up to 6 months after delivery, and all sick newborns will be able to avail free healthcare benefits.

7.

The West Bengal government has taken the initiative to set up a Kanyashree University in Nadia district and Kanyashree colleges across the state. They laid the foundation stone of the new university at Krishnanagar in Nadia district in January.

8.

The policy think tank of the Indian government NITI Aayog has decided to create Exclusive Education Zone (EEZ), an action plan to make India an education hub to attract 2 lakh foreign students annually from 2023.

9.

The central government launched Indradhanush-2 to cover low immunization pockets.

10.

The Union government plans to make Ladakh the first Indian union territory (UT) to run entirely on renewable energy.

11.

Odisha launched Meal in exchange for plastic waste initiative.

12.

TN became the first state to enact a law on contract farming.

13.

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released the list of states with the most number of crimes against women for the year 2017. Uttar Pradesh topped the list, and Assam registered the highest total rate of crime against women.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

IFS officer Ramesh Pandey to receive Asia Environmental Enforcement Award.

2.

IIT Bombay topped the 2020 QS India University Rankings.

3.

Margaret Atwood and Bernardine Evaristo have been announced as the joint winners of the 2019 Booker Prize. This is the first time joint winners are announced.

4.

The European Union (EU) Parliament awarded the ‘Sakharov Prize for Human Rights’ to Uighur intellectual Ilham Tohti (49), who has been jailed and sentenced to life imprisonment in China for “separatism”. The award was announced by European Parliament head David Sassoli, who also urged China to immediately release Ilham Tohti as well as called for the respect of minority rights in China.

5.

Complete list of 2019 Nobel Prize winners announced.

Category

Winners

Work

Medicine

William Kaelin

Gregg Semenza

Peter Ratclife

Discoveries on how cell sense and adapt to oxygen availability.

Chemistry

John B Goodenough

Stanley Whittingham

Akira Yoshino

Developing the lithium-ion battries.

Physics

James Peebles

Michel Mayor

Didier Queloz

Theoretical discoveries of how the univers evolved after the Big Bang

Literature

Olga Tokarczuk (for 2018)

For a narrative imagination that with encyclopaedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life

Peter Handke

For linguistic ingenuity that has explored the periphery and specificity of human experience

Peace

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed

Ended 20 vyears of hostility with neighbouring Eritrea

Economics

Abhijit Banerjee

Esther Duflo

Michael Kremer

Experimetal approach to alleviating global poverty

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

Economist Surjit Bhalla is to be appointed as the representative of India in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a tenure of three years. 

2.

Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde (aged 63) was appointed as 47th Chief Justice of India (CJI). 

3.

Radha Krishna Mathur took oath as the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory (UT) of Ladakh. The UT of Ladakh came into being on 30 October after the centre's decision to end special status to J&K and split it into two union territories.

4.

Rafael Mariano Grossi of Argentina has been appointed as the new Director General of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a United Nations’ nuclear watchdog.

5.

Alice Walton topped as the richest woman in the world in the Forbes 400 list.

6.

Kavitha Gopal created history by becoming the first girl student of the Indian Institute Technology-Madras (IIT-M) to win the President of India Prize 2019. This is the first time a girl student has won the award in 60 years. So far, only male students had won the prize at the institute. 

7.

Rajnish Kumar, Head of the State Bank of India (SBI), has been elected as the chairman of the banking industry lobby Indian Banks Association (IBA) for fiscal 2019-20.

8.

The Central government has proposed the Governor of Union Territory (UT) of J&K Satya Pal Malik as the new lieutenant governor of J&K.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

India ranked 68th in the 2019 Global Competitiveness Index.

2.

For the first time, India is hosting the Global Bio-India 2019 summit.

3.

India ranked 102nd in 2019 on the Global Hunger Index (GHI). It had slipped from 95th rank in 2010. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019 was jointly prepared by Concern Worldwide, an Irish aid agency, and Welt Hunger Hilfe, a German organization.

4.

NITI Aayog launches India Innovation Index 2019: Karnataka tops the Index.

5.

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit was held between 25 October and 26 October 2019 in Baku, Azerbaijan.

6.

India was ranked 63rd in World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business ranking released on October 24, 2019.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

Ecuador has announced that it is to leave OPEC, the 14-nation bloc, from 1 January 2020. The move is based on the issues and internal challenges that the country must take on related to fiscal sustainability.

2.

Lebanon’s Prime Minister Saad Hariri submitted his resignation on 29 October.

3.

Singapore imposed a ban ads for the sugary drinks in its latest move to combat rising diabetes rates. It became the first country in the world to ban such ads.

4.

Kartarpur Corridor agreement: - Under the historic this agreement signed between India and Pakistan on 24 October 2019, the pilgrims coming from India for one day would not require visa but they can only visit Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur, also called Kartarpur Sahib. On 9 November 2019 .Prime Minister damodar das will inaugurate the Indian side of Kartarpur corridor. The Indian pilgrims will have to obtain a visa for touring other holy sites in Pakistan. However, the pilgrims coming from other countries will need a visa and will be free to visit other religious places.

5.

Saudi Arabia announced that it will allow women in the kingdom to serve in the armed forces.

6.

Union Govt may restrict palm oil import from Malaysia over Kashmir stand.

7.

Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena inaugurated the country's third international airport. The inaugural flight from Chennai is the first to land at the new international airport in Jaffna. The Jaffna International Airport was earlier known as Palaly airport.

8.

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) approved the addition of Venezuela to its 47-member UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC).

9.

The international terror financing watchdog, Financial Action Task Force (FATF), removed Sri Lanka from the Grey List. The decision was made in the five-day plenary concluded in Paris 25 October 2019.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

Ethereum Foundation is the first contributor to the UNICEF Cryptocurrency Fund.

2.

Google Arts & Culture’s project ‘Crafted in India’ [the largest online exhibition on Indian Crafts] was unveiled.

3.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) partnered with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (Ficci) to promote Udyam Saathi and Udyam Sakhi initiatives in order to foster the MSME sector.

4.

The Cabinet has approved a new process of strategic disinvestment with a view to expediting the privatization of select Public sector undertakings (PSUs). Under the new policy, the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) has been made the nodal department for the strategic stake sale. DIPAM functions under the Ministry of Finance.

5.

Bandhan Bank and Gruh Finance to merge on 17 October.

6.

Mumbai 12th wealthiest city in the world New york won 1st place with 65 billionaires.

7.

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been selected as the overall most outstanding company in India's IT services sector in Asiamoney's 2019 outstanding companies’ poll.

8.

ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) has discovered oil in its onshore exploration block CPO-5, Colombia, in the Llanos Basin. It also discovered major gas in the deep offshore exploration block BM-SEAL-4, Brazil, in the Sergipe Alagoas Basin.

9.

National carrier Air India (AI) became the first airline in the world to use a TaxiBot on an Airbus A320 aircraft operating a commercial flight with passengers on-board.

10.

Government of India has accorded ‘Maharatna’ status to public sector undertaking’s (PSU’s) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and Power Grid Corporation. These orders were issued by Department of Public Enterprises, under Union Ministry of Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & EDUCATION

1.

Scientists have accidentally discovered ‘the footprints of a monstrous galaxy’ being called as ‘Cosmic Yeti’ in early universe that has never been seen before.

2.

Center launched the ‘Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information’ (GEMINI) device for fishermen. It will provide information of Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ), emergency information, disaster warnings and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.

3.

IIT-Madras has developed Eye in the Sky, an Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer vision-based technology. It is used for disaster management and aid services. The technology utilizes drones with swarm intelligence for collecting data and analyzing it in real-time.

4.

Researchers at Shiv Nadar University have discovered two strains of plastic-eating bacteria from the wetlands of Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It is believed that this eco-friendly alternative might be used as a clean-up method for plastic waste worldwide.  The name of the species are-
Exiguobacterium sibiricum strain DR11 
Exiguobacterium undae strain DR14

5.

Scientists have constructed the face of the Indus Valley people. They applied the craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) technique using computed tomography (CT) data of 2 of the Rakhigarhi skulls buried 4,500-year-old ago.

6.

Vishnu Nandan, polar researcher from Kerala will join largest ever Arctic expedition “MOSAiC Expedition“. He will be the only Indian aboard among the 300 researchers for multidisciplinary drifting observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate expedition.

7.

NASA Launches Long-Delayed ICON (Ionospheric Connection Explorer) Space Weather Satellite to Study Earth's Ionosphere.

8.

Multinational pharmaceutical company Mylan in collaboration with Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) is to launch Pretomanid, a medicine used to treat drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB).

9.

Keneseth Eliyahoo Synagogue at Kala Ghoda, Gloria Church in Byculla, and Flora Fountain, three-city landmarks, of Mumbai won the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation for the year 2019. 

10.

The Indian Space Agency, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is currently developing a space program for Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLV). Aim: The RLV program aims to reduce the launch costs by, well, reusing the spacecraft. 

11.

Two NASA astronauts, Christina Koch and Jessica Meir, set history by performing an all-female spacewalk on 18 October.

12.

Abu Dhabi archaeologists discovered the oldest known natural pearl in the world while working at a Neolithic site on Marawah Island, the coast of Abu Dhabi. The Pearl was found below layers that have been radiocarbon dated to 5,800-5,600 BCE, during the Neolithic period. The discovery of the oldest pearl is proof that pearls and oysters were being used in the UAE nearly 8,000 years ago.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October. The day is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

2.

Since 2014, to tribute Sardar Vallabhai Patel, October 31 (his birth anniversary) is being observed as the National Unity Day or Ekta Diwas. The aim of the observation is to encourage people from all walks of life to participate in the run for unity. Like every year “Run for Unity” campaign is being organized at statue of unity.

3.

National Postal Day is celebrated in India on 10 October & World Post Day is celebrated on 9 October every year.

4.

International Day of the Girl Child is globally observed on 11 October every year. The theme for the year 2019 is Girl Force: Unscripted and Unstoppable.

5.

The International United Nations day is observed on 24 October 2019.

6.

15 October is celebrated as the World Students' Day every year. The day marks the birth anniversary of the former Indian President and great scientist, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

7.

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on 17 October every year. The theme for 2019 is Acting together to empower children, their families, and communities to end poverty. 

DEFENCE

1.

Exercise Shakti-2019, a bilateral exercise between the Indian Army and French Army, is to be held at the Foreign Training Node at Mahajan Field Firing Ranges in Rajasthan from 31 October to 13 November.

2.

The Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV, 14th edition of Indo–Mongolian joint military training has commenced from 6 October 2019 at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.

3.

The maiden naval bilateral exercise between India Navy (IN) and Bangladesh Navy (BN) is being held from 12 October to 16 October 2019 at Visakhapatnam, India.

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Annu Rani became the first Indian to qualify for the women's javelin throw final in World Athletics Championships.

2.

India got its first-ever Floating Basketball Court in the Arabian Sea near Bandra Worli Sealink. It was installed by the National Basketball Association on 2 October.

3.

Mithali Raj completed 20 years in international cricket [ODI]. She became the first-ever woman cricketer to achieve the milestone.

4.

Harmanpreet Kaur became the first Indian cricketer to play 100 Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is). Kaur achieved the milestone before MS Dhoni and Rohit Sharma, who has played 98 T20Is for India.

5.

Virat Kohli becomes first Indian to smash 40 international hundreds as Indian captain.

6.

Odisha sprinter Dutee Chand won the Vogue award for Sportsperson of the Year 2019.

7.

Praveen Kumar has scripted the history by becoming the first Indian man to win a gold medal at Wushu World Championships.

 

September 2019

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

Vaishno Devi Shrine in Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir won the Best Swachh Iconic Place in the country.

2.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana on the 12th of September at Ranchi, Jharkhand. The small and marginal farmers who are currently between the ages of 18 to 40 years can apply for the scheme.

3.

Maharashtra govt. to set up “Swachh Bharat World University” at Sevagram in wardha district of Maharashtra.

4.

Home Minister Amit Shah announced first ever “digital census” in 2021.

5.

Centre introduced a new scheme named ‘Assistance for Deep Sea Fishing’ for the fishermen in Tamil Nadu.

6.

Tribal Affairs Ministry inaugurates National Tribal Festival “Aadi Mahotsav 2019” in Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

1.

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has announced the Global Goalkeeper Award 2019 for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The award recognizes his goal-oriented venture plan Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

2.

Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg was named as one of four winners of the 2019 Right Livelihood Award. The award is also known as Sweden's alternative Nobel Prize.

3.

Telugu poet K Siva Reddy conferred the prestigious Saraswati Samman, 2018 for his collection of poems titled Pakkaki Ottigilite.

APPOINTMENTS & PERSONS IN NEWS

1.

On September 1, 2019, The Central Government has accepted the resignation of Anshula Kant, Managing Director (MD) of State Bank of India (SBI). This comes after her appointment as the MD and Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of World Bank Group.

2.

The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has released the book entitled ‘Rethinking Good Governance’ penned by former Comptroller Auditor General (CAG), Vinod Rai in New Delhi.

3.

Kristalina Georgieva has been appointed as new IMF Chief.

4.

Pandit Jasraj becomes first Indian Musician to have a minor planet 2006 VP32 named after him.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

The 23rd session of the United Nations World Tourism Organization’s (UNWTO) General Assembly for 2019 was held in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

2.

India with 17.5million international migrants, tops country of origin of international migrants in 2019 by UN’s ‘International Migrant Stock 2019’ report.

3.

The United Nations (UN) Climate Action Summit 2019 was held in the General Assembly Hall of the UN Headquarters in New York, United States on September 23, 2019.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was conferred with the prestigious ‘Vaccine Hero’ award 2019 in recognition of the country’s outstanding success in vaccination

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, along with UN chief Antonio Guterres and other world leaders, inaugurated the 50-kilowatt Gandhi Solar Park and Gandhi Peace Garden at the UN Headquarters, New York. It is funded by India at a cost of 1 million dollars.

4.

India ranks 44th in IMDs World Digital Competitiveness Rankings 2019.

5.

PM Modi attended the “Howdy, Modi” event at NRG stadium in Houston, Texas along with the US President Donald J Trump.

6.

PM addressed the 74th Edition of United Nations (UN) Climate Action Summit 2019 in New York, United States which was held under the theme “Climate Action Summit 2019: A Race We Can Win. A Race We Must Win”.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

On September 10, 2019, Prime Minister (PM) of India Shri Narendra Modi and PM of Nepal K.P. Sharma Oli jointly inaugurated South Asia’s first cross-border petroleum products pipeline of 69-km from Motihari in Bihar, India to Amlekhgunj in Nepal.

2.

In consonance with the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs), Kerala will set up India’s first International Women’s Trade Centre (iWTC) in Kozhikode to boost women entrepreneurship and secure gender parity.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

The government announced that the four major bank mergers. The merger of 10 public sector banks to be merged into four was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

After the merger, there will now be 12 public sector banks after the latest round of consolidation of PSU banks. In 2017, there were 27 public sector banks.

 

Banks to be merged under the scheme of amalgamation,

1) Indian Bank will be merged with Allahabad Bank. In this merger, anchor bank will be the Indian Bank

2) Punjab National Bank (PNB), Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC) and United Bank will be merged and PNB will be the anchor bank

3) Union Bank of India, Andhra Bank, and Corporation Bank are to be merged and the anchor bank will be Union Bank of India

4) Canara Bank and Syndicate Bank will be merged. Canara Bank will be the anchor bank

The first merger with PNB will create a banking total business of Rs.17.9 lakh crore. After this merging, PNB entity will have 11,437 branches.

In the second merger, Canara Bank will create the fourth-largest public sector lender with total business size of Rs.15.2 lakh crore and 9,609 branches.

2.

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology(MeitY) has signed a statement of intent with multinational technology company, Google for rolling out ‘Build for Digital India’ programme, which will provide engineering students with a platform to develop market-ready, technology-based solutions that deals with key social challenges.

3.

ICICI becomes the country’s first bank to deploy ‘Robotic Arms’ for counting currency at its chests.

4.

‘Samudrayaan’- deep ocean mining project to be undertaken by India.

5.

Ministry of Commerce & Industry released the summary of the Index of Eight Core Industries with the base 2011-12. Among the total Index of Industrial Production (IIP), the 8 core industries comprise of 40.27% of the weight of items. The Eight Core Industries are crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas, electricity, steel, refinery products, and fertilizers.

6.

The Country’s central bank, Reserve Bank of India(RBI)  has asked banks to link all new types of floating-rate loans (home, auto loans & and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME)) to external benchmark like repo rate from October 1, 2019.

7.

Singapore emerged as the largest source of FDI in India during April-June 2019-20 with $5.33 billion investment.

8.

The US has topped as the world's top oil exporter. The country defeated Saudi Arabia and Russia.

9.

The Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) has released a new Export Credit Insurance Scheme (ECIS) called NIRVIK (Niryat Rin Vikash Yojana) to ease the lending of loan to exporters so that they can get loans easily from banks.

10.

On September 18, 2019 the NTPC ltd (formerly National Thermal Power Corporation Limited) announced to set up a 5GW (gigawatt) solar national park in Gujarat and is also expected to be the biggest in the country.

11.

Thomas Cook 178-year-old UK based travel firm collapses.

12.

The Reserve Bank of India restricted on the amount depositors of Mumbai-based Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative Bank (PMC Bank) can withdraw from their accounts with the urban co-operative bank.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & EDUCATION

1.

On September 5, 2019, An Event Horizon Telescope Team consisting of 347 scientists who produced the world’s first image of a black hole were felicitated with Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. It is known as the “Oscars of science”.

2.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has joined hands with American multinational technology company, Microsoft to incorporate cloud-based technology in high school teachers’ capacity building programs and teaching.

3.

On September 3, 2019, India has been declared free from H5N1 avian influenza (commonly known as bird flu) by OIE (Office International des Epizooties)-World Organisation for Animal Health.

4.

For the first time ever the NASA astronomers have discovered water in the atmosphere of a planet named K2-18b. The researcher said that the planet has earth-like temperatures which can support life.

5.

Ladakhi Shondol dance, the royal dance of Ladakh creates history by entering into the Guinness book of world records.

6.

ISRO initiated ‘Project NETRA’- A space situational awareness step to detect debris and other hazards to Indian satellites.

7.

On September 27, 2019 Geologists under the principal researcher Douwe van Hinsbergen, Professor at Utrecht University, Netherlands, have discovered a new continent named “Greater Adria” in the Mediterranean region under Europe, after successful analysation of mountain ranges from Spain to Iran in detail for 10 years. The discovery of this continent is published in the journal ‘Gondwana Research’.

8.

The State Government of Gujarat has launched India’s 1st trading program called “Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)” in Surat, Gujarat to combat particulate air pollution.

9.

West Bengal’s Midnapore railway station became the 5000th railway station to be Wi-fi enabled.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

The International Day of Charity is observed on 5 September across the world. The day is observed to commemorate the death anniversary of Mother Teresa.

2.

International Literacy Day (ILD) was observed on September 8, 2019, with the theme ‘Literacy and Multilingualism’.

3.

The International Day of Democracy is observed on 15 September.

4.

International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer or World ozone day observed on September 16.

5.

The International Day of Peace, also known as World Peace Day, is observed all over the world by the United Nations (UN) annually on 21st September. The theme of this Day for 2019 was ‘Climate Action for Peace’.

6.

International day for the total elimination of nuclear weapons 2019 observed on September 26.

DEFENCE

1.

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has received 8 US-made ‘Apache AH-64E’ fighter helicopters from US (United States) aerospace major Boeing at Airforce Station, Pathankot, Punjab.

2.

Anjali Singh became India's first female military diplomat to be posted in any of the Indian missions abroad.

3.

First edition of SITMEX- Trilateral Maritime exercise of Singapore, India and Thailand of 2019 begins in Port Blair.

4.

On September 25, 2019 the 23rd edition of the trilateral maritime exercise of India, Japan and the United States (US) named “Malabar 2019” exercise begun at Sasebo, Japan.

5.

The army chief general Bipin Rawat took over as the new Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC).

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Afghan Cricketer Rashid Khan has become the youngest ever captain in 142 years of Test cricket history.

2.

French footballer Eric Cantona felicitated with UEFA President Award 2019.

3.

Pankaj Advani wins IBSF World Billiards Championship 2019 title, becomes world champion for 22nd time.

4.

Rupa Gurunath, daughter of former BCCI chief N. Srinivasan elected unopposed as president of the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA), She is the first woman to head a state unit of the Indian Board.

5.

The Best FIFA Men’s Player - Lionel Messi (Argentina).

 

August 2019

GOVERNMENT SCHEME, POLICY & PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

1.

On August 1, 2019 West Bengal government launched an awareness campaign named ‘Save Green, Stay Clean’ for preserving the greenery and keeping the environment clean in the state.

2.

“J&K Reorganisation Bill 2019”: Union Government scrapped article 370 and 35A in J&K and passed a new bill named “J&K Reorganisation Bill 2019”.

3.

On National Sports Day (29th August), Prime Minister has launched the Fit India Movement at the Indira Gandhi Stadium Complex in New Delhi to make a ‘Fitter & Better India’.

4.

"One Nation One Ration Card" scheme to be rolled out in India from June 1, 2020.

5.

The Rajasthan Assembly passed Bills against mob lynching and honour killing.

6.

Maharashtra has launched a Mission ‘Shakti’ to train athletes from Chandrapur and Gadchiroli.

7.

Maharashtra became the first state to adopt a digital fingerprint and iris scanning system to aid police investigations.

8.

Secretariat building of Odisha will now be called “LOK SEVA BHAVAN”.

9.

Karnataka government has amended the Karnataka Poisons (Possession and Sale) Rules [2015] and notified Nicotine as "Class A poison".

10.

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu launched the Jharkhand government's 'Mukhya Mantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana' under which money would be directly transferred into the bank accounts of farmers in the state.

11.

Chief Minister of Punjab has launched a universal health insurance scheme "Sarbat Sehat Bima Yojana” benefiting nearly 46 lakh families. With this scheme, covering 76% of the state’s population.

12.

Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh launched the "School Fagadaba" scheme to improve the infrastructure of government schools in the state.

13.

Uttarakhand Government has decided to setup Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR).

14.

Union Ministry of Shipping has launched Biometric Seafarer Identity Document (BSID) to be issued for Indian seafarers. With this, India became world’s first country to launch facial biometric data-based identity document (ID) for seafarers.

15.

Celebrate September as Month of Nutrition: PM Modi. The month of September will be celebrated as ‘Poshan Abhiyaan’ across India.

16.

Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan inaugurated regulator Food Safety and Standard Authority of India’s (FSSAI) National Food Laboratory (NFL) in Ghaziabad.

17.

RK Singh, Union Minister of State for Power and New & Renewable Energy (IC) launched SARAL-State Rooftop Solar Attractiveness Index during Review Planning and Monitoring (RPM) Meeting with States and State Power Utilities, held in New Delhi. SARAL evaluates Indian states based on their attractiveness for rooftop development. Karnataka has been placed at 1st rank in Index followed by Telangana, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh which got 2nd, 3rd and 4th rank respectively.

18.

President inaugurates underground Bunker Museum at Raj Bhavan Mumbai.

19.

1st Central Institute of Chemical Engineering & Technology to be set up in Gujarat.

20.

Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare has rolled out registration for the PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana to provide old age pension cover to farmers.

21.

Lok Sabha passed Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 which seeks to prohibit discrimination against transgender persons, including in matters of employment. This bill lays emphasis on educating, skilling and making transgender employable.

22.

Lok Sabha passes The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019. The bill aims to ensure effective regulation of surrogacy, prohibit commercial surrogacy, and allow ethical surrogacy.

23.

After the suspension of annual Amarnath Yatra, ‘Machail Mata Yatra’ in Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) was suspended due to security reasons.

24.

Parliament has passed Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment (UAPA) Bill, 2019 to empower Central Government to designate an individual as a “terrorist”.

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENT

1.

NDTV journalist Ravish Kumar was awarded the 2019 Ramon Magsaysay Award (Asian version of the Nobel Prize).

2.

The 66th National Film awards have been announced by Rahul Rawail, head of the Jury for feature films. Best Feature Film - Hellaro (Gujarati Film)

3.

Shah Rukh Khan launched heritage postal stamp of Bandra station on the completion of 150 years of the railway station.

4.

Tamil Nadu government launched 24x7 education channel 'Kalvi Tholaikkatchi'

5.

Priya Priyadarshini Jain has been felicitated with the prestigious 'Indian Woman of Influence' award at the House of Lords, the United Kingdom Parliament, London.

6.

Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has been conferred King Hamad Order of the Renaissance by  Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa in Manama, capital of Bahrain.

7.

Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi was honoured with prestigious ‘Order of Zayed’, United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) highest civilian award at a ceremony held in Abu Dhabi (UAE Capital).

8.

ISRO Chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan, was awarded Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award by Tamil Nadu government.

9.

Virasat-e-Khalsa museum located in Anandpur Sahib town in Punjab is set to find a place in Asia Book of Records for becoming most visited museum in Asian sub-continent on a single day.

10.

President of India, Ram Nath Kovind, presented Bharat Ratna Awards to Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), Bhupendra Kumar Hazarika (posthumously) and Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

APPOINTMENT & PERSON IN NEWS

1.

Ajay Kumar Bhalla was appointed as the new Union Home Secretary. He replaces Rajiv Gauba.

2.

Girish Bapat has been appointed the chairman of the "Estimates Committee" of the parliament.

3.

Chandrima Shaha is set to be the 1st woman president of the Indian National Science Academy.

4.

“Obama: The Call of History” written by Peter Baker.

5.

Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj passed away. She was the 1st full time woman external affairs minister of India.

6.

Veteran actor Anupam Kher’s autobiography titled “Lessons Life Taught Me, Unknowingly” was launched at a special event at Consulate General of India in New York.

7.

Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury appointed as chairman of the Public Accounts Committee.

8.

Pune Lok Sabha member& BJP MP, Girish Bapat appointed as chairman of the estimates committee.

SUMMIT, REPORT & RANKING

1.

The Group of 7 or G7 Summit has begun in Biarritz, France. It is an informal meeting between France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada as well as the European Union. India has been invited as a special guest in the summit.

2.

The 12th India Security Summit was held in New Delhi. The theme of the summit was “Towards New National Cyber Security Strategy”.

3.

The 26th Ladakhi-Kisan-Jawan-Vigyan Mela was recently inaugurated by Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in Leh, Jammu and Kashmir.

4.

The 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP18) of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was recently held in Geneva, Switzerland.

5.

The 2019 Indo Pacific Chiefs of Defence (CHOD) Conference will be held in Thailand’s capital city Bangkok.

6.

Gujarat topped in 2017-18 in the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) report released by NITI Aayog.

7.

The first World Youth Conference for Kindness was recently held in New Delhi. It was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind. It was organised by UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP).

8.

BASIC countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) held their 28th Ministerial meeting on Climate Change recently in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It was held in the run-up to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) Conference of Parties (COP-25) meet scheduled to be held in December 2019.

9.

National Tribal Festival ‘Aadi Mahotsav’ being organised at Leh-Ladakh.

10.

10th Mekong Ganga Cooperation Ministerial meeting held in Bangkok.

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS

1.

Pakistan and China are conducting joint bilateral aerial exercise Shaheen VIII (Eagle VIII) in Chinese city of Holton.

2.

Russia launched world’s first floating nuclear reactor called Akademik Lomonosov, sending it on epic journey across the Arctic.

3.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched redevelopment project of the 200-year-old Sri Krishna temple in Manama, Bahrain.

4.

The Asia Pacific Group (APG) of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has put Pakistan in Enhanced Expedited Follow up List (Blacklist) for its failure to meet its standards.

5.

Iran unveiled its new home-grown air defence system called Bavar-373 during a ceremony held on Iran’s ‘National Defence Industry Day’.

6.

Papua New Guinea has highest number of ‘living’ indigenous languages (840) in world.

BANKING, BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

1.

Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced an amalgamation of 10 public sector banks into four banks. After the amalgamation, the total number of Public Sector Banks in the country will come down to 12 from 27 banks. Punjab National Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce and United Bank of India to be merged into one single bank, with business of Rs 7.95 trillion to make India’s 2nd largest bank.

2.

RBI allowed “Bank of China” to offer regular banking services in the country.

3.

SBI Shanghai branch is now connected to China’s National Advance Payment System (CNAPS).

4.

RBI has decided to set up a "Central Payment Fraud Registry" to track frauds in the payment systems.

5.

India’s forex reserves has reached the highest ever valuation of $430.57 billion.

6.

Canara Bank has launched India’s first OTP facility for ATM withdrawals.

7.

The Reserve Bank of India has given its approval to transfer a sum of Rs 1,76,051 crore to the Government of India.

8.

Union Minister Nitin Gadkari has announced that Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) is planning to launch Bharatcraft portal, a desi version e-commerce marketing platform.

9.

According to World Bank data survey, India slipped to the 7th position in the global GDP rankings in 2018.

ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & EDUCATION

1.

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) announced that a rural settlement had thrived at Bharati Huda in Jalalpur village in Odisha’s Cuttack district, about 3600 years ago.

2.

India is planning to launch its first Human Genome Mapping Project. The project involves scanning of 20,000 Indian genomes (in the next five years) to develop diagnostic tests and effective therapies for treating diseases such as cancer.

3.

Researchers from University of Warsaw released the most detailed three-dimensional map of the Milky Way. It has revealed that the Milky Way galaxy is not a flat disc but has a warped shape like a fascinator.

4.

5 New fish species discovered in Arunachal Pradesh. They are 1) Mystus prabini, 2) Exostoma kottelati, 3) Creteuchiloglanis tawangensis, 4) Garra ranganensis , 5) Physoschistura harkishorei.

5.

Panchamirtham (abhishega prasadam’ of the Murugan temple), Dindigul locks and Kandangi sarees of Tamilnadu state have received Geographical Indication (GI) tags. Tawlhlohpuan & Mizo Puanchei from Mizoram, and Tirur betel vine from Kerala has received the Geographical Indication tag.

6.

Russia launched life-size humanoid robot called Fedor (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research) to International Space Station (ISS). It is the first ever life-size humanoid robot sent into space by Russia. It was launched onboard of unmanned Soyuz MS-14 rocket from Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

7.

ISRO has set up a Space Situational Awareness Control Centre at Peenya in Bengaluru to protect high valued space assets from space debris close approaches and collisions.

8.

Mohali traffic police have launched 3-D Smart Traffic Signal devised by the students of a Chandigarh university.

9.

The scientists at the University of Leeds, have created the world's thinnest gold measuring 2 atoms thick or million times thinner than a fingernail.

10.

India is the world’s largest emitter of anthropogenic Sulphur-dioxide. According to an analysis of a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) data released by environmental NGO Greenpeace.

11.

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has declared Ocean Energy as renewable energy status.

12.

Iceland held funeral for Okjokull glacier, country’s 1st glacier lost to climate change.

13.

The Delhi and District Cricket Association (DDCA) decided to rename Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium as Arun Jaitley Stadium in the memory of its former president of DDCA.

14.

Peacock Parachute Spider: Rare tarantula sighted for first time.

15.

Five Girls from Amity International School in Noida, Uttar Pradesh developed a mobile application called ‘Maitri’ that connects children at orphanages with senior citizens in old-age homes. The innovation by this all girls team called “Tech Witches” fetched them a bronze medal at global tech competition called ‘Technovation Challenge’ held in San Francisco, United States.

16.

Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) has set up a waste plastic to diesel plant in Dehradun (capital of Uttarakhand) as a step towards ensuring freedom from plastic.

17.

United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved new drug-Pretomanid for treating drug resistant strain of Tuberculosis (TB). Pretomanid is novel compound developed by New York-based non-profit organisation TB Alliance.

18.

A rare variety of tea named ‘Golden Butterfly’ from Upper Assam’s Dikom Tea Estate set a new record on as it was auctioned for Rs.75,000 per kg at Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC).

19.

Newly discovered Kajin Sara Lake in Nepal is likely to set a new record of being the world’s highest lake.

20.

Quarter of India’s geographical area (24.49 %) is under forest and tree cover. Lowest forest and tree cover: It is in Haryana, at 6.79 % of its geographical area. Highest forest and tree cover: Union Territory of Lakshadweep has 97% of its geographical area followed by Mizoram (88.84%). Highest forest and tree cover (In terms of area): Madhya Pradesh has highest tree and forest cover in India in terms of geographical area.

21.

NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission has discovered GJ 357 d, a super-Earth planet located 31 light years away from our own solar system. Researchers claim that it is the first nearby “super-Earth” planet that could possibly support life as it orbit within its star’s “habitable zone or Goldilocks Zone”.

22.

According to recent study published in Threatened Taxa, tigers face glooming threat from Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) transmitted from CDV-infected dogs living in and around wildlife sanctuaries.

23.

A recent research paper has claimed that majority of Indus Valley inscriptions were written logographically (by using word signs) and not by using phonograms (speech sounds units). This paper titled Interrogating Indus inscription to unravel their mechanism of meaning conveyance was published in Palgrave Communications, a Nature group journal. It mainly focused on understanding how Indus inscriptions conveyed meanings, rather than on deciphering what they conveyed.

24.

To study the far galaxies, observe invisible things in the Universe, like dark matter, understand the star formation and understand the past NASA will use the natural phenomena of ‘GRAVITATIONAL LENSING’ (huge matter creates gravitational field that distort & magnify light). This program is called TEMPLATES (Targeting Extremely Magnified Panchromatic Lensed Arcs and Their Extended Star Formation).

25.

IIT Kharagpur have developed a low-cost diagnostic device which can perform various pathological tests by using blood taken from a fingerprick.

26.

Huawei unveiled its own operating system that is HongmengOS, also known as the HarmonyOS.

27.

Artificial intelligence (AI) company Cerebras Systems has unveiled the world’s largest single silicon-based processor named Cerebras Wafer Scale Engine (WSE). This chip has 1.2 trillion transistors.

IMPORTANT DAYS

1.

Sadbhavna Diwas: Birth anniversary of late Rajiv Gandhi celebrated.

2.

19 August: World Humanitarian Day.

3.

12 August: International Youth Day, Theme for this year is ‘Transforming education’.

DEFENCE

1.

The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) on August 4, 2019, successfully conducted the test-flight of Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles (QRSAM) from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur.

2.

India Meteorological Department (IMD) has handed over its Kochi Cyclone Detection Radar (CDR) building to Indian Navy.

3.

Indian Air Force’s (IAF) Wing Commander Shalija Dhami scripted history by becoming country’s 1st female officer to be appointed as flight commander of a flying unit.

4.

Union Ministry of Railways launched CORAS (Commando for Railway Security) of Indian Railways. It is separate Commando Unit of Railway Protection Force (RPF).

SPORTS & GAMES

1.

Soccer body CONMEBOL suspended Lionel Messi from international matches for three months because of accusations of corruption, he made at the latest Copa America.

2.

The 13th edition of ICC Cricket World Cup will be held in India from February 9 to March 26, 2023.

3.

Max Verstappen wins thrilling German GP after Lewis Hamilton error.

4.

Guwahati to be host 2020 Khelo India Youth Games.

5.

ICC launches Test championship, the 'World Cup' of red-ball cricket .The two-year affair comprises top nine Test teams, who will compete in 71 matches in 27 series from Aug. 2019 to June 2021.

6.

A policy that ensures transgender and gender diverse people can play cricket at the highest level in Australia has been announced by the sport’s national governing body.

7.

The World Archery (WA) has suspended the Archery Association of India for violating its guidelines.

8.

Aishwarya Pissay became the first Indian to claim a world title in motorsports, annexing the FIM World Cup in the women’s category after the final round of the championship in Hungary.

9.

Women’s cricket (t20) to be part of Birmingham CWG 2022, confirms CGF.

10.

Marnus Labuschagne becomes first 'concussion substitute' in Test history.

11.

In football, Gokulam Kerala FC won the 129th Durand Cup, defeating Mohun Bagan.

12.

BWF World Championships 2019: PV Sindhu became 1st Indian to win gold held in Basel, Switzerland.

13.

Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) agreed to come under the ambit of the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).

 

Fiscal stimulus packages announced by FM

FISCAL STIMULUS PACKAGE

By Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to address the ongoing economic crisis in India

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has been announcing a slew of measures since August 23 to reverse economic slowdown and revive economic growth by reviewing sector-specific solutions and targets.

MSME SECTOR

Main objective is to bring transparency and sort out liquidity deficiency in MSME Sector.

  1. All pending GST refunds to MSMEs will be sorted out within 30 days.
  2. All future GST refund issues will be sorted out within 60 days.
  3. Banks to issue One-time settlement plans for MSMEs.
  4. Recommendations of U K Sinha Committee regarding ease of credit, marketing, technology and delayed payments related challenges being faced by the MSME sector will be taken within 30 days.
  5. Banks will issue improved (one-time settlement) OTS policy to help MSME and retail borrowers settle their overdue.
  6. The RBI panel called for a Rs 5,000-crore stressed asset fund for MSMEs.
  7. Amendment to the MSME Act to move towards a single definition.

AUTOMOBILE SECTOR

  1. Additional 15% depreciation on vehicles.
  2. Deferment of one-time registration fee.
  3. Both Electric Vehicles (EVs) and Internal Combustion Vehicles (ICVs) will continued to be registered
  4. Lifting ban on the purchase of vehicles by government departments.
  5. The launch of a scrapping policy for old vehicles.
  6. BS-IV vehicles will remain operational for the entire period of registration if purchased on or before March 31, 2020.

EXPORT SECTOR & FOREIGN INVESTMENT

Main objective is to increase credit flow in export sector and boost foreign investment.

  1. Launch of a special free trade agreement (FTA) utilization mission.
  2. The new tax refund scheme, Remission of Duties or Taxes on Export Product (RoDTEP), will replace the current Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) on January 1, 2020.
  3. Priority sector status to exports by RBI to improve credit flow to the export sector.
  4. Constitution of inter-ministerial working group to see flow of finance in the export sector to find out where funds are clogged up.
  5. Annual Mega Festival from March, 2020, creating a mechanism to help exporters use free trade agreements to their advantage.
  6. Setting up of a working group on standards and enabling the handicraft industry to use e-commerce to boost their exports.
  7. Easing FDI rules in Single-brand retail & FDI Automatic Route in Contract Manufacturing and mining to encourage foreign investment.

HOUSING & REAL ESTATE

To boost housing & infra sector.

  1. Setting up of Category – II 'Alternative Investment Fund (AIF)’ of Rs 30,000 crore for ongoing housing projects out of which NHB will raised Rs. 20,000 crore.
  2. Interest rate on housing building advance will be lowered and linked to the 10-year G-sec yields.
  3. External commercial borrowing (ECB) guidelines will also be relaxed to help housing developers obtain overseas funds.

TAXATION MEASURE

Relaxation in taxation measure to encourage more investment; to gain the trust of corporate sector and to shed off the tag of ‘Tax Terrorism’.

  1. Rollback of the enhanced surcharge on long and short term capital gains.
  2. Withdrawal of 'Angel Tax' provisions for start-ups and FPIs.
  3. A dedicated cell at CBDT to address the tax problems of startups.
  4. Reduction in Corporate Tax rate from 30 per cent earlier to 22 per cent now. Inclusive of surcharge and education cess, the effective tax rate is down from 34.94 per cent to 25.17 per cent.
  5. The effective tax rate for new manufacturing firms will be 17.01% inclusive of surcharge and tax. This benefit is available to companies which do not avail any exemption/incentive and commences their production on or before 31st March, 2023. Also, such companies will not be required to pay Minimum Alternate Tax.
  6. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) also has been reduced from existing 18.5% to 15%.
  7. Reduction of GST returns and simplified forms soon and refund process is getting automatic.
  8. Introduction of fully automated electronic refund route for input-tax credits on the goods and services tax (GST).
  9. Revision of rate of GST on various goods & services at 37th GST Council Meeting.
  10. Faceless tax scrutiny from Vijay Dashami
  11. Pre-filing of income-tax to become a reality soon
  12. Risk-based approach is taken in dealing with tax payers
  13. Random tax assessment only in certain cases and Physical tax assessment only in random cases.
  14.  Issue of I-T orders, notices, summons etc. now shall go through a centralized system
  15. Violation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) obligations would not be treated as a criminal offence and only as a civil liability.

BANKING SECTOR

To enhance credit growth and correct the credit system in order to avoid NPAs.

  1. Consolidation of 10 PSBs into four.
  2. Priority sector status to exports by RBI.
  3. Upfront disbursement of Rs 70,000 crore to recapitalize banks.
  4. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) strengthened the government's ability to front-load public expenditure by handing over Rs 1.76 lakh crore as dividends and transfer of surplus reserves.
  5. Launching of external benchmark-linked/Repo-linked loan products. This will result in reduced EMI for housing loans, vehicles and other retail loans
  6. Simplification of KYC procedure for opening a Demat Account.
  7. Banks to issue improved, transparent processes for one-time loan settlementsBanks decided to transmit to the public any MCLR (Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate) rate cut in full.

 

July 2019

Government Scheme, Policy & Public Administration

1.

The Parliament passed The Special Economic Zones (Amendment) Bill, 2019 which became the first legislation to be passed by the newly constituted 17th Lok Sabha.

2.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan launched by the Central Government to create awareness on benefits of water conservation.

3.

The Government of Uttar Pradesh launched “Dastak Campaign” to eradicate deadly Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) disease.

4.

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has declared the entire state of Nagaland as “disturbed area” for six more months, with effect from June 30, 2019, till December 31, 2019, under the powers conferred by Section 3 of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA).

5.

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has operationalised the first Aadhaar Seva Kendra (ASK) in Delhi and Vijayawada.

6.

Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express to be first train operated by private players.

7.

The Government of India is implementing the ‘Swadhar Greh Scheme’ for the rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances so that they could lead their life with dignity.

8.

Meghalaya became the first Indian state to draft a water policy to ensure water conservation, issues and protection of water resources in the State.

9.

HRD Ministry launches new UGC Scheme “Paramarsh” For Higher Education. This scheme aims at mentoring National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) accreditation aspirant institutions to develop quality assurance in Higher Education.

10.

The municipal officials of Chhattisgarh have launched a unique garbage cafe scheme in Ambikapur of Surguja district which has become India’s first ‘Garbage Cafe’ for Ragpickers. The ragpickers and the homeless will collect plastic waste, and in return, the municipal corporation will offer them food.

11.

Telangana government initiated a pilot project called ‘Medicine from the Sky’ to deliver emergency medical supplies such as blood and vaccines via drones. It will run in partnership with the Telangana government and HealthNet Global Limited.

12.

India’s track and field legend PT Usha nominated for IAAF’s ‘Veteran Pin’.

13.

Andhra Pradesh became the first state in India to reserve 75% private jobs for locals.

Awards & Achievement

1.

Aparna Kumar created history by becoming the first civil servant and IPS officer to achieve the incredible and rare feat of completing ‘7 Summits’ challenge'.

What is ‘Seven Summits’ challenge?

  • The 'Seven Summits' is the name given to the challenge of climbing the highest point in each of the seven continents.

2.

Veteran British journalist Sir Mark Tully was conferred with Lifetime Achievement Award 2019 at UK-India Awards in London. The award celebrate special talents and organisations who use their worldwide influence to strengthen UK-India ties. He held the position of Chief of Bureau, BBC, Delhi, for 20 years.

3.

Quantela Inc, a Hyderabad and Silicon Valley-headquartered digital technology company, was awarded the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) ‘Technology Pioneers’ award 2019.

4.

Pink City Jaipur declared as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

5.

Iraq’s Babylon listed as UNESCOs World Heritage Site.

6.

Buddhist teacher and peace activist Thich Nhat Hanh awarded Gandhi Mandela Peace Medal 2019.

7.

“Find the Incredible You” campaign of the Tourism Ministry wins PATA Gold Award 2019.

8.

Carnatic vocalist S. Sowmya selected for Sangita Kalanidhi Award 2019.

Appointment & Person in News

1.

Jaya Arunachalam, Indian social worker and founder of Working Women’s Forum (WWF) died at the age of 87 in Chennai. She was also a pioneer of women's Self Help Group (SHG) movement in the country.

2.

On July 3, 2019 International Monetary Fund (IMF) appointed American economist David Lipton as its interim leader. He replaces Christine Lagarde who was nominated to head the European Central Bank.

3.

Germany’s Ursula von der Leyen is appointed by European Union (EU) leaders as bloc’s next Chief Executive (European Commission president). She will be the first woman in history to hold the position.

4.

IMF’s Christine Lagarde, the ‘rock star’ of international finance to become first female ECB president.

5.

Prominent American computer scientist, credited with inventing the computer password, Fernando J. Corbato passed away.

6.

Lt. Col. Dr. Samir Rawat, a military psychologist who was also in ‘Operation Vijay’ conducted by the Indian army in Kargil, has been invited as the keynote speaker to give a speech on psychology at the 32nd International Congress of Psychology (ICP) in Prague, Czech Republic.

7.

Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury appointed as chairman of the Public Accounts Committee.

8.

Pune Lok Sabha member& BJP MP, Girish Bapat appointed as chairman of the estimates committee.

Summit, Report & Ranking

1.

NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog released its "Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index" (AMFFRI) for the year 2019. Maharashtra ranked first for implementing most of the marketing reforms.

2.

Mekong Ganga Cooperation meet 2019 held in New Delhi. Six MGC member states are India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.

3.

The First Global Conference for Media Freedom 2019, hosted by the United Kingdom (UK) and Canada, was held on July 10-11, 2019 in London, UK.

4.

The 9th edition of the SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) festival 2019 in Colombo, Srilanka. Bengali filmmaker Kaushik Ganguly’s film ‘Nagarkirtan’ has won four awards (Best Director’, ‘Best Actor’ and ‘Best Original Score’) including ‘Best Feature Film’ at the festival.

5.

In the event of 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee meeting 2019 in Baku, Azerbaijan( June 30 to July 10,2019), the UNESCO(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) announced that the Chinese city of Fuzhou will host the 44th  session of the World Heritage Committee in 2020.

6.

The 9th Edition of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Film Festival for the year 2019 was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

International Relation & Foreign Affairs

1.

Japan resumed commercial whaling for the first time in more than three decades. They decided to withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC). With this, Japan joined Iceland and Norway as the only nations to allow commercial whaling despite the IWC moratorium.

2.

The foundation stone of Baba Guru Nanak International University (BGNIU) has been laid in Nankana Sahib, the birthplace of Baba Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism, in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

3.

Boris Johnson elected as the leader of Britain's governing Conservative Party. He is declared as country's next Prime Minister. Johnson will formally take over as Prime Minister. He succeeds Theresa May.

4.

Member of Parliament (MP) Priti Patel became the United Kingdom’s (UK) first Indian-origin home secretary.

5.

Jordan opens its first underwater military museum.

6.

Pakistan opened a 1,000-year-old Hindu temple in eastern city Sialkot for "worship" for the first time since partition on the demand of the local Hindu community.

Banking, Business and Economy

1.

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman stated that India’s central bank, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will now be given power to takes over as the regulator of Housing Finance Firms (HFFs) instead of NHB (National Housing Bank).

2.

'Fashion Nova', India's first Design Development Center launched in the Textile city Surat, Gujarat Aim: To promote the city in the field of the fashion design sector. 

3.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) board has finalized Utkarsh 2022, a medium term strategy, to improve regulation and supervision, among other functions of the central bank.

4.

Mukesh Ambani -led Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) surpassed IT-major, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) to become the most valued firm by market capitalization (m-cap).

5.

The World Bank Group announced that Anshula Kant, an Indian national, has been appointed as its next MD and CFO.

6.

“Tata” has become India’s most valuable brand for the second straight year in 2019 with the brand value of $19.6 billion followed by LIC (Life Insurance Corporation) (2nd) with $7.3 billion and Infosys (3rd )$6.5 billion.

7.

India will be the first recipient of local currency financing by the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank (AIIB). The objective of local currency financing is to provide more options to borrowers.

8.

Maharashtra registered the highest number of Automated Teller Machine (ATM) frauds in India for the FY 2018-19.

Environment, Science & Technological Development

1.

America’s space agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has planned to send a flying multi rover vehicle, ’Dragonfly’ to Saturn’s moon Titan to search for signs of life.

2.

Dipankar Banerjee, a solar physicist from Indian Institute of Astrophysics has been selected by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) for its PUNCH mission.  Prof. Banerjee is also the co-Chair of India’s Science Working Group, as India is planning to send up its own satellite Aditya-L1, a mission to study the Sun’s corona.

3.

The Northeast Frontier Railways' (NFR) PLAN BEE won the Best Innovation Award on 9 July. The Plan Bee is a unique strategy to keep wild elephants away from the train tracks. In the forest area of Assam.

4.

India’s first elephant rehabilitation centre will be set up by the Kerala State Government in its ecotourism village of Kottoor.

5.

The Railway Protection Force (RPF) has launched an all India drive ‘Operation Thirst’ in New Delhi to crackdown the selling of unauthorized Packaged Drinking Water (PDW) in the premises of railway stations.

6.

Indian Scientists from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai has developed a new material called ‘black gold’. They rearranged size and gaps of gold nanoparticles to develop the new material, it can absorb light and carbon dioxide. It can be used for applications that range from harvesting solar energy to desalinating seawater.

7.

TVS Motor launches India’s first Ethanol based motorcycle.

8.

The Supreme Court (SC) by taking serious note of alarming extinction of two Indian birds namely Great Indian Bustard and the Lesser Florican has constituted a high powered committee to urgently frame and implement an emergency response plan for the protection of these species.

9.

Government to build India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) at Pottipuram in Theni District, Tamil Nadu.

10.

Internet Saathi initiative, a collaborative programme of Google India and Tata Trusts aims to facilitate digital literacy among women in rural India.

11.

The Kerala government will set up India’s first space tech park at Thiruvananthapuram’s Knowledge City.

12.

India’s heaviest rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk-III, nicknamed ‘Bahubali’ carried the Chandrayaan-2 mission successfully from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, off the coast of Andhra Pradesh.The Chandrayaan 2 mission is set to explore the south polar region of the Moon, which is also known as Dark Side of the Moon due to the absence of sunlight in and around the craters of the Lunar Polar surface.

13.

“Dracaena cambodiana”, India’s first dragon blood-oozing tree discovered in Assam.

Important Days

1.

World Population Day was observed on July 11.

2.

West Bengal government observed Save Water Day on 12 July.

3.

International Justice Day observed on 17th July 2019.

4.

International Malala Day 2019 observed on July 12.

5.

Nelson Mandela International Day was observed on July 18, 2019.

6.

Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated on July 26, 2019.

Defence

1.

Indian Air Force (IAF) and Armée de l’Air (French Air Force) are participating in the Garuda-VI bilateral exercise at Mont de Marsan in France.

2.

The operation, code named ‘Sudarshan’ was launched by the Border Security Force (BSF) to fortify Anti-Infiltration Grid along the Pakistan border in Punjab and Jammu.

3.

India conducted 1st ever simulated space war exercise,” IndSpaceEx” in New Delhi.

Sports & Games

1.

Red Bull's Max Verstappen won the 2019 Austrian Grand Prix.

2.

Odisha to host the 21st Commonwealth Table Tennis Championship 2019.

3.

Vaibhav Yadav, Indian pro boxer won World Boxing Council (WBC) Asia title.

4.

Indian sprint runner Hima Das, nicknamed ‘Dhing Express’ won the gold medal in women’s 200m in Poznań Athletics Grand Prix 2019 held in Golecin Stadium, Poznań, Poland.

5.

Vinesh Phogat & Divya Kakran won gold at the Wrestling Grand Prix 2019 of Spain.

6.

Hima Das and Muhammed Anas won gold medal at 2019 Kutno Athletics Meet in Poland.

7.

United States (US), the defending champion won the FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019 by defeating the Netherlands held in France.

8.

Brazil beats Peru in the final to lift the Copa America 2019 title.

9.

Overview of ICC Men’s World Cup 2019

i. The Finals were held at the Lord’s Cricket Ground between New Zealand and England. England lifted the first World Cup title beating New Zealand.

ii. Kane Stuart Williamson of New Zealand was named as the Player of the Tournament.

iii. Ben Stokes of England was awarded the Man of the Match

10.

Simona Halep won the Wimbledon Championship 2019 title.

11.

Novak Djokovic won his fifth Wimbledon title defeating Swiss tennis ace Roger Federer.

12.

Arjun Bhati of India won Junior World Golf Championship 2019.

13.

The Cricket Association of Puducherry (CAP) became the newest associate member of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).

14.

Sachin Tendulkar, the former Indian Cricketer, was inducted into the International Cricket Council's Hall of Fame.

15.

Indian bodybuilder Ravinder Kumar Malik bagged the “Mr. South Asia” award at 12th South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship 2019.

16.

The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) withdraws Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) general assembly meeting to be held in Rwanda in September 2019 to protest against the move of dropping shooting from the 2022 Birmingham Commonwealth Games (CWG).

17.

Max Verstappen wins 2019 Formula 1 German Grand Prix.

18.

International Cricket Council (ICC) officially launched the inaugural World Test Championship (WTC). It will begin from August 1, 2019, where Australia and England will face each other in the Ashes.

 

June 2019

Government Scheme, Policy & Public Administration

1.

Cabinet meeting chaired by PM Modi has approved to give monthly pension of Rs 3,000 to small traders, businessmen, and shopkeepers after they attain the age of 60 years. The aim is to provide universal social security to all shopkeepers, retail traders and self-employed persons a monthly pension under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana (PM–KPY).

2.

Kasturirangan Committee submitted the draft National Education Policy to the new Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhariyal.

3.

Haryana High Court (HC) declared the entire animal kingdom, including avian and aquatic, as a legal entity having rights of a living person.

4.

Gujarat topped the country with annual fish production of 7.8 lakh tonnes, followed by Tamil Nadu (7.02 lakh tonnes) and Kerala (6.43 lakh tonnes) according to the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI).

5.

Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has declared Chaukhandi Stupa as a “Monument of national importance”. The ancient Buddhist site situated in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.

6.

The Election Commission of India granted the National party status to National People’s Party (NPP) led by Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma. It becomes the first Party from North East region to get this tag.

7.

Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thawar Chand Gehlot was named as the leader of Rajya Sabha succeeding former Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Arun Jaitley.

8.

The Himachal Pradesh (HP) government has made it compulsory for trekkers to carry a GPS (Global Positioning System) device to tackle any exigency.

9.

Central Government has permitted to set up e-Foreigner Tribunal (e-FT) in Assam under Anand Prakash Tiwari (CEO). It is a quasi-judicial authority which assesses the question of authenticity of a person’s citizenship. It should be set up by July 31, 2019 when the final list of National Register of Citizens (NRC) is published. The people left out in the final NRC can challenge their exclusion through these tribunals.

10.

Two time BJP MP from Rajasthan Om Birla has been elected as the 17th Lok Sabha Speaker. Birla replaced Sumitra Mahajan.

11.

Manohar Lal Khattar, Chief Minister of Haryana has announced an annual financial health assistance of Rs.5 lakh to loktantra senanis (people who were jailed during 1975-1977 Emergency under preventive detention laws) or their spouse for treatment at private or government hospitals.

12.

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology reported that 2.22 crore villagers are given Digital Education under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA).

13.

Central Government planned to set up “Krishi Vigyan Kendras” to double farmers' income by 2022.

Awards & Achievement

1.

Noted English Fiction writer Amitav Ghosh (63) received the country’s highest literary honour 54th Jnanpith Award in New Delhi. Thus he became the first English writer to win Jnanpith Award. 

►Some of his celebrated works include:

  • The Circle of Reason
  • The Shadow Lines
  • The Calcutta Chromosome
  • The Glass Palace
  • The Hungry Tide
  • The Ibis trilogy that includes 'Sea of Poppies', 'River of Smoke', and 'Flood of Fire'.

2.

Former Indian President Pratibha Patil has been conferred the "Orden Mexicana del Aguila Azteca" (Order of the Aztec Eagle), the highest civilian award of Mexico given to foreigners, on 1 June 2019.

3.

Nirmala Sitharaman (Union Minister of Finance and Minister of Corporate Affairs) was named in 100 Most Influential in UK-India Relations: Celebrating Women list (UK power list).

4.

National Aluminum Company Limited (NALCO) has been selected for President’s award for utilization of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) fund in social development. It was selected for its Aliali Jhia Scheme. The scheme was on the line of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao to adapt and promote the poor and talented girls for education.

5.

Former Bureau Chief of BBC and Veteran British journalist Sir Mark Tully was bestowed with ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’ at UK-India Awards in London for his contributions to UK-India relationship.

6.

Suman Rao (20) from Rajasthan won the 56th Femina Miss India World [2019].

7.

Telangana-based NGO, Deccan Development Society (DDS) won UN’s Equator Prize 2019.

8.

Priyanka Chopra awarded Danny Kaye Humanitarian Award by UNICEF.

9.

Google’s India-born CEO Sundar Pichai (46) and NASDAQ‘s (National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations) President Adena Friedman (50) were chosen for the prestigious Global Leadership Awards 2019.

10.

Romila Thapar elected to the member of American Philosophical Society.

11.

Swedish teenage activist Greta Thunberg (16), has won the Amnesty International’s ‘Ambassador of Conscience award’ for fighting against the peril of global warming.

Appointment & Person in News

1.

Sharad Kumar selected as interim Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC).

2.

Pramila Jayapal first South Asian American woman to preside over US House.

3.

Anita Bhatia has been appointed by UN Secretary-General Antonio as the Deputy Executive Director of the UN (United Nations) Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).

4.

Nigeria’s Ambassador to the UN Tijjani Muhammad-Bande was elected as the President for the 74th session of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). He will be succeeding Maria Fernanda Espinosa.

5.

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India, Rajiv Mehrishi is elected as external auditor of the World Health Organization (WHO) for four years from 2020 to 2023.

6.

Danish economist and environmentalist Inger Andersen recently took charge as the new Executive Director (ED) of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

7.

India’s favourite domestic airline Spicejet’s chairman and MD Ajay Singh was elected to the board of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

8.

RBI approved the appointment of Rakesh Makhija as Chairman of Axis Bank.

9.

The Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved appointment of senior IPS officer Samant Kumar Goel (succeed Anil K Dhasma) as Director of Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), external intelligence of India & senior IPS officer Arvind Kumar (succeed Rajiv Jain) as Director of Intelligence Bureau (IB).They have been appointed for a fixed tenure of two years.

10.

On June 10, 2019, Noted Actor, writer, and playwright Girish Karnad was passed away due to multiple-organ failure in Bengaluru at the age of 81. He was a recipient of 1998 Jnanpith award, 1974 Padma Shri and 1992 Padma Bhushan award for literature. His autobiography Aadaadtha Ayushya was released in 2011.

11.

Founder of ‘Azad Gomantak Dal’, Mohan Ranade, the Veteran freedom fighter who played a major role in Goa Liberation Movement in 1950s, recently died in Pune at 90 years of age.

12.

‘My Life, My Mission’--Baba Ramdev’s auto biography.

Summit, Report & Ranking

1.

India was ranked 95th among 129 countries in new SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) Gender Equality Index.

2.

14th Islamic Summit organized by Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) summit was held in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It was hosted by Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud. 

3.

2nd Global Disability Summit held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

4.

India ranked 141 in global peace index, Iceland remains the most Peaceful.

5.

India ranks second by witnessing 12% world internet users (close to 455 million). China leads the chart with 21% of global internet users while the U.S (United States) placed third with 8%.

6.

India is hosting the Inter sessional meeting of Kimberley Process (KP) from 17th to 21st June 2019 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. India is the chair of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme for the year 2019 with the Russian Federation as Vice Chair.

7.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit 2019 held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi joined the summit from Indian side.

8.

India will be hosting the 14th session of the Conference of Parties (COP-14) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) for the first time. COP-14 will be held between September 2 and 14 in Delhi. The Centre launched a flagship project, part of a larger international initiative called the Bonn Challenge ahead of the COP-14. The flagship project aims to enhance India’s capacity for forest landscape restoration (FLR).

  • The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded land under restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.

9.

United Nations report, World Population Prospects 2019 said that India is set to overtake China as the most populous country by 2027.

10.

NITI Aayog has released the 2nd edition of report titled “Healthy States, Progressive India: Report on Rank of States and UTs”. The report has been prepared in collaboration with Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare along with technical assistance from World Bank for the period of 2015-16 to 2017-18.

11.

The Group of 20 (G20) nations summit concluded in Osaka, Japan. The primary aim of the summit is to promote international financial stability. The ongoing trade war between China and the United States topped the agenda. The G20 is an international leaders' forum comprising 19 countries and the European Union. The grouping represents more than 80% of the world's economic output and two-thirds of its people.

International Relation & Foreign Affairs

1.

On June 7, 2019, Estonia, Niger, St. Vincent, and the Grenadines, Tunisia, and Vietnam are elected to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as Non-permanent Members for a 2-year term beginning January 1, 2020.

2.

The African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council has announced that it has suspended Sudan’s participation in all AU activities until the productive establishment of Civilian Government in the country.

The decision was taken at the Peace and Security Council meeting held in Addis Ababa.

3.

India & Portugal to set up National Maritime Heritage Museum in Lothal.

4.

2021 is chosen to celebrate, cultural and friendship between the Kyrgyz Republic and India during Prime Minister’s visit to Kyrgyzstan for SCO summit.

5.

Bangladesh TV and Republic of South Korea state TV channel will be available on Doordarshan Free Dish and DD India would be made available in Bangladesh.

6.

A Letter of Intent (LoI) has been exchanged between Ahmedabad and Japanese city of Kobe for a sister city partnership.

7.

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe at Strasbourg (France) has voted in favour of restoring voting rights of Russia, 5 years after they were revoked over its illegal annexation of Crimean Peninsula.

8.

The United Arab Emirates (UAE)’s Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) has launch new anti-money laundering platform called ‘goAML’ (Anti-Money Laundering), one-stop solution to crack down organized financial crimes. It is developed by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

9.

Japan gifted Manipur ‘Museum of Peace’ built on the memories of Battle of Imphal, one of the fiercest battles of 2nd World War (WWII). The inauguration of Imphal Peace Museum marked 75th anniversary of Battle of Imphal.

10.

Saudi Arabia has become 1st Arab country to be granted full membership of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in FATF’s Annual General Meeting held in Orlando, Florida in United States (US).

11.

Nepalese nationals must have visa if they are entering India from Pakistan, China, Hong Kong and Macau, Similarly, Nepalese nationals travelling to Gulf countries, including Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain and Lebanon, are required to acquire No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the respective Nepalese Embassies, it said on a notice by the Nepalese Embassy in New Delhi.

12.

Mauritania went to polls for the first time since the African nation gained independence from France nearly 60 years ago. President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who seized power in a coup in 2008, agreed to step down and abide by the maximum two five-year elected terms. Non-elected military governments have mostly ruled the country following independence.

Banking, Business and Economy

1.

According to a survey conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) between July 2017 and June 2018 covering 4.3 lakh people revealed that the unemployment rate was about 6.1% in 2017-18, highest in 45 year since 1972-73.

2.

India’s top oil and gas producer, ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) has become India’s most profitable Public Sector Undertaking after surpassing Indian Oil Corp (IOC).

3.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has removed the charges levied on Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) transactions to boost digital payments.

4.

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has launched a new Index to measure fiscal performance titled ‘Fiscal Performance Index’ (FPI).

5.

Sri Lanka’s state-run Srilankan Airlines has been named the world’s most punctual airline.

6.

On June 6, 2019, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced to set up a foreign exchange trading platform for retail participants. This is to create a market infrastructure that ensures fair and transparent pricing for users of foreign exchange like Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) exporters & importers and individuals. The trading platforms are developed by the Clearing Corporation of India Limited (CCIL).

 

About CCIL: The Clearing Corporation of India Ltd. (CCIL) was set up in April, 2001 to provide guaranteed clearing and settlement functions for transactions in Money, G-Secs and Foreign Exchange and Derivative markets. The Clearing Corporation plays the key role of a Central CounterParty (CCP) in the government securities, forex exchange.

7.

On June 6, 2019, The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) relaxed the Leverage Ratio (LR) for Domestic Systemically Important Banks (D-SIBs) to 4% and for other banks to 3.5%. This is done to help them in order to expand their lending activities.

  • What is a ‘leverage ratio’ for banks?
  • The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) introduced a leverage ratio in the 2010 Basel III package of reforms. The leverage ratio is defined as the capital measure divided by the exposure measure, expressed as a percentage. The capital measure is tier 1 capital and the exposure measure includes bank’s consolidated assets, derivative exposure, commitments to provide loans to third parties, standby letters of credit, acceptances, and trade letters of credit etc.
  • What is a Domestic Systemically Important Bank (D-SIB)?
  • D-SIB means that the bank is too big to fail. According to the RBI, some banks become systemically important due to their size, cross-jurisdictional activities, complexity and lack of substitute and interconnection. Banks whose assets exceed 2% of GDP are considered part of this group. The RBI stated that should such a bank fail, there would be significant disruption to the essential services they provide to the banking system and the overall economy. At present in India there are three D-SIBs. State Bank of India, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank.

8.

According to United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD) World Investment Report 2019, released on June 12, 2019, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India grew by 6% to $42 billion in 2018. The US was the world’s top recipient of FDI with $252 billion followed by China with $139 billion. India was ranked 10th as an FDI recipient.

9.

Facebook has officially announced the details of its new global cryptocurrency called Libra.

10.

RBI had set up an eight-member committee under the leadership of former chairman of SEBI, UK Sinha to review the current framework (economic and financial sustainability, impact of the recent economic reforms, structural problems, measures for leveraging technology) for the MSME sector.

11.

RBI imposed Rs.1 crore penalty on HDFC Bank for violating know your customer (KYC) and anti-money laundering (AML) norms.

12.

Microsoft takes over ‘GitHub’, a web-based hosting service.

13.

According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Bangladesh emerged as the fastest growing economy among the 45 countries of the Asia-Pacific region.

14.

‘Go Tribal campaign’ was launched by Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED (Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India). Under the campaign, Tribes India and Amazon Global Marketing will launch TRIBES India products globally through website (Amazon.com) under the name ‘Tribes of India Heritage Collection' & ‘Tribes of India Natural Collection’.

15.

Central Govt has constituted Working Group for the revision of the current series of Wholesale Price Index (Base 2011-12). It will be chaired by Prof. Ramesh Chand, Member, NITI Aayog.

16.

National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC Ltd) and Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL) have signed an agreement to set up National Electricity Distribution Company Limited (NEDCL) on 50:50 basis.

17.

Indian Crypto Exchange Koinex Shuts down its operation.

Environment, Science & Technological Development

1.

Puerto Williams in Chile has become the southernmost city in the world after getting its status upgraded to city category. Previously, the southernmost city was Ushuaia in Argentina.

2.

Gujarat Chief Minister launched the world’s first Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) for Particulate Matter (PM) to reduce air pollution. 

3.

India’s first Dinosaur Museum inaugurated in Gujarat.

4.

Certification for BS-VI norms released for two-wheelers; Hero MotoCorp becomes the first two-wheeler manufacturer to receive it.

5.

Bancha in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh became the first village in India to have zero wooden stoves relying on solar-powered stoves to meet their cooking needs.

6.

The Legislative Assembly of El Salvador has recognized forests as living entities on the World Environment Day (5th June 2019). Its citizens will now be required to preserve forests and respect them as more than just property.

7.

National Geographic Society Installed World’s Highest Operating Weather Stations on Mount Everest.

8.

To combat Antibiotics abuse The World Health Organization (WHO) launched a global campaign urging governments all across the world to adopt its new online tool called AWaRe (Access, Watch and Reserve), which is aimed at guiding policy-makers and health workers of country to reduce spread of antimicrobial resistance & antibiotic-related adverse events, and also to make antibiotic use safer, cheaper and more effective for its consumer.

 

  1. India’s Efforts Red Line Campaign: In India, Union Ministry of Health Affair has made it mandatory to display a 5mm-thick red vertical band (line) on packaging of prescription-only drugs (those which compulsorily require Doctors’ Prescription) so as to  people and make them cautious while buying these Antibiotic medicines that are widely sold without prescriptions.

9.

The Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) is constructing a road 40-50% more durable than conventional Asphalt road by using plastic waste (8-10%) with coal tar for the first time ever under the guideline of the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI, Delhi).

10.

Ireland decided to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles by 2030.

11.

NASA's Dragonfly Will Fly around Titan Looking for Origins, Signs of life. Dragonfly is a planned spacecraft and mission that will send a mobile robotic rotorcraft lander to Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, in order to study prebiotic chemistry and extra-terrestrial habitability at various locations where it will perform vertical-take-offs and landings (VTOL).

12.

Union Minister of Railways Piyush Goyal informed Rajya Sabha members that Indian Railways is conducting ‘TRI-NETRA’ (Terrain Imaging for Drivers Infrared, Enhanced, Optical and Radar Assisted) technology for seeing obstructions on tracks. It comprises of infrared camera, optical camera and radar assisted imaging system for assisting loco pilots in identifying obstructions on tracks, mainly in foggy conditions.

13.

All gram panchayats will be provided high speed broadband connections under BharatNet project by March 2020, according to Ravi Shankar Prasad, Union Minister Electronics and Information Technology.

14.

“Sindhu Darshan Utsav 2019” started at Sindhu Ghat Shey in Leh from 24th (Guru Purnima) to 27th June.

15.

Lunar Evacuation System Assembly, or LESA. Developed by the European Space Agency (ESA), LESA is a pyramid-like structure whose purpose is to rescue an astronaut who suffers an injury on the lunar surface.

16.

The Curiosity Rover of NASA has found the largest amount of methane (about 21 parts per billion units by volume) ever measured during its mission on Red Planet (Mars).

17.

International Olympic Committee (IOC) has formally opened its new ‘Eco friendly’, ‘energy-efficient’ headquarters (on site of former Olympic headquarters) in Lausanne by its own old materials (95%), Switzerland. This ‘International Awards for Sustainability’ winning headquarters comes exactly 125 years after Olympic Games were revived.

18.

Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik in State Level Natural Calamity Committee meeting unveiled a Flood Hazard ‘Atlas’ for better preparedness. The atlas prepared by National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad and Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA).It will help identify the disaster prone areas of the state so that necessary plans can be made to tackle the situation.

19.

India (7th country) now has a state-of-the-art ‘Air Traffic Flow Management - Central Command Centre’ (C-ATFM) that will optimize utilization of resources like airspace and aircraft at capacity-constrained Indian airports.it is supported by 36 ‘Flow Management Positions’ (FMP) at various airports. It is expected to cut down on flight delays by synchronizing aircraft movement with real time conditions.

20.

The Government of Bihar recently banned felling of trees, citing increasing pollution as well as a fatal heatwave.

21.

The Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting and Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar has said that India's forest cover increased by 1% in the last 5 years over 24.39% of India’s geographical area now constitutes of green cover.

Important Days

1.

World Environment Day (WED) is observed on June 5 every year. The theme of the year is ‘Beat Air Pollution’. World Environment Day 2019 is being hosted by China this year with a theme of “Air Pollution”. In 2018, India was the host country.

2.

The first-ever World Food Safety Day was celebrated on June 7, 2019. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in December 2018. The theme for the year 2019 is “Food Safety, everyone’s business”.

3.

World Day against Child Labour (WDACL) was observed on June 12, 2019.

4.

Statistics Day is observed on June 29th on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis for his invaluable contribution in establishing the National Statistical System. The theme of 2019 Statistics Day is Sustainable Development Goals.

Defence

1.

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved to set up the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRA), a new agency which will develop sophisticated weapon systems and technologies. It will enhance the capabilities of the armed forces to fight wars in space.

2.

Operation Sunrise-2 between the armies of India and Myanmar started on 16 June 2019 in in their respective border area to bust terror camp of militant groups operating in Manipur, Nagaland and Assam.

3.

The Indian Air Force used 'Bandar' as a codename for the mission to bomb a Jaish-e-Mohammed terror camp in Balakot, Pakistan.

4.

Indian Navy launched ‘Operation Sankalp’ in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Their main aim is to reassure safe passage of Indian flagged vessels transiting through the area. INS Chennai and INS Sunayna deployed in the region to undertake maritime security operations.

Sports & Games

1.

Liverpool smashes Tottenham Hotspur to win champions league trophy.

2.

Swiss–Italian football administrator Gianni Infantino has been re-elected as President of Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), a global governing body of football till 2023.

3.

Asian Football Confederation (AFC), confirmed that China will host the 2023 Asia Cup.

4.

The 123rd Edition of French Open 2019, a Grand Slam Tennis Tournament was at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Men’s Singles - Rafael Nadal (Spain) Women’s Single - Ashleigh Barty (Australia)

5.

Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) of United Kingdom won 2019 Canadian Grand Prix.

6.

In the latest Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) and Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) rankings Naomi Osaka of Japan’s and Novak Djokovic of Serbia continue to be as World Number 1.

7.

England captain Eoin Morgan set the world record for most sixes (17) in a One Day International (ODI) in World Cup against Afghanistan.

8.

Virat Kohli (30) became fastest batsman to reach 20,000 international runs, across formats (417th international innings) surpassing previous record held by Sachin Tendulkar and Brian Lara. Both Tendulkar and Lara (453 innings). With this, Kohli became overall 12th batsman and third Indian after Sachin Tendulkar and Rahul Dravid to reach 20,000 international runs.

9.

India has proposed to host 2023 International Olympic Committee (IOC) session in Mumbai, which is expected to choose host city for 2030 Winter Olympic.

10.

India clinched the women’s FIH Series Finals Hockey Tournament by beating hosts Japan 3-1 in summit clash at the Hiroshima Hockey Stadium in Japan.

11.

India women’s rugby team create history with first international 15s win against Singapore.

12.

Italy has won the right to host the 2026 Winter Olympics following a vote by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

13.

Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) nominated the inclusion of women's cricket in the 2022 Commonwealth Games. Beach Volleyball and para table tennis were also nominated for inclusion in the 2022 edition.

 

May 2019 Part - II

Government Scheme & Policy

1.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), HCL Foundation and Indian National Trust for Art and Culture Heritage (INTACH) signed tripartite Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for Plantation of Rudraksh Trees in Uttarakhand under the ‘Namami Gange’ Programme.

2.

Central government has decided to merge two institutions the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) to create new statistical body National Statistical Office (NSO) under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI). 

3.

Telangana has released a draft blockchain policy to set up country’s first ‘Blockchain District’ in Hyderabad.

4.

Key Highlights of 17th Lok Sabha Election:

NOTA: The highest NOTA (none of the above) vote share of 5.04% in Lok Sabha election was reported from Gopalganj in Bihar. The Lowest NOTA vote share of 0.17% in Lok Sabha reported from Bidar in Karnataka.

Youngest Lok Sabha Member: Biju Janta Dal (BJD’s) Chandrani Murmu, who won from Keonjhar in Odisha, became youngest candidate elected in history of Lok Sabha at 25 years, 11 months and 8 days.

Awards, Achievement & Appointment

1.

Captain Aarohi Pandit from Mumbai became 1st woman in the world to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo in a LSA (Light Sports Aircraft).

2.

Sunny Pawar won the Best Child Actor award for his performance in ‘Chippa’ at 19th New York Indian Film Festival.

3.

Ajey Nagar (CarryMinati), an Indian YouTuber named among the Top 10 ‘Next Generation Leaders 2019’ by Time Magazine.

4.

The world’s most mysterious 600-year old manuscript named ‘Voynich Manuscript’ was finally deciphered by Bristol academician Dr. Gerard Cheshire and it took him just 2 weeks. The Voynich Manuscript contains information about astrological sex tips, parenting and psychology, abortion advice and herbal remedies.

5.

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) granted the prestigious Sasakawa Award 2019 for Disaster Risk Reduction to Additional Principal Secretary to Prime Minister of India, Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra, during the ongoing 6th Session of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019 at Geneva, Switzerland.

6.

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, felicitated Legacy Accelerators, Antano and Harini with the ‘Award for Honour’ for their work to help people change the trajectory of their lives and create a personal legacy in compressed time.

7.

As a part of Europe Day celebrations, the Council of European Chambers of Commerce (CEUCC) in India and European Union (EU) delegation will felicitate Indian actor Anil Kapoor for promoting Children’s Rights and his effort to protect the rights of girls in collaboration with Plan India and the European Union.

8.

Nepali Sherpa Kami Rita climbs Mt. Everest for the 23rdtime; Broke his own record.

9.

The United Nations Secretary–General Antonio Guterres has appointed 17 new advocates to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These include the Indian actress Dia Mirza and the Chief of Alibaba Group, Jack Ma.

10.

IPS officer Chhaya Sharma, who headed the investigation team of the infamous Nirbhaya gang-rape and murder case, has been conferred with the 2019 McCain Institute Award for Courage and Leadership.

11.

Former foreign secretary Shyam Saran to be conferred with Japan’s ‘Order of the Rising Sun’ award.

12.

Jokha Alharthi, an Omani female author became the first Arabic author to win 2019 Man Booker International Prize 2019 for her novel “Celestial Bodies”. The novel contains the story of three sisters in an Omani village.

13.

Dr. Ankur Patwardhan, a scientist from Pune conferred with ‘German Chemistry Prize’.

14.

Bengaluru based Doctor Hema Divakar gets ‘Global Asian of the Year’ Award for Contribution to Women’s Healthcare Ecosystem.

15.

Ariel India achieved Guinness World Records Certificate for ‘Largest Laundry Lesson’ under #ShareTheLoad Campaign.

16.

Govt has cleared the appointment of 4 new Supreme Court judges. With these four appointments, now the Supreme Court has reached its full sanctioned strength of 31 judges.

17.

Mumbai based contemporary artist Nalini Malani became the first Indian to be awarded with 7th Joan Miro Prize 2019. It was announced by the Barcelona-based Fundacio Joan Miro. It is one of the most prestigious contemporary biennial art award in the world.

18.

Orchha town of Madhya Pradesh added to the Tentative List of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.

19.

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Director-General Professor (Dr) Balram Bhargava was honoured with the 2019 Dr. Lee Jong-wook Memorial Prize for Public Health at the 72nd World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland. The event was organized by the World Health Organization (WHO).

20.

Annie Zaidi won Nine Dots Prize 2019

Indian playwright and journalist Annie Zaidi won the Nine Dots Prize 2019 for her essay “Bread, Cement, Cactus.” The Nine Dots Prize is a book prize for creative thinking which addresses current burning issues of the society.

International Relation & Foreign Affairs

1.

CTBTO (The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation) has offered India an ‘Observer’ status and access to the International Monitoring System (IMS) data.

2.

The 6th Session of the biennial Global Platform for (DDR) Disaster Risk Reduction (GP2019) has started in Geneva, Switzerland from 13th May to 17 May 2019 and is co-chaired by Switzerland and UNISDR.

3.

Konkan Railways Corporation Ltd signs contract agreement with Nepal’s Department of Railways to supply two 1600 HP DEMU train sets to Nepal.

4.

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has decided to hold Ocean Conference 2020 in Lisbon, Portugal from June 2 to 6, 2020 with a theme of “Scaling up ocean action based on science and innovation for the implementation of Goal 14: stocktaking, partnerships and solutions.”

5.

The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline meeting was held in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

6.

The second Urban 20 (U20) Mayors summit was held in Tokyo, the capital city of Japan from May 20 to May 22, 2019. The themes of the summit were Climate Action, Circular Economy, Social Inclusion and Integration, Sustainable Economic Growth andGender Equality. The U20 Mayors summit takes place one month ahead of the G20 summit which is to be held in Osaka, Japan.

7.

In the 2019 edition of the IMD (Institute for Management Development) World Competitiveness Rankings, India has improved its rank by one place to rank 43rd most competitive economy in the world and Singapore topped the chart.

8.

In a recent announcement by United States, it has removed India and Switzerland from the currency monitoring lists. The US has retained other countries like China, Japan and Germany in the list.

Background: It was in May 2018 when for the first time India was placed by US in its currency monitoring list of countries with potentially questionable foreign exchange policies, and because India had a bilateral trade surplus with US, which crossed country’s maximum limit of $20 billion. Other five other countries along with India included Japan, China, Switzerland, Germany and South Korea. The list basically consists of major trading partners of US who are to be closely monitored for potentially questionable foreign exchange policies.

Business and Economy

1.

Paytm collaborated with Citibank to launch its 1st credit card called ‘Paytm First Card’.

2.

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) has partnered with Google on the occasion of World Telecom Day (May 17). The objective is to expand BSNL’s Wi-Fi footprint in the country. 

3.

Kerala became the first state to tap into masala bond market by listing the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB)’s masala bond worth of USD 312 million (Rs 2,150 crore) in London Stock Exchange (LSE)’s International Securities Market (ISM).

4.

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) in its report notified that the highest graphite reserves of India, that is, around 35% of India’s total Graphite reserves are found in Arunachal Pradesh.

5.

RBI has published ‘Payment and Settlement Systems in India: Vision 2019 – 2021’ to promote innovation, cyber-security, and financial inclusion.

6.

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed Rs 1 crore fine to Nanital Bank. The reason behind this monetary penalty was because of Nanital Bank’s failure to fully automate the non-performing asset (NPA) identification process, despite specific directions issued in this regard.

7.

Bharti Airtel and the Housing Development Finance Cooperation (HDFC) Life had tied up to offer life cover for customers at a prepaid recharge of Rs 249.

8.

A subsidiary of NABARD (The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development), Nabventures notified its first time funding termed ‘NABVENTURES Fund I’ which is a Rs 700-crore venture capital fund for equity investments to provide support for agriculture, food and rural start-ups (which would help improve rural livelihoods).

9.

SBI has joined hands with FMCG Arm of The Art of Living — Sri Sri Tattva.

10.

India’s largest private multi-port operator, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone (APSEZ) will set up its first container terminal outside India in Myanmar at an estimated cost of USD 290 million (over Rs 2,000 crore).

11.

Indian Overseas Bank introduced “Bank on Wheels” for door-step banking facility.

12.

Committee on Development of Housing Finance Securitisation Market: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a committee under Harsh Vardhan, to review existing state of mortgage securitisation in India and suggest measures to develop market further.

Environment, Science & Technological Development

1.

The white-throated rail (Dryolimnas cuvieri) which was extinct for more than 136,000 years reappeared on Indian Ocean Island. This new finding was published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. It is now the last species of flightless bird left in the Indian Ocean.

2.

NASA dubbed its 2024 Mission to Moon as ‘Artemis’.

3.

U.S. Department of Energy‘s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab in California created a new 100% recyclable plastic named Polydiketoenamine (PDK).

4.

Anand-based National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) has developed world’s first complete parent-wise genome assembly of buffalo named “NDDB_ABRO_Murrah” of riverine buffaloes.

5.

WHO (World Health Organization) has declared Algeria and Argentina as malaria-free countries.

6.

China has been using CFC-11 or Trichlorofluoromethane, a banned Ozone-Depleting chemical. This was published in the journal Nature. It is against the 1987 Montreal Protocol.

7.

ISRO’s new commercial arm ‘NewSpace India Limited inaugurated in Bengaluru.

8.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was signed between Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to set up IITG-ISRO Space Technology Cell (STC) within the premises of IIT Guwahati.

9.

India’s only orangutan named Binny died at the age of 41 in Nandankanan Zoological Park in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

10.

Facebook plans to launch its own cryptocurrency “GlobalCoin” in 2020.

11.

Recently, World Health Organization (WHO) in its World Health Assembly held in Geneva, had for the first time recognised ‘burn out’ as a medical condition and ‘gaming disorder’ a recognised illness in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD), which was extensively used as a benchmark for diagnosis and health insurers.

Important Days

1.

National Dengue Day observed on May 16.

2.

On the occasion of International Day for Biological Diversity i.e. on May 22, a first of its kind, tree ambulance was inaugurated in Chennai, Tamil Nadu by Vice President of India, Venkaiah Naidu. The initiative was proposed by Green man of India, Dr K Abdul Ghani and it is sponsored by the SASA Group. The ambulance can be availed through the number 9941006786 and volunteers can register on www.treeambulance.org.

3.

Statehood day of Goa observed on May 30

32nd Statehood day of Goa was celebrated on May 30. On May 30, 1987, Goa became the 25th state of the Indian Union.

4.

World No-Tobacco Day celebrated on May 31.

Defence

1.

All Indian armed forces comprising Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force hold joint exercise Bull Strike at Teressa Island in Andaman and Nicobar.

2.

The Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba inaugurated Indian Navy’s first full-fledged Service Selection Board (SSB) at Diamond Harbour, near Kolkata.

3.

Admiral Karambir Singh assumed charge as the new Chief of the Naval Staff.

Sports & Games

1.

The world’s first exclusive women’s cricket magazine “CRICZONE” released with Indian women’s cricket team vice-captain Smriti Mandhana featured as the cover story. The publisher of the magazine is Yash Lahoti.

2.

Croatia’s Igor Stimac set to be appointed Indian football team coach.

3.

CEAT International Cricket Awards 2019: Virat Kohli and Smriti Mandhana won International Cricketers of Year Award.

4.

China set to host the Asian Cup 2023 after withdrawal from South Korea.

 

May 2019, Part - I

Government Scheme & Policy

1.

GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) Council has launched “GRIHA for Existing Day Schools” in India, to comply with the nation’s vision for a greener and sustainable future.

2.

The government had introduced the FAME II Scheme to boost the adoption of electric and hybrid vehicles in the country.

3.

Govt has mandated Green Number plates on all electric vehicles in India.

4.

Zero Pendency Courts Project is the pilot project of the Delhi High Court to study the life cycles of cases to come up with optimal timelines for cases.

  • The primary goal of the project was to study the flow of cases in the absence of backlog and to provide information on the judicial time required to dispose of a case together with the gathering stage wise details in each case.

5.

Mangaluru police gets an all-women patrol unit “Rani Abbakka Force”.

Awards, Achievement & Appointment

1.

Former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief, A S Kiran Kumar has been conferred France’s highest civilian award “Knight of the Legion of Honour”.

2.

The World Press Freedom Prize also known as UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize is formally conferred every year by Director-General of UNESCO, on occasion of World Press Freedom Day observed on 3 May.

Recipients of World Press Freedom Prize 2019

  • In 2019 award would be shared by two jailed Myanmar journalists ‘Wa Lone’ and ‘Kyaw Soe Oo’ who reported on alleged human rights violations in state of Rakhine, Myanmar.

3.

PC Chandra Purashkaar 2019 conferred to Padma Bhushan Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty.

4.

G D Robert Govender, an Indian–origin journalist was honoured with V K Krishna Menon Award 2019 for his contribution as pioneer of decolonised journalism. He became first person to be honoured with this award posthumously. The award was given by ‘V K Krishna Menon Institute’ on 123rd birth anniversary of renowned Indian diplomat and politician V K Krishna Menon.

4.

The Caravan’s Nileena MS wins ACJ Award for Investigative Journalism for article on coal allotment namely ‘Coalgate 2.0’.

5.

Nigerian Professor, Tijjani Mohammad Bande, has been appointed as the new President of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

6.

US Air Force General Tod Wolters appointed as NATO commander.

7.

Nepali teenager Bandana danced continuously for 126 hours to set a Guinness World Records on “Longest Dancing Marathon by an Individual”.

International Relation & Foreign Affairs

1.

The 14th edition of the annual Sino-Indian border trade opened at Nathu La, the frontier post at Sino-Indian border in Sikkim.

2.

The 125th Emperor of Japan, 85-year-old, Emperor Emeritus Akihito abdicated after 30 years of ruling because of his declining health and age-related problems. His rule was known as Heisei. While his son Emperor Naruhito, 59 -year-old succeeded the Chrysanthemum Throne on 1 May 2019, ushering in the Reiwa era. This is the first time Japan’s modern History that the country has both an Emperor and Emeritus.

3.

India and Bangladesh in a meeting agreed to jointly produce the film based on the life and works of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and documentary of Bangladesh Liberation War 1971.

4.

Finland held the 11th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting in Rovaniemi and India was re-elected as an Observer to Arctic Council.

5.

Afghanistan on 29 April 2019 convened rare “Loya Jirga”, a four day long grand assembly or massive meeting for delegates from across country to discuss war and efforts of United States to forge a peace deal with Taliban. At the end of huge peace summit in Kabul, Afghan officials called for immediate and permanent ceasefire.

  • Loya Jirga is a centuries-old tradition in Afghanistan which is usually convened at times of national crisis or to settle national issues.
  • It means “grand council” in Pashto. It is a 4 day long grand assembly held at Kabul, Afghanistan.

Business and Economy

1.

Iraq holds the position of India’s top supplier of Crude Oil in 2019 for 2nd year in a row.

  • India is world’s third largest importer of crude oil (7% of total crude oil imports) after China (world’s largest importer with 20.2% of total crude oil imports) and USA (13.8%).
  • India’s crude oil imports meets 80 % its oil needs.

2.

Vodafone Idea Ltd, India’s largest telecom operator notified a 5-year multi-million-dollar IT outsourcing deal with IBM (International Business Machines Corporation).

3.

Indian IT firm, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) surpassed the Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) led by Mukesh Ambani, in terms of Market capitalisation and became the India’s most valued firm by market capitalisation.

4.

India’s first ever ice cafe in the mountain village of Gaya in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, at 14,000 feet height above sea level, on the famous Manali-Leh Highway created by Border Road Organisation (BRO).

Environment, Science & Technological Development

1.

Australian flight carrier, Qantas operated world’s first zero-waste flight.

2.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), United States has approved first vaccine named Dengvaxia for the prevention of dengue disease.

3.

The UK Parliament becomes the first national government to pass an exemplary measure, that is, a national declaration of an Environment and Climate Emergency.

Important Days

1.

1st May: International Labour Day or May Day:

International Labour Day or Workers day is observed annually on 1 May, It is also known as May Day. The theme of International Labour Day 2019 is “Sustainable Pension for all: The Role of Social Partners”.

2.

3rd May- Press Freedom Day:

Every year Press freedom Day or World Press Freedom Day is observed on 3rd May to evaluate press freedom around the world and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession. This year it will take place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

3.

8th May – World Red Cross Day:

World Red Cross Day or Red Crescent Day celebrated on 8th May to commemorate the birth anniversary of the founder of the Red Cross Henry Dunant, the first recipient of Nobel Peace prize.

Defence

1.

The sea phase of the Indo-French naval exercise 'Varuna' began 1st May at Goa coast. The first bilateral naval exercise between India and France was held in 1983 and it was named 'Varuna' in 2001.

2.

The Pakistan Air Force announced that they will observe its retaliatory action against India on February 27 against the Balakot strike of Indian Air Force as ‘Operation Swift Retort’.

3.

Ministry of Defence has approved Indian Navy’s proposal to acquire 10 Kamov-31 helicopters from Russia.

Sports & Games

1.

Kumar Sangakkara, former Sri Lanka captain has been named as the first non-British president of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).

2.

World cup gold medallist, Apurvi Chandela became the world number one in Women’s 10m Air Rifle category.

3.

Shahid Afridi, former captain of the ‘Pakistan national cricket team‘has written his autobiography titled, ‘Game Changer’. The book has been published by Harper Collin’s India.

 

April, 2019 Part-III

Topics

Events

Environment, Science & Technological Development

A new species of East Asian birds ‘Horsfield’s Bronze Cuckoo’ (Chalcites basalis) have been spotted at Andaman and Nicobar.

The Indian Council of Medical Research has launched the ‘Malaria Elimination Research Alliance (MERA) India which is a conglomeration of partners working on malaria control in order to eliminate the disease from India by 2030.

Russia successfully tests World’s First Floating Nuclear Power Plant named ‘Akademik Lomonosov’.

State Bank of India (SBI) launched India’s first ‘Green Car Loan’ (Electric Vehicle) to encourage customers to buy electric vehicles.

The world’s first malaria vaccine RTS, S is also known as Mosquirix has launched in Malawi.

Award

British Indian novelist Rana Dasgupta has been awarded the second edition of Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019 for his 2010 novel “Solo”.

Swacchta Pakhwada Awards 2019 awarded to All India Radio, Publication Division & Children’s Film Society of India by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

Dawn editor and Columnist Cyril Almeida from Pakistan has won the IPI’s (International Press Institute) World Press Freedom Hero award in 2019 for his “critical” and “tenacious coverage” of the civil-military relations in Pakistan.

The prestigious Master Deenanath Mangeshkar Award 2019 was awarded to National Award-winning filmmaker Madhur Bhandarkar, popular scriptwriter Salim Khan and dancing diva Helen.

Important Days

April 22 observed as an Earth Day 2019 with a theme ‘Protecting Our Species’.

World Malaria Day observed on 25th April. This year, it was observed with a theme “Zero malaria starts with me”.

National Panchayati Raj Day (NPRD) is observed on 24th April.

Sports & Games

Bajrang Punia became First Indian Wrestler to fight at New York’s Iconic Madison Square Garden.

Jhulan Goswami, former captain of India national women’s cricket team, awarded the “Sportsperson of the Year” honour at the Calcutta Sports Journalists’ club (CSJC) annual awards function 2019 held at Kolkata, West Bengal.

Services bags the 6th Santosh Trophy Football Tournament title against Punjab at Guru Nanak Stadium. The Services football team represents the Indian defense services in the Santosh Trophy.

Business and Economy

India Post collaborates with TCS to digitalize 1.5 lakh post offices & creating world’s largest E-Postal network by deploying largest SAP implementation.

International Relations

Indonesia released a special stamp on the theme of Ramayana at the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between India and Indonesia.

India to be Guest of Honour country at 29th Abu Dhabi International Book Fair.

Iran in collaboration with Pakistan have agreed to set up joint border ‘Reaction Force’ to fight terrorism.

 

 

April, 2019 Part - II

  1. In 2019, 156th edition of the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack published recently, Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli and women's cricketer Smriti Mandhana were named the Leading Cricketers in the World.
  2. India's flagship programme, National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange was felicitated with ‘Public Water Agency of the Year’ award by Global Water Intelligence at the Global Water Summit in London.
  3. Two schemes, Utkarsh Bangla and Sabooj Sathi, of the West Bengal government for skill development and distribution of bicycles to students have won the prestigious World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards of the United Nations.
  4. Narendra Modi honoured with Russia’s highest state decoration, the Order of St Andrew the Apostle.
  5. Rio Paralympics silver medallist Deepa Malik was named as the recipient of the New Zealand Prime Minister’s Sir Edmund Hillary Fellowship for 2019 in recognition of her “inspiring achievements“.
  6. The world's largest airplane called ‘Roc’ weighing nearly 2, 26,800 kilograms with a 385-foot wingspan took its first ever flight in Mojave, California. Built by Stratolaunch, it's designed to launch rockets into orbit from the air.
  7. Telugu poet K Siva Reddy selected for the prestigious Saraswati Samman 2018 for his collection of poetry titled Pakkaki Ottigilite.
  8. The UNESCO/Guillermo Cano Press Freedom Prize 2019 has been awarded to Reuters reporters Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo.
  9. Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the India’s first indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile 'Nirbhay' from a test range in Odisha’s Chandipur.
  10. The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal were awarded Pulitzer Prizes for their separate investigations of President Donald Trump and his family.
  11. Bamboo rice has shown up in Odisha nearly after four decades. The state of Odisha had last witnessed Bamboo rice in 1979.
  12. Sri Lanka's first satellite Raavana l was launched into space from NASA's Flight Facility on Virginia's east shore.
  13. Saudi Arabia will host the annual G20 leaders' summit on November 21-22, 2020, in its capital Riyadh. This will be the first G20 Summit to be hosted in the Arab world. Japan will host this year's G20 summit in Osaka, which will be held June 28-29.
  14. India dropped two places to be ranked 140th out of 180 countries in the Global Press Freedom Index. Norway is ranked first.

 

► TEST YOURSELF:- 

  1. Which of the following India's flagship programme was felicitated with ‘Public Water Agency of the Year’ award at Global Water Summit?
  1. Namami Ganga Yojana
  2. AMRUT Yojana
  3. HRIDAY Yojana
  4. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
  1. Which of the following Schemes of West Bengal government won the prestigious World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) awards of the United Nations?
  1. Lokprasar Prakalpa and Krishak Bandhu Scheme
  2. Nijo Griha Nijo Bhumi and Gatidhara Scheme
  3. Utkarsh Bangla and Sabooj Sathi
  4. Kanyashree and Sabooj Sathi
  1. Which country recently honours PM Narendra Modi with its highest civilian award?
  1. Russia
  2. Indonesia
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Japan
  1. Which of the following won the Pulitzer Prizes for Trump probes?
  1. New York Times and The Wall Street Journal
  2. The New Yorker and Family Circle
  3. Time and People
  4. None of the above
  1. Which country will host the annual G20 leaders' summit in 2020, first in Arab world?
  1. Bahrain
  2. Qatar
  3. Egypt
  4. Saudi Arabia

 

 

April, 2019 Part-I

  1. Bank of Baroda becomes the 3rd largest bank after its merger with Dena Bank & Vijaya Bank.
  2. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species added hump-backed mahseer, also known as ‘Tor remadevii’ or ‘tiger of water’ in critically endangered species list.
  3. COMCASA (Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement): First secure link between India, US navies set up.
  4. Japan has unveiled its New Imperial Era name called “Reiwa”.
  5. Indian Army Constructs the Longest Suspension Bridge ‘Maitri’ over river Indus in Leh-Ladakh in just 40 days.
  6. Vikram patel, a psychiatrist and professor of global health at Harvard Medical school, has been honoured with prestigious John drinks Canada Gairdner Global Health award.
  7. UAE honoured PM Narendra Modi with its highest civilian award, the Zayed Medal for boosting the bilateral ties between both of the nations.
  8. South Korea has unveiled the world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks. This has made South Korea to be the first providers of the super-fast wireless technology.
  9. Phayeng, a scheduled caste village of the Chakpa community of Manipur has been tagged as India’s first carbon-positive settlement. 
  10. The first global multi-stakeholder conference on synergies is summoned by (UN DESA) the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs and the (UN FCCC) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change between the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change, was held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
  11. David Malpass has been elected as World bank President.
  12. NASSCOM (National Association of Software and services companies), an IT industry body has appointed Keshav Murugesh as its Chairman for 2019-20.
  13. Praful Patel, President of All India Football Federation (AIFF) has been designated to be the FIFA Executive Council member. He has become the first Indian to enter the elite panel of the game’s global governing body.
  14. T B N Radhakrishnan sworn-in as the new Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court.
  15. Pali Scholar Dr Gyanaditya Shakya honoured with Presidential Award of Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman 2019.
  16. World Health Day observed on April 7. Theme – “Universal health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere”.
  17. A music and poetry festival titled ‘Jashn-e-Ittihaad’ was held at the Jamia Milia Islamia central university in New Delhi to spread awareness about unity amongst the youth.
  18. The Guwahati Railway Station has become the first ever railway station in the Indian Railways to get an ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) certification from the National Green Tribunal (NGT). It has been given this certificate for providing passenger amenities in a clean and green environment.
  19. 73-year-old Israeli Isaak Hayik set a new world record as the world’s oldest person to play in a professional soccer match.
  20. London became the first city in the world to implement a Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) for 24×7 hours a week, inside which vehicles will have to meet tough emissions standards.
  21. Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack 2019 has named Virat Kohli and Smriti Mandhana as the Leading male and female cricketer of the year 2019 respectively.
  22. In the latest release of FIFA (The Federation Internationale de Football Association) world football rankings, Indian football team mounted two places to rank at 101.
  23. World Homoeopathy Day 2019 is observed on April 10.

 

  •     TEST YOURSELF    
  1. Over which river the Indian Army does constructed longest suspension bridge named ‘Maitri’?
    1) Brahmaputra River
    2) Yamuna River
    3) Indus River
    4) Godavari River

  2. Name the person, who was honoured with the prestigious John Dirks Canada Gairdner Global Health Award.
    1) Vikram Patel
    2) Shekhar Saxena
    3) Mohan Agashe
    4) Rajendra Badgaiyan

  3. Name the Indian Politician who was honoured with UAE’s highest civilian award “Zayed Medal” recently.
    1) Sushma Swaraj
    2) Ram Nath Kovind
    3) Arun Jaitley
    4) Narendra Modi

  4. Which country has unveiled the world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks?
    1
    ) China
    2) US
    3) Japan
    4) South Korea

  5. Which village was tagged as India’s first carbon-positive settlement recently?
    1) Phayeng, Manipur
    2) Mawlynnong, Meghalaya
    3) Saiha, Mizoram
    4) Lunglei, Mizoram

  6. What is the rank of India in the FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) ranking 2019?
    1) 100
    2) 101
    3) 103
    4) 105

  7. U.S. Treasury official David Malpass was appointed as the president of which international financial institution?
    1) New Development Bank
    2) World Bank
    3) African Development Bank
    4) European Investment Bank

  8. Who became the first Indian, to be designated as a member of FIFA Executive Council?
    1) Pradip Dutta
    2) Kushal Das
    3) Sunando Dhar
    4) Praful Patel

  9. Name the railway station which is first in India to get ISO certification?
    1) Howrah Railway Station
    2) Guwahati Railway Station
    3) Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
    4) Sealdah Railway Station

  10. Name the first city in the world to implement a Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) for 24×7 hours a week to reduce toxic air pollution and protect public health.
    1) New York
    2) Samara
    3) Shangai
    4) London

  11. Who was named as the Leading male cricketer of the year 2019 for the third consecutive time by the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack 2019? 
    1) Virat Kohli
    2) M.S. Dhoni
    3) Rashid Khan
    4) Jos Buttler

 

March 2019 Part - III


  1. United Nations released World Happiness Report where India is ranked 140th out of 156 nations. India shows a 7 spot decline.
  2. Integral Coach Factory of Chennai became the world’s largest rail coach manufacturer.
  3. Chennai City FC crowned as the I–League Champion by All India Football Federation (AIFF) in Chennai.
  4. In Meghalaya India’s deepest shaft cave discovered. Meghalaya Adventurers’ Association (MAA) has discovered India’s deepest shaft at Krem Um Ladaw. It has 105 m deep shaft entrance passage.
  5. International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination observed on March 21.
  6. World Water Day (WWD) 2019 observed on 22nd March.
  7. Vice Admiral Karambir Singh to be designated as Next Chief of Naval Staff.
  8. IIT Madras partnered with ESPN Cricinfo to launch ‘Superstats’ to analyse cricket statistics.
  9. India’s ranks on the second edition of WEF global Energy Transition index is 76.
  10. Oslo, the capital city of Norway will become the world’s first city to install wireless, induction-based charging stations.
  11. World’s largest e-waste recycling hub opened at the Dubai Industrial Park, Dubai.
  12. To boost Electoral Process, Social-networking site Facebook launches two new tools “Candidate Connect” and “Share You Voted”.
  13. Infosys joined hands through Roland-Garros to provide digital solution for French Open tennis tournament.
  14. Sridevi won Life Time Achievement Award in the 64th Film Fare Awards 2019.
  15. Peter Tabichi, a Kenyan math and physics teacher and a member of the Franciscan religious order has been conferred with the prestigious $1 million Varkey Foundation Global Teacher Prize for 2019 at a ceremony in Dubai hosted by Hollywood actor, Hugh Jackman.
  16. Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton, and Yann LeCun conferred with Turing Award, the Nobel Prize of computing.
  17. Four sports including Breakdancing got provisional green light for Paris Olympics 2024. Surfing, Skateboarding and sport climbing also got approval for provisional inclusion in Summer Olympics 2024 from IOC.
  18. Tashigang at an altitude of 15,256 feet has now became the world’s highest polling station in the sleepy hamlet of Buddhist-dominated Lahaul-Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.
  19. Dr. Rajendra Kumar Joshi, the founder and chairman of the RUJ Group has been conferred with the prestigious Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award on 29th March, 2019.
  20. China’s Shanghai claimed to have the world’s first district with 5G coverage.
  21. South Korea won Azlan Shah Hockey Cup by defeating India.
 

  TEST YOURSELF   

  1. What is the rank of India, according to the United Nation’s World Happiness Report 2019?
    1) 127
    2) 130
    3) 133
    4) 140

  2. Who was appointed as the 24th chief of naval staff of India?
    1) Robin K Dhowan
    2) Devendra Kumar Joshi
    3) Karambir Singh
    4) Nirmal Kumar Verma

  3. What is the rank of India in the Energy Transition index 2019 released by World Economic Forum (WEF)?
    1) 70th
    2) 76th
    3) 80th
    4) 81st

  4. Which city became the world’s first city to install wireless, induction-based charging stations?
    1) London, England
    2) Oslo, Norway
    3) Bangkok, Thailand
    4) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  5. Which became the World’s first district with 5G coverage?
    1) Hokkaido
    2) Shanghai
    3) Sakon Nakhon
    4) Chonburi

  6. Where is the world’s largest e-waste recycling plant inaugurated?
    1) Kuala Lumpur Industrial Park, Malaysia
    2) London Industrial Park, London
    3) Dubai Industrial Park, Dubai
    4) Bengaluru Industrial Park, India

  7. Which of the following countries has clinched Azlan Shah Trophy in Hockey by defeating India?
1) South Korea
2) Pakistan
3) Indonesia
4) Belgium

  1. Tashigang became the world’s highest polling station belongs to which state?
1) Kerala
2) Karnataka
3) Andhra Pradesh
4) Himachal Pradesh

  1. Who was conferred with the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award 2019 for his magnificent achievements in the field of science, education and medicine?
    1) S.R. Nathan
    2) Prakash Lohia
    3) Rajendra Kumar Joshi
    4) Rajesh Kumar Saraiya

  2. Which city is set to host Olympic and Paralympic Games in the year 2020?
1) Tokyo
2) Beijing
3) Shanghai
4) Hangzhou

 

March 2019 Part - II

  1. The Marshall Islands is planning to release a digital currency called “SOV” (Sovereign) in 2019.
  2. Madhya Pradesh Government has increased reservation for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) from 14 per cent to 27 per cent, making MP the only state in India to have 27 per cent quota for OBCs.
  3. India’s first LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer) Clinic and HIV treatment centre inaugurated by Humsafar Trust in Mumbai.
  4. The Indian Sundarban was accorded with the status of ‘Wetland of International Importance’ in the Ramsar Convention. Indian Sundarban which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger.
  5. Krishna Kumari Kohli has been appointed as the first female senator of Pakistan from the Hindu Dalit community. She is also the first Thari Hindu woman to be elected to the Pakistan senate.
  6. Experts from the University of Birmingham and policy makers and researchers from India announced a collaboration to jointly develop strategies to resolve health, social and economic issues linked to air pollution in Delhi.
  7. A new 50p ‘black hole’ coin in honour of Stephen Hawking’s work unveiled by Royal Mint.
  8. The State Bank of India has initiated a new ‘doorstep banking’ service for senior citizens, differently-abled and infirm account holders as well as visually impaired customers.
  9. Argentina and Colombia will co-host Copa America 2020.
  10. Special Olympics World Games 2019 began at Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  11. Karnataka defeated Maharashtra to clinch their first Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy. The Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy is a Twenty20 cricket domestic championship in India, organized by Board of Control for Cricket in India, among the teams from Ranji Trophy.
  12. Microsoft launched Project ‘Sangam’ to boost India’s Swachh Bharat Mission.
  13. Kathak dancer Seema Mehta conferred with Nari Shakti Puraskar by the President.
  14. Cyclone Idai hit the Mozambique city of Beira and caused heavy rain and landfall at the port city.
  15. Scientists at University of Texas (UT) developed solar-powered device that creates water from thin air.
  16. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur will adopt Amazon Web Services (AWS) Educate programme to help students gain cloud computing skills including hands-on experience in artificial intelligence (AI).
  17. Bengaluru FC won their first ISL Title beating FC Goa by 1-0.
  18. Pramod Sawant took oath as 13th Chief Minister of Goa succeeding Manohar Parrikar, who died due to Cancer.
  19. Shah Faesal, 2010 batch civil servant who had resigned from his post this year, launched his political party ‘Jammu and Kashmir Peoples’ Movement’(JKPM) in Jammu and Kashmir.
  20. A Mobile app ‘Conquer Exam, Be a Warrior’ developed by Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, Gujarat, (IIPHG) to reduce the exam pressure.
  21. Kazakhstan has renamed its capital as Nursultan from its previous name Astana in order to recognize its outgoing leader Nursultan Nazarbayev (78), who has served nearly 30 years as president of Kazakhstan.
  22. Leeladhar Jagudi honoured with Vyas Samman 2018 for his collection of poems “Jitne Log Utne Prem” published in 2013.
  23. American professor Karen Uhlenbeck has become the first woman to win the prestigious Math Award: Abel Prize.
  24. Former Supreme Court judge Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghosh appointed as the country’s first Lokpal or the anti-corruption ombudsman, by President Ram Nath Kovind.
  25. On March 20th of every year the ‘International Happiness Day’ is celebrated worldwide. Theme of International Day of Happiness 2019 is ‘Happier Together’.
  26. Indian gymnast Dipa Karmakar was selected as Barbie role model & was presented with a one-of-a-kind doll by Barbie as the company celebrates its 60th anniversary.

Test Yourself

  1. Name the cyclone, which hit Mozambique city of Beira.
  1. Nargis
  2. Idai
  3. Cuba
  4. Opal
  1. Who was sworn in as 13th Chief Minister of Goa after the demise of Manohar Parrikar?
  1. Bhupesh Baghel
  2. Kamalnath
  3. Pramod Sawant
  4. Neiphiu Rio
  1. Who has been awarded the top prize of mathematics ‘Abel’ for 2019?
  1. Maryam Mirzakhani
  2. Peter D. Lax
  3. Andrew J. Wills
  4. Karen Uhlenbeck
  1. Who among the following has been appointed as the first Lokpal of India?
  1. Justice (Retd) J.S. Khehar
  2. Justice (Retd) Ranjana Prakash Desai
  3. Justice (Retd) H.L.Datu
  4. Justice (Retd) Pinaki Chandra Ghosh
  1. Who has become the first-ever Thari Hindu woman to be elected to the Senate of Pakistan?
  1. Ravi Kalpana
  2. Ekta Bisht
  3. Krishna Kohli
  4. Taniya Bhatiya
  1. Which state government has recently approved 27% quota for OBCs?
  1. U.P.
  2. Bihar
  3. Jharkhand
  4. M.P.
  1. India’s first LGBTQ clinic and HIV treatment centre has inaugurated in which of the following cities?
  1. New Delhi
  2. Mumbai
  3. Kolkata
  4. Chennai
  1. United Kingdom has issued new ‘black hole’ coin in honour of which of the following renowned personalities?
  1. Isaac Newton
  2. Charles Darwin
  3. Tim Berners-Lee
  4. Stephen Hawking
  1. Which of the following banks has launched doorstep banking service for senior citizens over 70 years of age and differently-abled customers?
  1. SBI
  2. AXIS BANK
  3. PNB
  4. Bank of Baroda
  1. Which of the following teams has won the Indian Super League (ISL) title?
  1. Munbai City FC
  2. FC Goa
  3. Bengaluru FC
  4. Kerala Blasters

 

March 2019 Part - I

  1. SHREYAS (Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills) portal launched by Prakash Javadekar for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities to youth.
  2. Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal announced a new railway zone for Andhra Pradesh, that is the Southern Coast Railway and it will be headquartered in Visakhapatnam. It will be the 18th zone in the country.
  3. A UAE based company will release 12 bank notes of zero value which is the first ever limited edition commemorative series to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  4. ‘Banglar Shiksha’ web portal launched by West Bengal Government to provide real-time data on state-run and aided schools.
  5. Rice Knowledge Bank-Assam, which is an agriculture web portal is dedicated to magnify knowledge on rice production technologies and techniques, best production practices and state agriculture facts, was launched under World Bank funded project – Agri-business and Rural Transformation (APART).
  6. New Greenfield Airport of Rs. 1405 crore will be set up in Rajkot. Kazi Nazrul Islam airport of West Bengal is India’s first private Greenfield airport located in Durgapur-Andal region.
  7. The 79th Indian History Congress (IHC) was held at Barkatullah University in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
  8. Pulkit Sapra, 26, from Delhi and Suman Muralikrishnan, 27, from Chennai, former students and researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi have created a laptop for visually-impaired called “DotBook”.
  9. Abu Dhabi hosted Organization of Islamic Corporation (OIC) meeting.
  10. Assam’s Hailakandi became the top aspirational district as per NITI Aayog report.
  11. English cricketer Alastair Cook officially receives knighthood from Queen of England at the Buckingham Palace, London, England.
  12. Centre has named Bhagwan Lal Sahni as the Chairman of National Commission for Backward Classes.
  13. Prayagraj Kumbha Mela 2019 makes it to the Guinness World Records. The sectors are:
  • The largest traffic and crowd management plan.
  • The biggest painting exercise of public sites under “Paint My City” scheme.
  • The biggest sanitation and waste disposal mechanism.
  1. Gurugram became world’s most polluted city in 2018 as per 2018 World Air Quality Report.
  2. IDBI Bank gets govt nod to handle import and export transactions with Iran. Iran is the third largest supplier of oil to India, after Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  3. Olympic Council of Asia decided to invite Oceania Nations to compete in 2022 Asian Games for the first time after a meeting held in Bangkok. Oceania Nations which includes Australia, New Zealand and a swathe of Pacific islands will compete in to Volleyball, beach volleyball, basketball, football, swimming and track cycling events.
  4. Malaysia became a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
  5. SBI and Hitachi Payment Services launched SBIPSPL (SBI Payment Services Pvt Ltd) to establish digital payments platform in India.
  6. Swachh Survekhshan 2019 Awards presented by President Ram Nath Kovind. Indore bagged award for cleanest city for third straight year.
  7. Japanese architect Arata Isozaki wins Pritzker Prize, the highest honour in the field of architecture.
  8. Google India has unveiled an app- Bolo which focuses on improving the reading and comprehension skills of students, especially the ones in rural areas.
  9. Mamata Banerjee launched Yuvashree Arpan scheme for financially assisting young entrepreneurs under which 50,000 youths will receive financial assistance of Rs 1 lakh for setting up an their own business initiatives.
  10. Soumya Swaminathan appointed as Chief Scientist at WHO.
  11. 16-year-old P. Iniyan became 61st Chess Grandmaster of India.
  12. March 8 observed as International Women’s Day. The theme for this year is “Think equal, build smart, and innovate for change”.
  13. Padma Lakshmi named as Goodwill Ambassador of UNDP (United Nations Development Programme).
  14. India claims the First Prize at The International ‘Golden City Gate Tourism Awards 2019’ in the category of ‘TV Cinema Spot’ at ITB, Berlin.
  15. ACKO General Insurance was awarded the prestigious Golden Peacock Innovative Product Award – 2019, for their contextual micro insurance product -“Ola Ride Insurance“.

TEST YOURSELF:


1. Name the web portal launched by West Bengal Education Minister, Partha Chatterjee,to provide real-time data on state-run and aided schools?

A) BANGLAR SCHOOL

B) BANGLAR SHIKSHA

C) BANGLAR EDUCATION

D) None of these


2. Which district has become the top aspirational district among the 112 aspirational districts according to NITI AAYOG?

A) West Bengal’s Alipurduar

B) West Bengal’s Jhargram

C) Assam’s Tinsukia

D) Assam’s Hailakandi


3. Which city bagged the cleanest city award in Swachh Survekshan 2019 Awards in New Delhi?

A) Bhopal

B) Guwahati

C) Indore

D) Ahmedabad


4. Which of the following state government launched Yuvashree Arpan scheme for financially assisting young entrepreneurs with Rs 1 Lakh?

A) Assam

B) Odisha

C) West Bengal

D) Maharashtra


5. Who was appointed as the Chief Scientist of the World Health Organisation (WHO)?

A) Assad Hafeez

B) Alejandro Svarch

C) Soumya Swaminathan

D) Saleh Banoita Tourab


6. Which of the following countries has recently become the member of International Criminal Court (ICC)?

A) Malayasia

B) New Macedonia

C) Bangladesh

D) Qatar


7. What was the theme of the International Women’s Day,which is observed on March 8, 2019?

A) “Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality”

B) “Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030”

C) “Time is Now: Rural and urban activists transforming women’s lives”

D) “Think equal, build smart, innovate for change”


8. Which of the following has won the prestigious Golden Peacock Innovative Product Award – 2019?

A) Life Insurance Corporation

B) Sriram General Insurance

C) ACKO General Insurance

D) None of These


9. Which app is launched by Google India which focuses on improving the reading and comprehension skills of students, especially the ones in rural areas?

A) Balkshetra

B) Bolo

C) Shiksha

D) None of these


10. Who is recently appointed as Goodwill Ambassador of UNDP?

A) Jaya Prada

B) Padma Lakshmi

C) Saniya Mirza

D) Priyanka Chopra

 

February 2019, Part - III

  1. ‘International Vision Zero Conference’ was inaugurated in Mumbai, Maharashtra to promote occupational safety and health.
  2. ‘Operation Digital Board’ launched by HRD Ministry to provide better digital education.
  3. 8th World CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) Congress 2019 held in Mumbai.
  4. Thiruvananthapuram to host Attukal Pongala festival which is world’s largest religious congregation of women.
  5. Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurated first humanoid police robot in India named KP-BOT.
  6. Chinese news agency Xinhua unveiled the world’s first female AI news anchor Xin Xiaomeng.
  7. Australian small brown rat becomes World’s first mammal to go extinct due to climate change.
  8. International Mother Language day observed on February 21, 2019. Theme - Indigenous languages as a factor in development, peace and reconciliation.
  9. The Spanish Government conferred upon Sushma Swaraj the prestigious Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit for India’s swift response through Operation Maitri in rescuing 71 Spanish nationals from Nepal in April 2015, in the wake of the disastrous earthquake.
  10. Divya Karnad became the First Indian Woman to be honoured with the “Global Future of Nature Award” for her work on marine conservation.
  11. Government decided to stop share of Indus water to Pakistan. Under the Indus Waters Treaty, India shares water of the Beas and Sutlej rivers with Pakistan.
  12. Bihar becomes the 1st state to deploy dog squad to check liquor smuggling.
  13. Odisha launches boat ambulance service for remote areas.
  14. Cobra Gold, one of world’s largest multinational military exercises, held in Thailand. Thailand and the United States hosted the annual Cobra Gold military exercise. Apart from the 2 countries, 7 countries who participated in the exercise were India, Singapore, Japan, China, Indonesia, Malaysia and South Korea.
  15. Central Excise day observed on 24th February, 2019.
  16. 2019 Passport Index: India at 67th & UAE in Top.
  17. Himachal Pradesh government declared Monkeys as vermin.
  18. Narendra Modi dedicated to the nation the National War Memorial (NWM) near India Gate in New Delhi which commemorates the soldiers who participated and made the supreme sacrifice in Peacekeeping Missions and Counter Insurgency Operations.
  19. Afghanistan opens new export route to India through Iran’s Chabahar port.
  20. President presented Gandhi Peace Prize for 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. The following are the awardees:

2015 – Vivekanand Kendra, Kanyakumari

2016 – Akshaya Patra Foundation and Sulabh International (jointly)

2017 – Ekal Abhiyan Trust

2018 – Yohei Sasakawa


  1. India ranked 47th in the “Inclusive Internet Index 2019”.
  2. The 91st Academy Awards (commonly known as Oscars), presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honoured the best films of 2018, on February 24, 2019, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.

Best picture - Green Book

Best actress - Olivia Colman (The Favourite)

Best actor - Rami Malek (Bohemian Rhapsody)

Best director - Alfonso Cuaron (Roma)

Best foreign language film - Roma (Mexico)


 

 

February 2019, Part - II

  1. Himalayan Cloud Observatory is set up in Uttarakhand’s Tehri district with a motive to forecast and monitor cloudburst incidents in the Himalayan region and help minimising the damage.
  2. Hindi is included as the third official language in the Abu Dhabi court system.
  3. World Government Summit held in Dubai.
  4. Indian Historian Sanjay Subrahmanyam won Israel’s prestigious Dan David Prize in the category ‘Past time dimension’ for his work in macro history.
  5. Macedonia officially changed its name to North Macedonia.
  6. ‘Smiling Clouded Leopard’ to be the Mascot for the National Games 2022. Meghalaya will host the 2022 National Games.
  7. India’s fastest train, Vande Bharat Express, to be run between New Delhi and Varanasi, flagged off by PM Narendra Modi.
  8. World Sustainable Development Summit 2019 held at New Delhi.
  9. India’s first Aqua Mega Food Park commissioned in Andhra Pradesh.
  10. India’s first district cooling system to be built in Amravati.
  11. The Raigarh Municipal Corporation of Chhattisgarh has won the Swachhata Excellence awards 2019.
  12. Abdul Aziz Muhamat, a Manus Island refugee, wins international human rights prize. He was given the Martin Ennals Award 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland, for exposing “the very cruel asylum seeker policy of the Australian Government”.
  13. Hina Jaiswal became the first Indian Woman Flight Engineer of IAF.
  14. Vidarbha clinches the Irani Cup title.
  15. Rabindranath Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony awarded by the President. The awardees were:
  • Shri Rajkumar Singhajit Singh for the year 2014
  • Chhayanaut (a cultural organization of Bangladesh) for the year 2015
  • Shri Ram Sutar Vanji for the year for 2016
  1. Sunil Chhetri awarded the India’s first-ever “Football Ratna” by Football Delhi.
  2. Yuwa, a Jharkhand-based NGO working for girl empowerment, won the Laureus Sport for Good award of the Laureus World Sports Awards.
  3. International Annual Desert Festival held on the sand dune in Jaisalmer.
  4. The world's first electric train engine converted from a diesel engine flagged off in Uttar Pradesh's Varanasi.
  5. Union Home Minister launched pan India number 112 for women safety in 16 states and Union Territories.

 

February 2019, (Part-I)


  1. Mithali Raj becomes first female to play 200 ODIs.
  2. World Wetlands Day – February 2.
  3. Indus River Dolphin declared as Punjab’s State aquatic animal.
  4. 2019 International Spice Conference 2019 held in Hyderabad.
  5. Rishi Kumar Shukla has been appointed as the new director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
  6. EU parliament recognized Juan Guaido as Venezuelan interim president.
  7. Qatar won their First-ever Asian Cup Title in Football by defeating Japan.
  8. Pakistan women team member Sana Mir becomes first Asian woman to play hundred T20Is.
  9. World Cancer Day observed on February 4.
  10. Kala Ghoda (India’s largest multi-cultural street festival) festival 2019 was held in Mumbai.
  11. 325 children rescued under “Operation Smile” in Hyderabad. The One month long programme aims to rescue child labourers and children engaged in begging.
  12. World heritage centre to be set up at Mayapur in West Bengal.
  13. Zero Fatality Corridor is launched by Delhi Government to reduce Road Accidents.
  14. RBI had reduced 0.25 basis points in the Policy Rates with immediate effect. The Change in Policy rates are as follows:

Policy Rates

6th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy(Feb 2019)

5th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy(Dec 2018)

Repo Rate

6.25%

6.50%

Reverse Repo Rate

6.00%

6.25%

Marginal Standing Facility Rate

6.50%

6.75%

Bank Rate

6.50%

6.75%

Reserve Ratios

6th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy(Feb 2019)

5th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy(Dec 2018)

Cash Reserve Ratio(CRR)

4%

4%

Statutory Liquidity Ratio(SLR)

19.25%

19.5%


  1. Vidarbha clinched second successive Ranji Title defeating Saurashtra.
  2. India slipped to 103rd in latest FIFA ranking.
  3. India inked MoU with Bangladesh to train its 1800 civil servants.
  4. Father Francois Laborde, a 92-year-old priest, conferred with the Legion d’Honneur, the highest civilian award of France, in recognition of his work for specially-abled children in Howrah.
  5. Yes Bank wins the Aegis Graham Bell Award 2018 for ‘Innovation in Data Science’.

 

January, 2019 (Pt - III)

  1. GOI launched defence industrial Corridor in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. This is considered to be the second defence industrial corridor succeeding the one launched in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.
  2. Maharashtra won the Khelo India Youth Games.
  3. Microsoft launches e-platform under Project ReWeave to help Handloom weavers.
  4. Bharat Ratna CNR Rao chosen for Sheikh Saud International Prize for Materials Research by UAE.
  5. The Andhra Pradesh State Cabinet has decided to give 5% quota for Kapu community and another 5% to the Economically Backward Classes (EBCs) among the forward castes.
  6. MP Anurag Thakur honoured with Sansad Ratna Award for his performance as a parliamentarian.
  7. 4th Arab Economic and Social Development Summit held in Beirut, Lebanon.
  8. Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura celebrated statehood day on 21st January.  In the year 1972, all the three states became full-fledged states under the North Eastern Region (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
  9. Nitin Gadkari inaugurated first inter-state bridge over Ravi River in J&K.
  10. Arunachal Pradesh Govt declares Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival as ‘state festival’. The PPHF festival is celebrated for the first time in 2015 to recognize the role played by the resident Nyishi tribe in conserving hornbills in the Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR).
  11. Three day Flamingo festival was celebrated in Pulicat Lake,Andhra Pradesh. Flamingo Festival is a 12-year-long tradition of the region. The highlight of this fest is the sight of colourful migratory birds from Siberia that visit the region for nesting and breeding.
  12. India up one place on global talent competitiveness ranking at 80th ranked by INSEAD.
  13. Kohli first player to win all three top ICC awards in single year-ICC Awards 2018.He won the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year, the ICC Men’s Test Player of the Year and the ICC Men’s ODI Player of the year for his performance in 2018.
  14. North Western Railway (NWR) won the ‘Total Cleanliness Survey’ by Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).
  15. Exercise SEA VIGIL: Indian Navy Coordinates largest ever Coastal Defence Exercise 10 years after “26/11”.
  16. RPF women squad “JOYMATI BAHINI” launched in Guwahati.
  17. India ranks at 54th position among most innovative countries: Bloomberg 2019 Innovative Index.South Korea has topped the list.
  18. Gujarati poet Sitanshu Yashaschandra awarded Saraswati Samman for the year 2017. Yashaschandra was awarded for his poetry collection, ‘Vakhar,‘ published in 2009.
  19. Mohammed Shami is the fastest Indian bowler to reach 100 ODI wickets.
  20. 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas Convention held in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The theme of this year’s Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas (PBD) convention was “Role of Indian Diaspora in building New India”.
  21. Prime Minister launches Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana. Under this scheme a group of Indian origin currently in different nations will be taken to all religious places in India twice a year.
  22. World’s longest 3D printed concrete bridge was opened in China. It is located on the Wenzaobang River in Shanghai.
  23. 24th January is observed as International Day of Education. 24th of January is also celebrated as National girl child day with the theme for 2019 as “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow”.
  24. Indian Navy has commissioned its third naval base, INS Kohassa at Andaman and Nicobar islands.
  25. Ninth National Voters Day was celebrated across the country on 25th January.
  26. Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) receives Best Miniratna PSU award.
  27. Sultan Abdullah elected new Malaysian King.
  28. United Kingdom (UK) government has made an announced of a research project to study Nitrogen pollution in India and South Asia. South Asian Nitrogen Hub will be led by United Kingdom’s “Centre for Ecology and Hydrology” under the new partnership programme.
  29. Jnanpith awardee, acclaimed author Krishna Sobti passes away at 93.
  30. India launched Apollo Proton Cancer Centre (APCC) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. With this launch, India has become the 16th country in the world to offer proton therapy for cancer.
  31. Tamil Nadu State government bagged two awards for its performance pertaining to the Union government’s Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.
  32. Bharat Ratna Award 2019 1. Former President Pranab Mukherjee 2. Social Activist Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously) 3. Musician Dr Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously) in New Delhi.
  33. India Celebrates 70th Republic Day On 26th January. South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa, was the Chief Guest of the 70th Republic Day.
  34. President Ram Nath Kovind Conferred Ashok Chakra, India’s highest peacetime gallantry honour to militant-turned-soldier, Lance Naik Nazir Ahmad Wani.
  35. ‘Nari-Shakti’ is the Oxford Dictionaries Hindi Word of the year for 2018.
  36. The Pakistan government declared sugarcane juice as the “national drink” of the country.
  37. International Customs Day celebrated on January 26.
  38. The Winners of the Australian Open 2019 are: Women’s Singles: Naomi Osaka of Japan. Men’s Singles: Novak Djokovic of Serbia.
  39. Government of India signed an agreement with Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for India’s participation in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2021.
  40. World Economic Forum Annual Meeting held in Davos, Switzerland. The theme of the event was “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
  41. Dubai Airport retains top position as world’s Busiest Airport.
  42. India replaces Japan as 2nd top Steel Producing according to World Steel Report.
  43. Jayant Kaikini was named the winner of the DSC Prize for South Asian Literature for his translated work “No Presents Please.” Jayant and translator Tejaswini Niranjana received the award from eminent writer Ruskin Bond.
  44. Tamilnadu bags Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) awards for Swasth Bharat Yatra.
  45. India Ranked at 78th Position in Global Corruption Index. Denmark has topped the list.
  46. Kleinman Center for Energy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania awards 4th annual Carnot Prize to Union Minister Shri Piyush Goyal.
  47. Pakistan Appoints Suman Kumari, as Its First Ever Female Hindu Civil Judge.
  48. 30th January 2019, is celebrated as World Leprosy Eradication Day. Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease is a highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.
  49.  National Martyr’s Day or Sarvodaya Day was observed on 30th January to mark the death anniversary of our greatest Hero and father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi who was assassinated by Nathuram Dodse on 30th January 1948.
  50. Winners of Padma Vibhushan 2019

    Name

    Field

    State

    Ms. Teejan Bai

    Art-Vocals-Folk

    Chhattisgarh

    Shri Ismail Omar Guelleh (Foreigner)

    Public Affairs

    Djibouti

    Shri Anilkumar Manibhai Naik

    Trade & Industry-Infrastructure

    Maharashtra

    Shri Balwant Moreshwar Purandare

    Art-Acting-Theatre

    Maharashtra


 

 

January, 2019 (Part-II)

1. 4th Edition of Raisina Dialogue held in New Delhi. The Raisina Dialogue is India’s flagship annual geopolitical and geostrategic conference.


2. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has approved Iran’s Pasargad Bank to open branches in Mumbai for easing trade related transactions.


3. ‘Space fuel’, made by crystallizing CO2, to curb greenhouse gases created by IIT Madras scientists.


4. M C Mary Kom attained the first position in the latest women ranking released by the International Boxing Association (AIBA).


5. Malala Yousafzai pens New Book “We Are Displaced” On Refugee Girls.


6. On 9th January 2019, Bharatiya Pravasi Day is celebrated, marks the contribution of overseas Indian community in the development of India.


7. On 10th January 2019, World Hindi day celebrated, marking the anniversary of first World Hindi Conference which was held in 1975 and inaugurated by the then prime minister Indira Gandhi. Theme of this year:  “to promote the language at the global stage”. Whereas National Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on 14th September, marks the adaption of Hindi, written in Devanagari script as the official language.


7. Nicolas Maduro sworn in as Venezuela Prez for 2nd term amid economic crisis.


8. Japan's passport ranked world's most powerful, India's 79th.


9. 6 states, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand, signed an agreement for Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project. Under the project, three storage projects are proposed to be constructed on the river Yamuna and two of its tributaries - Tons and Giri in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.


10. World Economic Forum announced that the Tata Steel plant at IJmuiden in the Netherlands has been recognized as ‘Manufacturing Lighthouses’ – a distinction awarded to manufacturing facilities which are seen as leaders in technologies of the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’.


11. India Manufacturing Barometer 2019 Report is released by Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in association with PC.


12. Sikkim CM launched ‘One Family, One Job’ scheme in Rojgar Mela 2019 to give one state government job to one family.


13. IDFC Bank changed its name to IDFC First Bank Ltd owing to the merge of the bank with Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC) Capital First on December 2018.


14. Gujarat becomes 1st state to implement 10% quota to EWS (Economically Weaker sections).


15. India’s largest start-up is Ecosystem.


16. First-ever Philip Kotler Presidential award entitled to PM Narendra Modi.


17. Suresh Prabhu inaugurates Global Aviation Summit 2019 in Mumbai.


18. First one- day Turtle Festival celebrated in Puri, Odisha to promote conservation of olive ridley turtles.


19.  Finance ministry and the Reserve Bank of India will work towards the prompt corrective action (PCA) framework for stressed banks. Prompt corrective action (PCA) is based on breach any of the three key regulatory trigger points — capital to risk-weighted assets ratio, net non-performing assets and return on assets. Currently, there are 12 banks - 11 in the public sector and one in the private sector (Dhanlaxmi Bank) under PCA Framework.


20. International Cricket Council (ICC) announced that Manu Sawhney appointed as the organization’s new Chief Executive Officer (CEO).


21. Chennai’s Gukesh Crowned India’s Youngest Grandmaster.


22. Bangalore entitled World’s most Dynamic City.


23. World Economic Forum released its  14th edition of annual Global Risk Report 2019 ahead of the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos.


24. RBI announced the New External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) Framework to promote ease of doing business and attract capital inflow.


25. WHO Goodwill ambassador Yohei Sasakawa received Gandhi Peace Prize for 2018 for his contribution in Leprosy eradication in India and across the world.


26. India born, Dr. Rattan Lal honoured with 2019 Japan Prize for his contributions in “Biological Production, Ecology”.


27. Indian female wrestler Vinesh Phogat, who hails from Haryana, became the first Indian athlete to receive a nomination in the prestigious Laureus World Comeback of the Year Award.


28. Nashik in Maharashtra to be the site of the country’s second defence innovation hub after Coimbatore.


29. “Poetic Justice” Asif Khosa takes oath as 26th Chief Justice of Pakistan.


30. BHEL and LIBCOIN to build India’s first Lithium Ion Giga Factory.


31. Government has taken decision to make Euro 6 Emission standards necessary for the initial launch of vehicles from 1 April 2020.


32. UNESCO names Rio de Janeiro as World Capital of Architecture for 2020.

 

January, 2019 (Part -I)

1. ESAF small finance bank gets RBI approval to operate as scheduled bank.


2.  Prime Minister Modi announced renaming of three islands of Andaman and Nicobar.

The 3 islands are: 

The Ross Island - Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep.

The Neil Island - Shaheed Dweep.

The Havelock Island - Swaraj Dweep.


3. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of 50 MW LNG-based power project at Hope Town in South Andaman.


4. On 31st December 2018, India Women Cricket team Vice-captain and Left-handed opener, Smriti Mandhana was adjudged ‘Rachael Heyhoe Flint Award' for the Women’s Cricketer of the Year as well as the ‘Women’s ODI Player of the Year’ by the International Cricket Council (ICC).


5. Harmanpreet Kaur of India has been named the captain of ICC Women’s T20I Team of the Year, 2018.


6. US-based Kathak dancer Anindita Neogy Anaam will be honoured with the National Nritya Shiromani award for promoting the dance form across the world.


7. Sudhir Bhargava Appointed as New Information Chief Commissioner.


8. On 1st January 2019, Andhra Pradesh got a separate high court.


9. On December 31, 2018, Mr. Shaktikanta Das, The Governor of the central bank of India, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released 18th Fiscal Stability Report of India.


10. France introduced a new “GAFA tax” named after the large internet and technology companies Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon to ensure the global giants pay a fair share of taxes on their massive businesses in Europe.


11. VK Yadav appointed new chairman of Railway Board after Ashwani Logan.


12. American space agency NASA‘s New Horizons spacecraft performed the farthest flyby in history as it approached the Kuiper Belt object Ultima Thule.


13. Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) reported that Sweden has been named the first best performing country in the CCPI 2019 list.


14. Jair Bolsonaro was sworn in as Brazil’s new president.


15. HDFC Mutual Fund has surpassed ICICI Prudential MF to regain top position after two years as the largest asset management company (AMC).


16. Chang’e-4 lunar probe, a Chinese space probe, touched down on the far side of the moon.


17. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 5-day long ‘Indian Science Congress (ISC)-2019’ in Lovely Professional University Jalandhar, Punjab. Theme of ISC - ‘Future India: Science and Technology’.


18. Veer Savarkar International Airport in Port Blair declared as an authorized Immigration Check post.


19. On 31st December 2018, President of United States of America (USA), Donald J. Trump signed the “Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA)” into law. The ARIA will authorize $1.5 billion over a five year period to enhance economic, diplomatic and security cooperation with strategic regional allies.


20. Arunima Sinha became the world’s first female amputee to climb Mount Vinson, the highest peak of Antarctica.


21. United Nations On 4th January 2019, observed the first official World Braille Day remembering the birth anniversary of Louis Braille who invented Braille for the people with visual disabilities.


22. Government launches nationwide cleanliness survey ‘Swachh Survekshan 2019’.


23. Indus Food Meet 2019 to be held in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.


24. Vijay Mallya became the first person to be declared a ‘fugitive economic offender’ under Section 12 of the Fugitive Economic Offenders’ Act, 2018.


25. Krishnamurthy V Subramanian is appointed as the Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) to the government.


26. International Kite Festival kicks off in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.


27. Cabinet approved 10 pc quota for economically weaker sections in general category. For the implementation of the quota, Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution will have to be amended.


28. Golden Globe Award, 2018 Winner List

Category Winner
Best Motion Picture (Drama) Bohemian Rhapsody
Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy) Green Book
Best Actor (Drama) Rami Malek for “Bohemian Rhapsody”
Best Actress (Drama) Glenn Close for “The Wife”
Best Actor (Musical or Comedy) Christian Bale for “Vice”
Best Actress (Musical or Comedy ) Olivia Colman for “The Favourite”
Best Supporting Actor Mahershala Ali for “Green Book”
Best Supporting Actress Regina King for “If Beale Street Could Talk”
Best Director Alfonso Cuaron for “Roma”
Best Foreign Language Film Roma (Mexico)

29. India Became the First Asian team to win a Test series in Australia.


30. ‘A Crusade Against Corruption’: book by Manohar Manoj.


31. The Polavaram irrigation project in Andhra Pradesh created two Guinness world records for ‘pouring the highest amount of concrete’ and ‘largest continuous concrete pour in 24 hours’. The Polavaram irrigation project is located in West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.


32. Solar Man of India, Pranav R Mehta, became the first Indian to Head Global Solar Council, USA. He has been conferred with the ‘Visionary Disruptor Award’ by Solar Future Today.


33. Amazon overtakes Microsoft to become world's most valuable company.


34. Lok Sabha has passed the Personal Laws (Amendment Bill), 2018 to remove leprosy as a ground for divorce.


35. IRCTC tied up with Bharti AXA General insurance company to offer free travel insurance for air travellers.


36. Egypt to host 2019 Africa Cup of Nations.


37. Sydney and Brisbane chosen to host $15 million 24 team ATP Cup in 2020.


38. India’s GDP expected to grow at 7.3% in 2018-19: World Bank.

 

February, 2018 (Part-III)

1. India secured access to key strategic Port of Duqm in Oman in the Arabian sea for military use and logistical support.

2. Meghalaya Governor Inaugurates India, Bangladesh ‘Friendship Gate’.

3. India’s first Radio Festival was held in New Delhi, commemorating the World Radio Day which was celebrated on 13thFebruary.

4. Umang App wins Best M-Government Service award & Aadhar wins Best Emerging Technology award at World Government Summit.

5. Jacob Zuma steps down as South Africa’s President and Cyril Ramaphosa was elected as South Africa’s President.

6. KP Sharma Oli named as Nepal’s Prime Minister.

7. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the World Sustainable Development Summit 2018 (WSDS 2018) in New Delhi.

8. Milkbasket has been honored with the ‘Startup of the Year’ 2017 award.

9. TCS recognized as a global Top Employer for the third consecutive year.

10. Virgin Hyperloop One signed the framework agreement with Maharashtra State Government to build a hyperloop between Pune and Mumbai.

11. An international educational institution for minorities will be built in Rajasthan’s Alwar city.

12. Amazon becomes first foreign ecommerce firm to enter food retail venture in India.

13. The theme for International Mother Language Day 2018 is: Linguistic diversity and multilingualism count for sustainable development.

14. Flying officer Avani Chaturvedi scripted history by becoming the first Indian woman to fly a fighter aircraft solo.

15. Airtel, Huawei conduct India’s first 5G trial.

16. Indian scientists have discovered a new plant species “Drypetes kalamii”, named after former President Abdul Kalam in Jaldapara and Buxa National Parks in West Bengal.

17. Aruna Budda Reddy becomes 1st Indian to win individual medal at Gymnastics World Cup.

18. China has been elected as the Vice President of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).

19. Bharti Airtel announced that it has joined ‘Seamless Alliance’, a new global collaboration to bring high-speed and uninterrupted in-flight data connectivity to mobile customers.

20. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has started work on building igloos (referred to as lunar habitats) on the Moon.

21. Chilka Lake in Odisha has become the single largest habitat of Irrawaddy dolphins in the world.

22. National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated every year on 28 February. The theme of NSD-2018 is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.

23. Indian Railways launch idea competition, SRIJAN to redevelop over 600 stations.

24. Roger Federer wins the Laureus World Sportsman of the Year.

 

February, 2018 (Part-II)

1. The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has been ranked the number one environment policy think tank in India.

2. Nuclear-capable Agni-I and Prithvi-II missiles test fired successful.

3. Mumbai Airport becomes World’s busiest Single-Runway Airport.

4. Maharashtra becomes first state to adopt a comprehensive fintech policy.

5. Google, NCERT partnered up for internet safety training in schools.

6. Dubai International Airport has retained its position as world’s busiest international airport in terms of passenger traffic.

7. ‘Empzilla’, a chat based job search mobile app, first of its kind in India has been launched.

8. SpaceX launches ‘Falcon Heavy’ – world’s most powerful rocket towards Mars. Elon Musk is the CEO & CTO of SpaceX.

9. Bermuda becomes the first country to legalize and then repeal same-sex marriage.

10. South Central Railway becomes 1st rail zone with 100% LED lighting at stations.

11. India has ranked 44 out of 50 countries in the international Intellectual Property (IP) index released by the US Chambers of Commerce.

12. From April 1, 2018, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will link the base rate for loans given by banks to the Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rates (MCLR). MCLR system was introduced by RBI on April 1, 2016 to avoid the problems of the Base Rate regime. MCLR is the minimum interest rate of a bank, below which it cannot lend. It serves as an internal benchmark for the bank. Interest rate on corporate and retail loan products is fixed above this rate.

13. India’s Jhulan Goswami became the first female cricketer to score 200 ODI (One Day International) wickets.

14. President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 88th Mahamastakabhisheka Mahotsav of Lord Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola in Hassan district, Karnataka.

15. Reliance Industries wins Golden Peacock Award 2017 for CSR.

16. India Health Fund (launched by Tata Trusts in association with The Global Fund) will financially support innovations and technologies aimed at combating tuberculosis and malaria.

17. Pune swimmer Rohan More becomes world’s youngest and first Asian swimmer to complete Ocean 7 Challenge.

18. China has agreed to reopen the Nathu La pass for Indian pilgrims to undertake the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra.

19. Delhi government and the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) together launched the ‘Clean Air Campaign’ for Delhi.

20. Modi inaugurated a project for the construction of the first Hindu temple in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

21. Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh released “Mere Sapno Ka Bharat”, a book on best interviews of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in the Parliament premises.

21. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)-led consortium of Indian state oil firms have acquired 10% stake in Abu Dhabi’s offshore Zakum Oilfield.

22. 6th World Government Summit (WGS-2018) held in Dubai.

23. Tata Steel has been honoured as the World’s Most Ethical Company for the year 2018 by Ethisphere Institute.

24. Filmmaker Ramesh Sippy will be awarded the first ‘Raj Kapoor Award for Excellence in Cinema’.

25. Radio Umang: India’s first online radio station launched.

 

February, 2018 (Part-I)

1. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved continuation of Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) beyond 12th Plan for 3 years from 2017-18 to 2019-20. PMEGP is major credit-linked subsidy programme being implemented by Ministry of MSME since 2008-09. It is aimed at generating self-employment opportunities through establishment of micro-enterprises in non-farm sector by helping traditional artisans and unemployed youth in rural as well as urban areas. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is nodal implementation agency at national level.

2. Indian Railway’s 1st high-speed electric locomotive: This high-speed electric locomotive has been produced in collaboration with Alstom of France. The first locomotive has been assembled at Madhepura plant in Bihar.

3. Rwanda has become the first low-income country in the world to provide universal eye care for its 12 million citizens.

4. Magahi writer Shesh Anand Madhukar was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Bhasha Samman award.

5. Chinese electronic device and smartphone maker Huawei has unveiled Balong 5G01,  world’s first 5G chip at Mobile World Congress 2018 held in Barcelona, Spain.

6. Google has launched “Bulletin” app that allows anyone to submit stories related to their local communities.

7. mCURA, a Health-tech startup, launched ‘Smart OPD’, India’s first integrated mobility platform that reduces waiting time in counters and provides e-prescriptions.

8. India’s first Aviation Multi Skill Development Centre (MSDC) was launched at Chandigarh Airport.

9. Odisha wins Geospatial World Excellence Award 2018.

10. India joined Ashgabat Agreement on the establishment of an International Transport and Transit Corridor between the Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The agreement was signed in 2011, which envisages facilitation of transit and transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.

11. Goa Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar inaugurated the 2nd edition of ‘Nobel Prize Series India 2018’ in Panaji, Goa.

12. India’s Saurav Ghosal with rank number 14 became the highest ranked Indian in the Professional Squash Association (PSA) rankings.

13. Government to launch Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme. KUSUM is aimed at promoting use of solar energy for pumps and encourage use of barren land for setting up decentralized solar power plants.

14. India’s largest Floating Treatment Wetland (FTW) on Neknampur Lake was inaugurated on World Wetlands Day (February 2).

15. New Manchester-India Partnership was launched by Jim O’Neill, the economist who coined the phrase BRICS.

16. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) signed a project agreement with World Bank for Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP), aimed at enhancing navigation on National Waterway-1 (NW-1) from Varanasi to Haldia.

17. Bhutan continues to be largest recipient of External Affairs Ministry’s allocation.

18. Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Arun Jaitley launched CriSidEx, India’s first sentiment index for micro and small enterprises (MSEs). This index has been developed jointly by CRISIL & Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).

19. India’s first defence industrial corridor will connect Chennai and Bengaluru.

20. India won the U-19 Cricket World Cup by defeating Australia in New Zealand.

21. Lamitye 2018: India, Seychelles conduct military exercise to fight counter insurgency, piracy.

22. World Cancer Day is observed every year on 4th February.

23. Maharashtra to become first state to have Transgender Welfare Board.

24. Uttar Pradesh State Government, in association with United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched ‘DASTAK’, a door to door campaign to eradicate deadly Acute Encephalitis (AE) Syndrome and Japanese Encephalitis (JES) disease from the state.

25. Assam Govt, Ola sign MoU for river taxi service in Guwahati.

 

January, 2018 Extra Dose

1. India and Pakistan have extended agreement of Thar Link Express, second solitary rail service between both countries for three more years i.e. till 2021. India and Pakistan currently have only two trans-border trains. They are i) Samjhauta Express: Operates on Delhi-Lahore route via Attari- Wagah border crossing. It carries both passengers and freight. ii) Thar Express: It links Jodhpur (India) and Karachi (Pakistan) via Munabao-Khokhrapar border crossing. It carries only passengers.

2. 2018 to be observed as National Year of Millets.

3. NITI Aayog member Dr Vinod Paul became first Indian to be awarded prestigious IhsanDo?ramac? Family Health Foundation Prize by World Health Organization (WHO).

4. Legendary Bengali actor Soumitra Chatterjee (83) was awarded France’s highest civilian award, Legion d’Honneur.

5. Journalists and social activists celebrated 238th anniversary of India’s first newspaper the Hicky’s Bengal Gazette, Asia’s first newspaper. James Augustus Hicky is considered as founder of journalism in India.

6. Karnataka Govt to obtain electric vehicles under Central Government’s Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-India) Scheme.

7. Indiabulls Housing Finance has raised Rs 1000 crore by selling the India’s first “Social Bonds”. Social Bonds are debt instrument, issued to raise funds which is to be deployed in financing/re-financing eligible social projects such as affordable housing, water supply, sanitation, transport etc.

8. World Braille Day is celebrated on 4th January every year to mark the birthday of Louis Braille, inventor of Braille system.

9. India’s first National Park for differently abled people inaugurated in Hyderabad.

10. NASA’s GOLD mission and ICON mission are complementary missions to explore ionosphere, a boundary area between Earth and the space (from about 60 km to 1000 km altitude) which is like a sea of particles that have been ionized by solar radiation.

11. On 7th January 2018, the International Kite Festival started at Sabarmati River Front in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

12. ‘TrackChild’ and ‘Khoya-Paya’ web portals have been launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development to track missing and found children.

13. Indian-origin actor, comedian, and filmmaker Aziz Ansari became the first man of Asian descent to win Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an actor.

14. Mankidia, a tribe of Odisha, was denied habitat rights inside the Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) in Odisha.

15. RS Puram police station in Tamil Nadu ranks India’s best police station

16. India’s first all-women station ‘Matunga suburban station of Mumbai’ enters Limca Book of Records.

17. BharatNet Project, formerly known as National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) was launched by Central Government in October, 2011 with an aim to deploy high-speed optical fibre cables across rural areas of India. Its ultimate goal is to provide broadband connectivity to all 2.5 Lakh Gram Panchayats in India.

18. India celebrates Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) on January 9 to mark the contribution of overseas Indian community in development of India. Nitin Gadkari inaugurated ASEAN India Pravasi Bharatiya Divas at Singapore. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) Parliamentary Conference at the Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in Delhi.

19. Panel under B.R. Sharma to take a call on national anthem in cinema halls.

20. Every year, 10 January is celebrated as ‘World Hindi Day’ all over the world. As, the first “World Hindi Conference” was held on 10 January 1975.


21. India has extended financial assistance to Sri Lanka for upgrading Kankesanthurai (KKS) Harbour (located in northern Sri Lanka) into a commercial port.

22. GAIL to Set up India’s 1st Coal-to-gas Conversion Plant in Odisha.

23. ISRO successfully lifts off its 100th Satellite Cartosat-2 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

24. Sanjay Manjrekar launched his autobiography named ‘Imperfect’, in Mumbai.

25. Tracey Crouch was appointed as UK’s first-ever minister in charge to tackle loneliness and combat social isolation.

26. Madhya Pradesh has become the first state in India to completely implement door-to-door garbage collection in all areas under urban bodies.

27. Gulshan Books, a Kashmiri publishing house, has secured a place in the Limca Book of Records 2018 for a huge collection of 80,000 books.

28. Virat Kohli has won the Sir Garfield Sobers Cricketer of the year, ICC Cricketer of the Year 2017 and ICC ODI cricketer of the year 2017 awards for his accomplishments in 2017.

29. World’s largest underwater cave found in Mexico.

30. Mangalajodi Ecotourism Trust of Odisha was conferred with the “Innovation in Tourism Enterprise” award by UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organization). Headquarter of UNWTO – Madrid, Spain.

31. India rises 3 places to occupy 102nd spot in FIFA rankings.

32. Iconic cartoonist Chandi Lahiri passes away.

33. Navy’s first all-women team of INSV Tarini crosses Cape Horn.

34. Dilip Chenoy appointed Director General of FICCI.

35. President Ram Nath Kovind on the recommendation of Election Commission of India (ECI) has disqualified 20 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) MLAs from Delhi, citing that they held offices of profit.

36. Sushma Swaraj inaugurates Bharat-ASEAN Maitri Park in Delhi.

37. ‘Aadhaar’ is Oxford dictionary’s Hindi word of 2017.

38. Delhi won the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy at the Eden Gardens, in Kolkata.

39. Ashok Chakra was awarded posthumously to Corporal Jyoti Prakash Nirala, Indian Air Force (IAF) commando, in New Delhi.

40. The Assam Assembly introduced digital budget in its Budget Session, instead of the conventional printed booklet.

 

January, 2018 (Part-III)

1. India ranks 177 among 180 countries in the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2018.

2. Two-lane bi-directional Zojila Tunnel in Jammu & Kashmir would be India’s longest road tunnel and the longest bi-directional tunnel in Asia.

3. Rotavac is first fully indigenous vaccine passes WHO test. It protects against childhood diarrhea caused by the rotavirus.

4. The World Economic Forum (WEF) launched new Global Centre for Cybersecurity headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

5. Kolkata becomes 1st Indian metropolitan city to get a floating market.

6. Usha Ananthasubramanian, MD and CEO, Allahabad Bank elected the first woman chairman of Indian Banks’ Association (IBA). Then, she was dismissed from her service after CBI named her in the charge sheet in PNB fraud case as she was ex- CMD of Punjab National Bank.

7. Multibillion-dollar Japanese conglomerate SoftBank is reportedly in talks to invest in Indian insurance startup PolicyBazaar.

8. Jai Bhavani, Jai Shivaji Maharashtra tableaux wins 1st prize in Republic Day Parade.

9. India is ranked second only to South Africa as the cheapest country to live or retire.

10. International bird festival held at the Dudhwa National Park, Lakhimpur Kheri, Uttar Pradesh.

11. VINBAX: India and Vietnam hold their first military exercise in Jabalpur, MP.

12. Sharath Kamal wins National Table Tennis Championship.

13. Environment Minister Harshvardhan launched a 2.8 PetaFlop capacity high-performance computer system ‘Mihir’.

14. Indian-American Adobe CEO Shantanu Narayen to lead USISPF (US-India Strategic Partnership Forum) Board. 

15. India becomes third largest producer of crude steel and stood after China and Japan.

16. The 2018 Australian Open – Men’s Singles - Roger Federer (Switzerland) ll Women's Singles - Caroline Wozniacki (Denmark).

 

Current Affairs Diary || January, 2018 (Part-II)

1. The World Economic Forum (WEF) ranked India at 30th position on a global manufacturing index.

2. Vajra Prahar: an Indo-US joint military exercise to be held in Seattle, USA.

3. North and South Korea have agreed to march together under a single unified Korea flag at Winter Olympics in the South.

4. Maharashtra becomes first state to unveil Public Cloud Policy.

5. India joined the Australia Group export control regime. Thus India is now member of Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), the Wassenaar Arrangement and Australia Group despite not being a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. India is not a member of NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group).

6. Mauritius was the largest source of foreign investment in India (21.8 percent share at market value), followed by the US and the UK, according to report by the Reserve Bank of India.

7. Apple named the world's most admired company for 2018.

8. India's 1st Garbage Festival Organised in Chhattisgarh.

9. Om Prakash Rawat was is the current Chief Election Commissioner of India. He had succeeded Achal Kumar Jyoti to the post.

10. Prime Minister Narendra Modi to attend annual meeting of World Economic Forum, Davos, Switzerland.

11. India Defeats Pakistan to Win Blind Cricket World Cup 2018.

12. Valletta, the capital of Malta officially named European Capital of Culture 2018. Valletta will share the title with Leeuwarden, a city in the Netherlands.

13. The first International Dam Safety Conference-2018 was held in Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram,  Kerala.

14. Andhra Pradesh and Zurich Sign Sister State Agreement to promote mutual prosperity and development.

15. Bollywood actor Shah Rukh Khan was honoured with the 24th Crystal Award at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

16. AYUSH Minister lays foundation stone for Homeopathy Research Institute in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

17. National Voters Day is observed on 25th January, 2018.

18. SARAS PT1N is the new upgraded version of indigenous transport aircraft SARAS. It is developed by National Aeronautics Laboratory (NAL) successfully and made its maiden flight in Bengaluru, Karnataka.

 

Current Affairs Diary || January, 2018 (Part-I)

1. Israel & USA withdraw their membership from UNESCO.

2. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have become the first two countries in the Gulf which have introduced the Value-Added Tax (VAT) system.

3. Vidarbha Defeats Delhi to win the Ranji Trophy for the first time.

4. UNESCO accepted the "bird language" or “whistle language” of Black Sea villagers of Turkey as an endangered part of world heritage in need of urgent protection and enlisted it in the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage List’.

5. The Union Cabinet approved the establishment of new All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).

6. Iceland becomes the first country in the world to legalize equal pay between men and women.

7. Information and Broadcasting Ministry, GOI goint to set India’s 2nd Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) in Arunachal Pradesh. First one is in Pune, Maharashtra.

8. Aanchal Thakur created history as she won India's first ever international medal in skiing.

9. A R Rahman Becomes Brand Ambassador of Sikkim.

10. Three-day 4th International Dharma-Dhamma Conference held at Rajgir in Bihar.

11. Dr Sivan K appointed as New ISRO Chairman.

12. IndusInd Bank launched India’s First Battery-Powered Interactive Payment Card.

13. Indu Malhotra has become first woman lawyer to be directly promoted as SC judge.

14. Singapore-based Indian-origin businessman Sunny Verghese is appointed as the Chairman of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) [Geneva].

15. China has become second internet service provider for Nepal, breaking India’s monopoly in Nepal.

16. Norwegian fertilizer giant Yara International